The that about 80% of all doctors visits involves


The Mental Health Foundation
defines emotional health as, “a positive state of wellbeing which enables
an individual to be able to function in society and meet the demands of
everyday life”. When Mental
health issues is notjust a discussion about an individual’s thought process but
also it takes an holistic approach of also including the individual’s  feelings and its effect on the individual as such.
A cyclical effect, where Emotionally stressed individual is vulnerable and it has
an enormous effect  on both mental and
physical health. Jenny Florence, author of   7 Steps to Spiritual
Empathy, The Intelligence of Emotion says that “both our mental health and our
physical health are actually reliant upon our emotional well-being. They are
underpinned by our emotional health”. She also says that emotional health
defines one’s action and acts as 
navigational system in the society defining the Individual .

In early
1901, Freud in his book ‘ the Psychopathology of Everyday” clearly outlines the
relationship between the repressed emotion and physical symptoms and also how
the emotion influences cognition.. Coughlin Della Selva, (2006) says that ‘we
seem to repeatedly forget and then re-discover that our emotional state
directly impacts our physical health’. Similarly, in 1968 Wolff and Goodell,
have studied about the specific physiological responses to emotional activation.
Growing researches on Physical and Mental well being are also supporting the
whole notion  that emotional and physical
health is directly and reciprocally related to one another and that about 80%
of all doctors visits involves a social emotional problem compared to only  to physical ailment. A recent study in UK by Reid,
et al, 2001 nearly half of the referrals and one fifth of surgical referrals ended
up in no medical finding but rather led to the unprecedented high level of
emotional burnout involving anhuge cost leading to referrals to emotionally
focussed sessions to  reduce the
staggering cost to the system.

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A research
by Pennebaker in the year 1997 has concluded that the individuals who repress
their emotions parallel also  suppresses  their immune system making them vulnerable to
all kinds of illness starting from a small cold to cancer. Itis also observed
that the iIndividuals who find it difficult to manage their emotions also end
up neglecting their physical health and hasa history of substance abuse,
disrupted sleep patterns, not seeking medical treatment, zero positive productivity,
anti social behaviour and self injurious behaviour resulting in affecting the developmental
construct of the country’s economy and society.

The immigrants reaction and response to the  new society they just landed  is very dynamic. It is characterised by  an initial period of happiness followed by stressful
periods and the change in their scio economic impact their health in an adverse
way which if un answered will end uo reflecting in the average common
population too .  According to Brenner, 1995; Kessler et al.,
1987; Ying & Akustsu, 1995 also says that unemployment or underemployment affects
psychological well-being. Need to survive and the stress due to finance
constraint has its effect on the individual during the intial settlement period
(deVoretz, 1995). unemployment jeopardises and affect new  immigrants and their welbeing (Beiser et al.,
1993; Caplan, Whitmore, & Choy, 1989; Selten & Sijben, 1994;
Westermeyer, 1989),.

 A study on Hmong refugees in Minnesota  by Westermeyer,Vang, & Neider in the year 1983
resulted in explaining that unemployment has  considerable effect on the mental health
during the initial phase of resettlement. Earlier a  positive relationship was described  between employment and depressive symptoms
among recent migrants  but it  was recalled a few years later owing to its failure
of supporting established theories. Westermeyer also said that employment was less
imperative due to the sponsorship programs in the early settlement years but it
became a dire necessity and a influenced the wellbeing of the immigrant when
all the social program support ran out.

.A recent  study , Emotional problems among recent immigrants
and parenting status: Findings from a national longitudinal study of immigrants
in Canada by  Browne ,
Kumar,Puente-Duran, Georgiades, Leckie, and Jenkins, documents that there is a notable increase in emotional problems among
the represented grouop of f immigrants 2 years post immigrationin Canada where,
1 in 3 Canadian immigrants  is reported
having emotional problems. This study says thatone of  the most vulnereable group are Parents and single
parents who reported having emotional problems when compared to non-parents..This
study also conluded that the females were more vulnerable to emotional problems
six months after immigration and at a faster rate than the male immigrants. It
has also been recorded  that
Socioeconomic disparities is one of the major cause affecting the health of the
North American immigrant population although this is not evident the initial 6
months post-migration but the effect of monthly income has its effect on emotional
problems suggesting that this income disparities do  influence the emotional wellbeing at a greater
level within 2 years of post immigration. The above study  also suggests that an additional research is
needed to determine and explain the relationship between enotional wellbeing
and pre-immigration socioeconomic status and also how can the host country support
immigrants who are resettling with their  dependents.

The effects of socioeconomic status on
mental, emotional and physical health are complex and multifaceted. They
operate through variety of mechanisms including access to resources, health
related behaviours, and psychosocial stress . After decades of research, Beiser
says that  the emotional health and
wellbeing of all immigrants will be best supported in societies where our
political representatives lead with the values of inclusion, tolerance and  embracing the cultural diversity. He also
adds that it is the responsibility of host nations to move policy initiatives
beyond the adjudication of immigrant candidacy but towards the provision of
support fostering healthy resettlement of families and  the success of societies.

immigration program is purely based on non-discriminatory principles.The foreign
nationals are meticulously assessed without any regard to race, nationality,
ethnic origin, colour, religion or gender. Canada receives its immigrant
population from almost 200 countries. of origin. The Philippines, India and
China are still among Canada’s top source countries for permanent immigration.

The  study on Emotional problems encountered by the recent immigrants and parenting
status: Findings from a national longitudinal study of immigrants in Canada reveals that South Asians and East Asians has
initially  repoetred of havin lower emotional
problems  in relation to  White immigrants . But in longer period the
reports of having  emotional problems has
considerably  increased for visible
minority immigrants except Latin & Filipino when compared to White