business strategies are focusing more on the idea of dividing the main goals of
a company into small projects in order to accomplish the task in a more
effective way. Due to the changes, project manager’s roles are becoming very
important within an organization. Project
managers are responsible for overseeing a project for start to finish. For instance, a project manager will be
responsible for planning and scheduling project cost, control cost, project
deadlines, resources and any milestones during the duration of the project (Render, Stair, & Hanna, 2017). The assignment discusses the different
project management techniques utilized when trying to complete a project within
an organization as well as the role of software in project management.
Project management techniques
the course of a project there are many variables that will play an important
role and as a result utilizing the best techniques are very important for any
project manager. Some of the techniques
that project managers utilize are the program evaluation and review technique
(PERT) and the Critical path method (CPM).
CPM techniques can be utilized when a project managers needs to
establish timelines (Render, et, 2017). For instance, a project manager for a
construction company is giving a project to complete a new housing development
within 9 months. The utilization of CPM
will allow the project manager to create a plan on when construction can start
and when it will end, taking into consideration the pre-planning face that can
include construction permits, hiring of personnel, inspections, etc. PERT techniques can be utilized when a
project managers is working on multiple project at the same time. Some of these projects can be more complex
and difficult as a result creating specific timelines will help the projects to
be complete successfully (Render, et, 2017). For instance, as a project manager for a cancer
research company you are being tasked to complete a project regarding an
expansion of the research center, building four research centers in multiple
states. Creating a timeline will allow
the project manager to monitor the starting time for both project. The resources can be moved to the project
that still need to be complete. Overall,
both techniques allow project managers to plan the best strategy that will
allow for the successful completion of any project. In addition, project managers need to plan
the best course of action when given a project. They need to develop their initial plan and
make sure that they have the resources needed to complete the project; after
resources are allocated, they need to analyze any information present to them.
of software in project management
plays an important role on project management because it is a tool that can be
utilize to calculate many aspect of a project (Render,
et, 2017). For instance, as a
project manager for a construction company you can use software to keep track of
cost of different department such as the cost of the material needed for the
project, the cost of payroll and the cost of miscellaneous such as initial
construction permits and licensing.
Software can assist many organizations to keep track of different
projects in a very effective way as a result its use will continue to increase. Technology is an important tool that it
is helping project managers in all fields.
According to a study by Sunila, lobo and Jennifer Whyte on an ecology
project-based firm on software integration use.
The study concluded that the ability to utilize software to track
complex projects within the firm allows them to be more productive because
project managers can collaborate, consolidate and share information during the
duration of any project (Lobo, S., Whyte, J. 2017).
Project managers have
the responsibility to plan and execute different projects within an
organization with the main goal of contributing to the increase of
profitability. Many times they face
challenges and as a result their ability to use different methods and tool such
program evaluation and review technique (PERT), the Critical path method (CPM)
and software components are very important.