Unit lying on the floor may be dangerous due

Unit 3: Health, safety and security in health and
social care – Grace Richards 

In this assignment I will be talking about the
different types of hazards that take place in a health and social care

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There are various health hazards that can encompass
a health and social care setting. A hospital is one of the health and social
care setting that these hazards may be. Some of these harmful hazards may be,
infectious hazards, substance hazards, working practise hazards, security
system hazards, etc.

Hazards are anything that can cause harm. An
example may be a steep staircase. Hazards could be crossing a road when a car
is speeding towards you. The car is the hazard and the risk is the person
crossing the road. There are many more hazards that can arise from a health or
social care setting such as a nursery. For example; untidiness such as toys or
equipment that is left on the corridors could result in someone tripping over.
Additional to that, toys or loom bands to be more specific lying on the floor
may be dangerous due to it containing chemicals that can harm children and
maybe even result in having cancer. This can have a huge impact on children due
to the fact there may be visitors to the care home and children always find a
way of distracting themselves by picking up and chewing anything that may be on
the floor. A way that this can be avoided is by making sure the floor is clean
and there is nothing laying around anywhere, everything should be tidy and neat
especially in a health and social care environment.


Another hazard may be lack of awareness such as hot
surfaces or moving parts, there’s also poor maintenance such as broken
equipment. These hazards could be very easy to forget and that’s why
anticipating is very important. This can also be linked to hazard substances
that you are not aware of, such as it being exposed too much so you are not
aware and therefore can cause harm such as infections, this is because of the
biological substances that contain many chemicals that should be put away. A
way that this can be prevented is by making them less available to where
elderly can access, it should locked away and not visible.


Another may be unsafe practice, for example;
overloaded sockets or trailing flexes. If you place sockets in an incorrect
position, it can be just as much of a risk due to the fact you might trip over,
especially in an elderly environment, elder people are more vulnerable to
situations like this. If the electricity is misused, this can create lots of
dangerous injuries and can even potentially kill someone because there is
completely no safety provided. If your hands are wet and it accidentally drops
on electricity, this can lead

To a very severe injury, you might get electrocuted
so therefore a simple to way that this can be avoided is by making sure that
any liquid type of substances should be put far away from electricity and you
should not touch any electrical equipment if it is not necessary  


Infection hazards are those hazards that can be
transmitted through the atmosphere, ingestion or skin to skin contact. Some of
the infection hazards in a hospital setup is the body fluids like blood which
can be infected with certain bacteria or virus. These bacteria or viruses
impose a hazard to the people working or staying in the hospital compound, an
away in which this can be avoided is by keeping everything in place and making
sure nothing is lying around.


Workplace hazards is a common problem in most
organisations and it is even major problem in a healthcare setup. The medical
practitioners are exposed to several risks during their routine operations.
Some of the most dangerous cases involve exposure to dangerous pathogens that
may be life threatening to the practitioners. Some potential hazards include
injury from patients especially those with mental illness. These injuries may
range from stub wounds to bite wounds which have a potential of causing
infection of pathogens such as viruses and bacteria.


Another important hazard is noise, this is because
noise can affect the nurture environment of a care home and also even affect an
individual physically. For example, if it is really noisy, it can have a big
impact on an individual’s senses, especially for elderly people, this is
because they are more sensitive to the noise around them and it can create more
damage than it would to someone younger, someone in their adolescence years.
The way it can affect an elderly is that loud noise can make them more prone to
become deaf, this is because the older you get, the weaker you hearing is.


Community settings –

Community settings is a major hazard because it is
almost impossible to have control over everything in a health and social care
setting. Staff are advised to carry out equipment, these are prioritised so
that they can stay safe. 

Community care workers should definitely consider
security for those who are not able to reach to the door. This is why it is
important to have security, so that the elderly are able to get help. 

The best way to avoid any hazards from occurring is
by doing a risk assessment, this is so that awareness can be created and
therefore reduce the risk of hazards that can potentially hurt an individual
from any harm that may occur in the workplace



The care act (2014)

The care act was first taken out in 2014, this act
was carried out to help improve an individual’s independence. I believe that
the local authorities need to provide services for the vulnerable people that
need the support, they need to arrange some type of facilities that can help
elderly or vulnerable people. The local authorities should consider any types
of different factors so that it will make a difference for the elderly living
in care homes. (Legislation, 2014)


The food act (1990) 

The food act was first introduced in the 1990, this
act discusses that if you are in a workplace or any health and care settings,
and you serve food, you must acknowledge that the food is 100% safe to eat
before you serve. If you are aware that the food is not safe and you serve it,
you will be responsible if the person that you served food to comes ill, or if
they get food poisoning. Therefore you will have to pay for their medical
bills. (Food standards agency)

Health and safety act (1974)

The health and safety act was first revealed in
1974, this act was to help cover issues that was related to a health and social
care workplace. The main purpose of this act was to make sure that the working
environments such as hospital, school setting etc. are free from any types of
hazards. This is a very important act in a health and social care setting
because its focuses on how you can avoid issues such as hazards in a health and
social care setting (healthy working lives, 2017)

Data protection act (1998)

Data protection act is an act that was taken out in
the 1998, this is so that personal information can be protected when stored on
any computer. The main reason why this act was taken out is so that
“information is handled and to give legal rights to people who have information
stored about them” Those people who are using the data have to follow 8 certain
principles. The first one is, data should be processed fairly and lawfully,
second principle is data should be obtained, the third principle is personal
data has to be adequate and relevant, fourth principle is the data should be
kept up to date, the fifth principle is personal data should not be kept longer
than is needed, the sixth principle is personal data shall be processed in
accordance with the rights of data subjects under this act, the next principle
is organisational measures should be taken against unauthorised or unlawful
processing of personal data. Last but not least, personal date should not be
transferred to another country. (Records management, 2017) 

These are very important principles because it helps
people understand to not pass on information, Although this may not be
necessary in a health and social care setting, these principles makes the
service users comfortable sharing their information because the data protection
act is very safe and trust worthy 



















Records management 2017, available at;
{accessed on 30/10/17) 

Food standards agency, 2017, available at; https://www.food.gov.uk/business-industry/guidancenotes/hygguid/fsactguide
{accessed on 30/10/17)

Legislation, 2014, available at;
http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2014/23/section/1/enacted {accessed on

Healthy working lives, 2017, available at;
{accessed on 30/10/17)4