The conceptual definition is a
perception that connects it to the abstract perceptive. It describes that a
description given to a set object or thought is a measurable feature which separates
it from other objects. According to Liebler, Porter, Fernandez, Noon, and
Ennis, (2017) the conceptual definition is a comprehensive account of
unjustifiable phenomena with the actual utilization of the particular terms or
ideas. It also encompasses identifying what is meant when specific terms are
used in the research findings. It can be referred as the intellectual procedure
that points clear and unclear ideas as well as providing the definite meaning.
This also includes a detailed description and explanation of the gauges to be
used to quantify the idea of the scope.
The definition of operational is the
depiction of an investigational process for the generation of the variable into
a measurement or the numerical value. This concept involves the methods that
researchers use to resolve and measure the specific factors. In one sense, the
operational definition in research is more categorical since it does not take into
account of the study but link itself with it (Macartney, Bishaw, &
Fontenot, (2013). Typically, it points out the particulars of the procedures
used in quantifying the variables under the investigation. It then outlines all
the operations in the category of the manipulation essential in finding out the
existence of the object in a clear manner.
The conceptualization of the
variable race is the comprehending of the consideration that is important to
realize before understanding the application of the variables. In this view,
the conceptualization of the race is assumed to be the rational process of
driving at the meaning of the race. Therefore, the entirety of this concept is
based on the social construct as opposed to the biological perception (Ríos,
Romero, & Ramírez. 2014). The implied definition of the race and it’s
nature mold the racial attitudes of people. Whatever an individual thinks about
nature and race tells us what the social concept is. The purpose is to identify
diverse scopes of which results in different categories.
It involves pinpointing or more fixed,
observable events in the way that other researchers can self-reliably test and
record themselves. In this view, scientists use the race variable as an
identifier to illustrates and classify the populations (Ríos et al.,
2014).Therefore, to operationalize race, it implies the process of categorizing
individuals in respect to social status notably working class or regarding the
color of a person’s skin. It can also be defined by grouping individuals by
their languages for the racial address, such as Indians and Asians. Therefore,
the operationalizing race is understood as the way of looking into the world at
the wider angle.
There are a lot of number change adjustments
that the Bureau made to operationalize and conceptualize the race in 2000
census. First, it is evident that the
office of Management and Budget revised its criteria for the cataloging of the
ethnicity and race in 1997 which permitted the minimum of five classes of the
data on race, which include: Asian, Africans, Americans, Alaska Native and
American. Also, the similar office also accepted the growth of the sixth
grouping commonly known as “Some Other Race”, to take care of the interests of
the respondents who were not included in the original five classes.
There were also notable changes that
were made in the wording of Hispanic origin question. It is understood that the
initial question was “is this an individual Latino/ Spanish /Hispanic?” Which was modified to “is this an individual
of Spanish, Latino or Hispanic origin?” (Liebler, et al., 2007). It also
pointed out that the questions concerning non-Hispanics were later abandoned.
Therefore, there was an inclusion of the Hispanic origin that was not formerly
included in the 2000 census. Also, the questionnaire that was used in 2010
census, three areas were included in which the respondents provided detailed
information regarding their race which later incorporated fifteen distinct
response categories (Liebler et al., 2007).
Following these changes, several words phrases were also changed. For
example, the popular notion “spot one or more boxes to find out what this
person assumes him/herself to be” was changed into “spot one or two boxes.”
Lastly, the change was made to the
origin and race of the Hispanic. According to Macartney et al. (2013), this
included annexation of one area in which the participants were required to
cover the particular Hispanic ancestry group apart from the five response
distinct categories. It is noted that in the first class, the respondents who
failed to identify their race were demanded to fill their credentials there.
However, the other responses which included Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Cuba
were required to write down the answers that were combined to come up with
category of Hispanic for the Office of Management and Budget.
for the Change
amendment was meant to broaden the scope to create a distinct identity for the
individuals during 2000 census instead of remaining so broad. However, the
agreement for the inclusion of the “Some Other Races” was carried out to take
care of the population that failed to identify the Official Five category for
the data and race (Macartney et al., 2013). Therefore, alterations were made to
make sure that the race of each person was counted correctly. Additionally, the
amendment of the Hispanic question was meant to make sure the data collection was
more accurate and inclusive. Lastly, the efforts to revise race and ancestry of
Hispanics aimed to highlight more diverse communities.
Changes in Variables Affects Conclusion
The changing of the operationalization of the variable “race” is likely
to results into various summations regarding race depending on how the concept
is being stated. In essence, the variation in the assortment processes of the
racial diversity would lead to the different conclusions. Macartney et al.,
2013). On the other hand, the variation in operationalizing race would lead to
different perceptions about the race, depending on the individual know of it.
For example, if the office of the Management and Budget would not have included
more categories, the findings of the race would have been off or inconclusive
in their study. Therefore, including more groups allowed the census to be more
accurate as opposed to the idea of having many races categorized as the single
From the issues stated in this discussion, it
is apparent that Bureau’s operationalization conceptualization do no correspond
with mine. Viewing Bureau’s 2000 census
at a more critical angle, the amendments that we effected to operationalize and
conceptualize the race, did not meet the threshold of the right context and
manner (Liebler et al., 2007). It did not meet the accuracy standards that is
required because of the uncertainty in the category of “Some Other Races” which
was added to the census. The Bureau made some remarkable changes during 2000
census, given several changes that were implemented. They should not have ended
at that, because there is a reason for expanding their scope of operationalization
and conceptualization; so that they can produce precise, reliable, accurate and
useful results in the next census.