What oppression these issues are all forgotten or misidentified


What is the feminist theory? “It is a major branch of
theory within sociology that is distinctive for how it’s creators shift their
analytic lens, assumptions, and topical focus away from the male viewpoint and
experience; within this in mind, feminist theory unveil on the social problems
such as, Gender differences, Gender inequality, Gender oppression, and Structure
oppression these issues are all forgotten or misidentified by the historically
assertive male perspective within social theory. ” 1The
main points of the feminist theory include discrimination and exclusion on the
basis of sex and gender, objectification, structural and economic inequality
power and oppression, and gender roles and stereotypes among others.” People
may think that the feminist theory is all about girls and women showcasing
dominance of women over men, but what they don’t know is that feminist theory
has always been about seeing the social world in a way that shines light on the
forces that shape and support inequality, oppression, and injustice and in
doing so, advertises the hunt of equality and justice2.


The Feminist theory aims to “establish equal rights
and legal protection for women. Feminism involves political and sociological
theories and philosophies concerned with issues of gender difference, as well
as a movement that advocates gender equality for woman”.3

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 The political
demand of feminists are, to have women’s voices heard under equal, social and
political rights, creating equal opportunities for women in all fields, equal
wages and equal access to health and education among others. The challenges for
women today are to decide what we want to change and how that change can be
enacted. “Feminism changed many women’s lives and created new opportunities for
education, empowerment, working women, feminist art, and feminist theory”4.
In Maria’s article, she states the feminist demands “what feminists want and
demand for women is the right to move and to act in accordance with our own
wills and not against them, another part is the desire and insistence that we
give our own accounts of these movements and actions”5.


Gender differences have played a part in the society
for a very long time. Women have been labeled as “other” in a world of
Patriarchy. A woman’s social acceptance is different from a man’s. In others
words Crossman states, ” cultural feminists look at the different values
associated with womanhood and femininity as an explanation why men and women
experience the social world differently. Other feminist theorists believe that
the different roles assigned to women and men within institutions, better
explain gender difference, including the sexual division of labor in the
household”6. Gender
plays a significant role in the book Kindred.
For example, In Kindred, when Dana
went back in time she encountered difficulties where she was punished because
she didn’t follow her gender role. After saving Rufus’ life, she then went to
speak with Mr. Tom Weylin, Rufus’ father demanding for respect. She threatens
Mr. Weylin by telling him if she gets beaten again by him, she would not save
his son. For instance, Mr. Weylin said “You damned black bitch!”7 Mr.Weylin
was not tolerating a woman talking back to him let alone it being a black
woman. After he called her a bitch, he then promised her if anything happened
to his son, he would skin her alive. Mr. Weylin is the slave owner and slaves
had strict rules and expectations that they had to follow. Because Dana was an
African American and a woman, she faced double the problem. In this case, Rufus fails to mail her letters to Kevin, Dana attempts to run away. As
a result, she receives a vicious whipping, which hurts and frightens her that
she loses the will to run away again. Over and over again Dana gets abused and
beaten for helping other slaves and by trying to run away and stay alive. That
is to say Dana gets hit for interfering Rufus selling Sam the field hand,
afterwards Dana slits her wrist in an attempt to travel back in time. This
shows how horribly she is getting treated back in the plantation for nothing
her role as woman in the plantation.


Men and women social
situations are not only different, but they are also unequal. Gender inequality
refers to the different behavior or recognition of each person due to their
gender. For example, “Liberal feminists argue that women have the same capacity
as men for moral reasoning and agency, but that patriarchy, particularly the
sexist division of labor, has historically denied women the opportunity to
express and practice this reasoning. These dynamics serve to shove women into
the private sphere of the household and to exclude them from full participation
in public life”8. By all
means, in the book Kindred Dana suffer the consequses because
she didn’t behave accordingly she was promised to be skinned alive if she
didn’t follow orders. She was afraid of her life because she was in a time
period where she didn’t have no right and she also knew that this man
was more than capable of skinning her alive and getting away with it. This
affected Dana mentally because she knew that Mr. Weylin was talking in a
serious manner and that he could do whatever he wanted to do with her because
she had no enforceable right.


Theories of gender oppression go further than theories
of gender difference and gender inequality by arguing that not only are women
different from or unequal to men, but that they are actively oppressed,
subordinated, and even abused by men. In the book “kindred”  Dana went through a lot of oppression when
she traveled back in time into the 1880s, in a plantation in Maryland where she
had to save her ancestor Rufus, who was a white. Dana got treated awfully by
Rufus’ dad and has a complicated relationship with Rufus where she is forced to
work with him in order to survive. In that time, dana had no right as a free
woman so she had to do everything possible to stay alive and go back into the
present. The relationship between the slave and master is merely a relationship
of power, where the master tell the slaves what to do and if they don’t oblige,
they would suffer consequences and they would get beaten, whipped, and
punished. This connects to gender oppression because the master dominates the
slaves telling them what to do and not do and if the slaves don’t follow the
master orders  they suffer the
consequences and get beaten. The relationship between Dana and Rufus’s dad is only
a power dynamic relationship where he has total controlled over her and she has
to follow his order to prevent from getting beaten. Kindred also described the
historic oppression of black female sexuality as a main aspect of the struggle
between master and slave.  For instance, when
Dana gets caught teaching Nigel to read, Weylin whips her. Slaves in that
period of time are not allow to read or write. So by dana teaching Nigel how
to  read she is dis obeying Weylin


 In an attempt
to control Alice’s sexuality, Alice then stopped her desire her sexuality to
uphold a sense of self. Similarly, Dana time traveling renovated her sexuality
to fit the times. While in the present, Dana chooses to be with her husband and
sleep with her husband. In the past, her image as a black female required that
she subjected her body to the desires of the master for “pleasure, breeding and
as sexual property9”. As
Rufus’ manhood grows he tried to control Dana’s sexuality, by closing in his
attempt at rape and turning her into a replacement of Alice. After all, Dana
sees sexual power as the last form of submission and dehumanization. Dana
ending Rufus’ life served to deny her existence as a female slave
differentiating herself from the others that’s couldn’t say no. One’s struggle
to maintain power over their body is, Rufus’ relationship with Alice. Rufus
seemed to have all the power in the relationship, but Alice was not willing to
give herself to Rufus. Therefore, Alice committed suicide. The fact that she
ended her life shows her power struggle with Rufus. A “final upsetting of their
power balance”10 which she
had escaped through death.


“Structural oppression theories state that women’s
oppression and inequality are a result of capitalism, patriarchy, and racism”11. An important
fact is that, “all women don’t go through oppression in the same way, the same
forces that work to oppress women and girls also oppress people of color and
other marginalized groups.”12 It’s all
based on class, gender, race, ethnicity, and age. Another example of how
structural oppression is displayed in society is by the gender wage gap, which
implies that men make more money than women doing the same jobs. In addition,
“An intersectional view of this situation shows us that women of color, and men
of color too, are even further penalized relative to the earnings of white


This also relates back to patriarchy, patriarchy is a
social system in which males hold primary power and predominate in roles of
political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of
property. In the domain of the family, fathers or father-figures hold authority
over women and children. This system is influencing a culture of having a man’s
dominance passed down and being reinforced by the institution. This is setting
a conformity by degrading self-values and inciting patriarchy. The increase of
a traditional patriarch affects women mostly because of the inequality,
insecurity, and feeling unsafe that is developed from a process to condition
one to think it’s normal. These social norms makes men think that it’s okay to
say/do what they wanted to a woman.


In conclusion I learned that women
have constantly been fighting for equality and respect as men’s. Feminists are advocating
for us women to
have our voices heard under equal, social and political rights, creating equal
opportunities for women in all fields, equal wages and equal access to health
and education among others.

Feminist theory has always been about seeing the
social world in a way that shines light on the forces that shape and support
inequality, oppression, and injustice and in doing so, advertises the hunt of
equality and justice.

1 Crossman, Ashley.
“What is Feminist Theory?” ThoughtCo. Accessed November 29, 2017.

2 Crossman,
Ashley. “What is Feminist Theory?”

3 History
and theory of feminism. Accessed January 04, 2018.


4 Crossman,
Ashley. “What is Feminist Theory?”


5 María C. Lugones et al., “Have we got a
theory for you! Feminist theory, cultural imperialism and the demand for ‘the
woman’s voice’,” Women’s Studies International Forum 6, no. 6 (1983): 153

6 Crossman, Ashley.
“What is Feminist Theory?”


7 Octavia E. Butler, Kindred,201

8 Crossman, Ashley.
“What is Feminist Theory?”

9 Octavia E. Butler, Kindred

10 Ibid

11 Crossman, Ashley.
“What is Feminist Theory?”

12 Ibid.

I13 Ibid.