can find hip-hop everywhere we go, from streets to shopping mall, from Brazil
to France and even Japan have their own hip-hop culture. Where does hip-hop
Hip-hop music also called
rap music, is one of the popular music genre developed in the United States in
worldwide. It consists of strong rhythm and usually come with rapping.
Centuries ago, in West
Africa, traditional storytellers played musical instruments while they were
telling stories. When this tradition traveled from West Africa to the USA, it
developed into different musical styles. For example, blues and jazz. These styles
all started in poor African-American areas. And in the 1970s, there were many
poor areas in New York. There wasn’t any money for music lessons in schools, so
kids made their own music. African teenagers and DJ here played their records
outside in the streets.
August 11, 1973, a DJ named Kool Herc threw a birthday party for his sister in
the Boogie Down Bronx. Instead of playing a full song, he played in breaks,
sections where he found out the people would went high: “I was noticing people
used to wait for particular parts of the record to dance, maybe to do their specialty
moves.” Using two turntables, he extended the instrumental breaks, allowing
people to dance longer, a dancing style that came to be known as breaking. Next
came to the MC, or the master of ceremony, who added rhymes over the beats to
get the party going and flowing. Since then, Hip-Hop culture was born and raised.
In the years since DJ Kool Herc’s first party, hip-hop culture
has become a major force across music, dance, art, fashion, and whole lot more.
as a culture
Hip-Hop as a culture, is
more than music. In 1982, hip-hop group “Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five”
release a song called “The message”, which is the first outstanding hip-hop song
that deliver social commentary rather than the self-congratulatory boasting or
party chants of earlier hip-hop. Over the past three decades, Hip Hop has
influenced and boosted the United States, passing on from generation to
generation and providing a voice to a group of people trying to deliver the
message. Opponents of hip-hop culture believe that the music is intrinsically
aggressive and promotes social rebellion – yet the provocative lyrics do not
deny that hip-hop is the vocal outlet of many in the United States. Hip Hop
provides a platform for MCs and rappers to express their views on the
decades-long treatment of society, government and African Americans in the
United States. This way out is crucial to the revitalization of the black
community and benefit to the entire community.
Although Hip Hop is popular
in the United States, there is still a strong voice that Hip Hop stands for
social subversion, aggression, vulgarity, blasphemy and more. One argument is
that the hip-hop community is means of combating social upheaval rather than a
credible method of productive social restraint. This argument attempts to
undermine the intentions of the hip-hop and its effects. There are many
arguments against hip-hop. However they still cannot stop the trends of Hip-Hop
as a cultural affectation, especially in black and other marginalized community.
Music, not only hip-hop music, in some situation, are not just entertainment
tools but also powerful technique that can be used to arise social awareness.
Music reveal trends, value, social issues at the time, and inspiring people for
the good desire. Therefore, Hip-hop music, in this case, become a social
revolution of marginalized groups that expose the social conflict at that time
such as poverty, discrimination and disempowerment… “Traditionally oppressed
groups are able to use the music to convey their plight and circumstances, and
in that way rebel against both overtly and covertly oppressive
conventionalities within that society.”(Kathleen 2016)