This is a brief review for RayIntelli a young start-up company in the field of ‘The Internet of Things’. The points raised in this research claim to show that this is a booming industry with a lot of opportunities to capitalise with the right ideas developed within the many fields of IOT.
In the IO part of Internet of Things; developments in security solutions of devices and networks with data in the IOT world are needed. Talking about the ‘THINGS’ part of IOT the thought of the future devices that will be accessible to the public for example; Self-driving cars, smart buildings, wearable devices, even smart fridges. For the ones with imagination, the innovators have a place in this world of IOT. This needs debating more about future guidelines to govern this alone.
Evidence suggests that Jan Veira (2014) “The Internet of Things refers to the networking of physical objects using embedded sensors, actuators, and other devices that can collect or transmit information about the objects. The data amassed from these devices can then be analysed to optimize products, services, and operations”. This can be many things such as smart buildings, smart meters that can be operated by mobile devices and wearable devices like google glasses.
From the research found Joep van Beurden (2016) his article also concludes that “around only 10 percent of the market share to be gained from the boom of this industry at this moment will result in connectivity being one of the most important parts of this valuation and not just the ‘THINGS’ in IOT”. This leaves an immeasurable amount of room to fill for researchers and developers of hardware and software to even make a dent in the other 90 percent market place.
This is an interesting fact because; Harald (2014) also states that “Analysts have predicted that the installed base for Internet of Things devices will grow from around 10 billion connected devices today to as many as 30 billion devices by 2020”. This is approximately up to 13 devices per person on the planet earth by 2020; IOT will have a lot to answer for in the future in terms of information and cyber security.
More evidence collected from the article McKinsey Global Institute (Manyika, 2015) states that; “A dynamic industry is evolving around IOT technology. As in other technology waves, both incumbents and new players have opportunities. Digitization blurs the lines between technology companies and other types of businesses; makers of industrial machinery, for example, are creating new business models by using IOT links and data to offer their products as a service”. With the right focus on the strengths with their ideas of this start-up company Rayintelli has a place in the market of IOT.
In conclusion IOT is an exciting new marketplace for the developers of hardware and software and most importantly the future consumer. There are many opportunities for future innovation to be explored in this subject area. Research undertaken shows that pioneering new inventions and concepts will take society into a promising future are being tested and will be implemented in everyday life.
Final thoughts consider the acceptance of new digital devices in the household and the use of internet safety with the ever-growing threat of cyber security and identity fraud from using the internet.
A) This is the first security system design as it was shown in fig1, the diagram below, in this circuit, The Light sensor, A represents the NOT gate. The movement sensor, B, is an AND gate, the panic button C, is a NOR gate. These are the three parameters in the security system that another parameter which will be called sound; it is to be added to this circuit for the requirements of the security system.B) Below in Fig 2, is the new security system redesign alarm with the fourth parameter added to it, this could use an XNOR Gate. The fourth parameter can now detect sound in this security system circuit. The first switch connected to the NOT and connected to the AND Gate is represented as A, the light sensor on the diagram. The second switch is the movement sensor B represented again in the diagram and is connected to the OR and the AND Gate in the diagram, the third switch, the panic button C, is also connected to the OR and the AND Gate, as is the fourth switch humidity D, is connected to the OR and the AND gate is shown in the diagram below. The central heating system shown in the diagram (Fig 3) remains on always. This should not happen as when it is too hot the heating system remains on and should be able to switch off; the heating system has no way of switching off safely at point L in the heating system diagram is where the change needs to occur.Using De Morgan’s theorem, we can transform the circuit from an AND gate with inverted input. NOR gate with inverted input to a NAND gate. The aim is to find an upgraded better functioning system that works smarter, quicker and safely.
The input will also need to a go to a converter or a sensor to where the fresh-hold would be held to determine when it goes to one or a zero on for the heating system and off when it is too hot for it to be on. For the health and safety of these Parameters should turn off to maintain the client’s safety always.
For the diagram shown above the parts selected are as follows;
One RHTI Humidity and Temperature sensor.
One Arduino UNO.
One 1000 ohms resisters.
Three 220 ohms resisters
One LED to show the output.
This Diagram has been made to show how the method will implemented within the heating system. The heating system will be able to turn off and on using this improved model and data will be recorded for future use, so it can run efficiently.
In the diagram the AO is the low output represented as the system being OFF, A1 high out is represented as the system being ON shown by the LED.
The RHT03 (humidity and temperature sensor) is connected into the Arduino UNO, Via, The VVC Connection, that goes into the 5V Connection on the Arduino UNO.The 220 ohms resisters go from Ground 2 to Ground on the Arduino UNO.The Data signal is connected to the 1000 ohms resister and the D2 Connector of the Arduino UNO.One of the resisters (1000ohms) is connected to the LED, which is connected to the A1 connecter on the Arduino.
Within the new system the sensor is detecting whether there is humidity in the air of the system. The Arduino will be programmed to create a logical output; it will decide if it is too hot or cold with the temperature settings used by the Arduino instructions. Data will be recorded by the Arduino which then will make the decision of if it will turn the heating system ON or OFF. Depending on which of the signal recorded; the settings will be a low signal for the system to shut down and a high signal for the system to turn on.
· Because the sensor is a two in one chip. This also follows the same wiring route on the Fritzing diagram as the humidity.
· In this circuit the 220 ohms resisters go from Ground 2 to Ground on the Arduino UNO.
· The signal recorded is pushed from the chip to the Arduino.
· This takes the data created from the Arduino using the D2 Channel.
· The Arduino sends a signal to the A1 Channel.
· The LED turns on the chosen response for the system.
· A1 is high signal.
· A1 high out is represented as the system being ON shown by the LED. AO is the low output represented as the system being OFF.
This is where the information from the Arduino that is used in the diagram is needed to complete the process happening within the system. With the new recorded data an output is made by the system to determine the choice selected at the given moment within the heating system. The pseudo code for the heating system software follows underneath;
5 (Technological competitiveness)
To conclude this paper within the research undertaken; it has been shown that there are more logical ways to solve many of these types of older system solutions for the heating homes using IOT or business and home-based security IOT systems.
Developers can also still use older solutions for home security but must improve them with the systems that are being used. This is a chance for some new developers to make their mark with new solutions for problems found in all IOT systems. The older models we still use as shown earlier in this paper are not just for reference; but used and developed to maintain the high standards from the past that we still apply today. There will always be a need to improve systems for everything in the times ahead, for business or commercial usage to run smoothly. The research in this paper has found that designs for homes of the future; home automation will be the model of the building design or layout for this to happen very soon indeed. In fact, it has been suggested that, “Smart homes and home automation are popular topics, referring to devices and appliances in the home environment that can be controlled automatically in an intelligent manner.” (Yung-Wei Kao, 2012). This means that many of these new ideas will be implemented and will need to work efficiently, effectively and to reduce cost and increase productivity.
To also help new developers improve the service or safety solutions for improvement within all IOT technology trends, data encryption, data storage and safe transfer of data; there will be a niche for IOT in this type of development. According to (Huang et al, 2015) “the important meaning of these products is that they can be easily used, so the data can be automatically gathered and analysed on the cloud. The gathered quantified data make the powerful Big Data analysis applicable and hidden patterns obvious”. This is a very important indicator that the data compiled is valuable to whoever is collecting it.
In the field of developers securing IOT; this is a major factor that solutions may prove to be very unpredictable and have had no time to be proven to be better than existing models; the impact of many new solutions being rushed into the world because of the demand of the user is yet to be seen or tested. Developers of software or hardware within IOT may well offer a new way for the systems to run better or to protect personal data; thus, will allow more standards to be created to protect business and public sectors. The services relied on and offered to the public can be the best at the time before always being improved on if need be. By 2020 there will be 50 billion connected devices according to Cisco (Anderson, 2014).
The use of digital products used by consumers in everyday life, will society accept these products and the barriers to making easy to use products made for an aging population. Media coverage of the Russian cyber security attacks on NHS firewalls is a reminder of the vulnerabilities the use of information technology has. Government and commercial organisations may produce their own privacy-compromising intrusions when using IOT, ideally protecting themselves from spyware, malware, trojans and worms (Anderson, 2014).
This is an interesting point as more evidence suggests that within the field of IOT, the education of consumers is a grey area. Companies and real user’s levels of understanding IOT are very different, the understanding they have of such products, systems and technology is limited. This will cause more scepticism because the world may not be ready for this change and because of a lack of understanding. A lot of work will have to be done to make all users of systems or products become smarter and user friendly. Storey (2014) states that “Without one set of standards uniting the ‘connected everything’ industry, devices will be developed with differing and potentially incompatible levels of security. This has some very significant implications.” Hence the importance of standardisation which is paramount the success of such devices being compatible globally.
To conclude this article for Ray-Intelli, the IOT it is not as tightly regulated as other industries. The IEEE standards cannot be applied to every part of the world because of the different infrastructures established.