in light of this assumption, Dough Boy
conforms to the social standards of his community, which within the context of
the ‘hood’, could lead to prestige, security, and social status.
Theorists within the Chicago School also bring about the Differential Association Theory and the Social Learning Theory. These theories are interrelated and can help to
better understand the relationship between Ricky,
Doughboy, and Tre. To illustrate, Ricky will be further discussed as he seems to best illustrate these theories. Even though Ricky and Doughboy are brothers,
they display very distinct personality traits. Ricky is extremely talented and is offered a University football scholarship,
while Dougboy is the thug of the
group. Since Ricky is offered a
scholarship, he understands that he must conform to new higher standards of
conduct and behaviour. For example, when
Ricky meets with the representative
for the University, he dresses in formal attire and is able to present himself
respectfully. Even though this behaviour is out of
his norm, Ricky understands that he needs to adopt new behaviours that are not
as familiar to him. This can be referred to as behaviour
modification. Further, Ricky understands and accepts that he
must stay out of trouble and study for his SAT’s which
is also out of his cultural norm and which Furious believes to be “culturally biased” (Singleton, 1991).
is clear that Ricky’s character is greatly
influenced by his social surrounding. His relationship with Tre and Furious has a significant
impact on his character and well-being, whereby together Tre and Ricky set goals
for the future and plan on opening a business together. However, when Ricky is with his brother Doughboy
he engages in violent confrontations, as is seen when they get involved in a
shooting with a rival gang. This illustrates that the criminal behaviour is
learned, and a result of Ricky’s
relationship with his brother. At the same time, Ricky also learns a new set of values and behaviours through his
interactions with Tre, Furious, and the University Representative.
This further exemplifies the social control theory, and is seen when Furious attempts to teach these boys how
to behave in certain social situations. Thus, Ricky
learns to adapt to separate norms and values depending on the people and
situations that are present in his life.