Theory Krumboltz (2009), “The Happenstance Learning Theory (HLT) is

Theory of Happenstance Approach refers to the unplanned use of events to generate employment opportunities. John Krumboltz who is a career theorist began to develop this theory in the late 1990s after seeing anxiety in career development in fact giving clients the opportunity to benefit from unplanned events. In this case, the Happenstance Approach Theory affects the idea that opportunity events can play an important role in the individual career of the event throughout their lives and determine success. According to Krumboltz (2009), “The Happenstance Learning Theory (HLT) is an attempt to explain how and why individuals track their different paths through life and to know how counselors can overcome the process.”  The primary premise that support this theory suggested that chance events over one’s life span can have both positive and negative consequences. An individual may learn about an interesting job from acquaintance. For example: Losing a job as a result of outsourcing only to find a better one. This view is very important during the economic crisis, when individuals are often challenged to change directions to retain or retrieve jobs. The pressure of the economic crisis further supported the proposal by Blustein (2006, 2008), Krumboltz (1993), and Zunker (2008) that the difference between career and personal counseling is artificial and unnecessary. Not only economic pressures can cause financial hardship but actual threats or losses may result in significant psychological pressures and disruption to family relationships. Naturally, some life events have negative consequences for career development, for example the illness or death of a loved one. Unpredictable social factors, environmental conditions, and chance events over – life span are to be recognized as important influences in clients’ lives. The Happenstance Learning Theory (HLT) proposes a model of career counseling that helps clients build more personal lives and satisfying work. While reflective listening remains an important part of this process, HLT is an action-oriented approach to helping clients create and utilize unplanned events. Success is measured not by what happened during a counseling interview but with client experience in the real world during and after counseling. They will gathered learning outcomes such as skills, interests, knowledge, trust, preferences, sensitivity, emotion, and future action. The are five (5) personal characteristics of client who has potential opportunities and ultimately increase the chances of getting a job:1. Curiosity – one explore learning opportunities and take advantage of options offered by chance events.2. Persistence – stay true to their goals despite potential obstacles in their way. 3. Flexibility – To describe how one learns to address a variety of circumstances and events by adapting and adjusting as events untold4. Optimism – Implies a positive attitude when pursuing new opportunities.Thus, positive actions can be productive in a changing workplace when one seeks a new or different career.5. Risk-taking – In this context may be necessary during unexpected and new events.Example: client are to learn that risk taking can result in positive outcomes for career development such as finding a more secure job. Krumboltz suggests that when an individual can focus on these personality traits and develop them over time, then they will have the ability to capitalize on chance events which occur to them. Coincidence becomes opportunity. The Happenstance Learning Theory (HLT) is a conceptual framework continuing career counseling to include creation and change events are not designed to be opportunities for learning. The purpose of the planned intervention is to helping customers to generate, recognize and combine opportunities events into their career development. The word is designed events “have been deliberately united as an oxymoron. Client must plan to generate and receive opportunities. Strong component of the designed event is to facilitate client actions to generate and anticipate possibility of opportunity. The design of the emergence theory should not be confused with magical thinking or dependence luck. Customers do not necessarily wander through experience initiated by others temporarily waiting “knocking” at the door. They need to learn to take action to produce and look for opportunities (Mitchell, Levin, & Krumboltz, 1999).