Virtue is a skill and way of living that one can discern through experience as well as an essence of knowledge or wisdom tending to issue in the an action of good and within conformity develop a unity among virtues such as wisdom, temperance, courage, justice, and piety. One interpretation regards the mutual entailment of the virtue goes against the idea of virtues being fragmentary in a person such as one cannot just have a virtue. In order to manifest any virtue, one must manifest other virtuous traits which suggest an idea of inseparability and completeness. The concept of it is all the virtues are connected and obtaining one implies having a moral character that communicates the other virtues. There is a golden mean within virtue that suggest the right amount of the mean is a good thing and a deficiency or an excess amount of a trait is vice. For instance, deficiency in courage shows cowardice and excess is reckless which are like folly because they are vices. Courage in right amount is a virtue but it does not just stand alone due to virtue being a knowledge. Courage involves practical wisdom because without wisdom, one would end up in reckless or in cowardly positions. When caught in situation like that the idea is about not just jumping to conclusions but know what to in the right circumstance and acting upon that instinct so it is neither reckless or cowardly. The actions to withstand fears require a thought process to have good in the end.
Virtue measures the value and impact on one’s life which may relate to the ideal of human perfection. It seems human perfection is moral character that attains all the virtues and people with dispositions as such are rare. The concept of virtue as an ideal of human perfection constitutes a fully good life or the best life. The best life most likely means a person exemplifying virtuous behavior and the excellence of goodness. The best life a person can live involving all virtues supports the unity of virtues thesis. The virtues act upon each other to mutually adjust and determine each other in a mechanism. The theory of one virtue implying all the others is questioned due to the outlook of one. Adams disagrees saying he does not believe in the complete human virtue aspect, the concept of a fully good life because that leads to the concept of Eudaimonia which is human flourishing and the idea that one can always be improved and that their work on a virtuous is never done and a fully good life may not support that suggestion. With the implication of interconnected virtues, the more one person attains of a virtue would mean they also attain more of the other which puts a value and measure of virtues saying that all are equal. That suggests a type of balance that would continue to be altered because the idea that improvement on virtuous behavior is never finished. Adam’s example of the three men involved in the German Auschwitz concentration camp commit actions that questions their moral good character. With one man participating in the murders of Jews as well as ways to kill them but advocated for better health care, the second man not partaking in any acts of the mass murder but still maintain his friendly relationships with the people guilty of those acts and the final man partaking in acts to save and Jews as well as working undercover in the camp to betray the Nazis he hated but had problems such as infidelity. This interpretation of the virtues of unity would automatically require people to be well-rounded people, but it is difficult to question their character and say if they are morally good people.
The example rather suggests that the men having a virtue whether it be kindness or courage, the men seem to have deficiencies. The third man may have good intentions, but it is very obvious that he lacks honesty and integrity seeing that he deceived the people he worked with. The second man lacks good judgment or wisdom despite showing loyalty to his colleagues and the first man’s actions are overall questionable because he does goodness by adding to the healthcare but that did not stop him from participating in the murders. One cannot be perfect unless they manage the perfection of the virtues to a similar and high standard. The virtues in regard to the three men differ in degree which would questions the idea of a complete human virtue. Another aspect to the theory of the unity of virtues is the virtues being the distinct facets of a whole. The meaning comes across different virtues coming together in a moral character to develop virtuous behavior.
Socrates happens to reject thesis of virtues being distinct parts of a whole and implications on one another and suggest that different virtues are the same and are just different names added on to virtues which mean the same thing.