Western Civilization is a term that is often used to describe cultures of the early people living in Europe and the Mediterranean, however, this describes the people and the cultures of so many different countries across such a large time frame that it is tough to give an exact definition to what Western Civilization is. Western Culture has origins as back as far as 3000 B.C. in Mesopotamia and Egypt and extends up to 17th century Europe. So far in History 111 we have covered the history of civilization up to the fall of the Greek Empire around the beginning of the common era. The purpose of this essay is to describe the three most important characteristics of Western Civilization and how they shaped its development up until this point in history. These civilizations, that when grouped together make up greater Western Culture, were the first of their kind, bringing the human race together like never before. The ideas and innovations of these early civilizations have been molded and revised into the modern world we live in. The three most important characteristics of Western civilization are the development of sophisticated trade routes, innovations in agriculture, and the development of both spoken and written language.