The British interest in establishing colonies was influenced by the theory of mercantilism. This theory convinced nations to concentrate on the balance of trade since a decent balance meant that more gold was coming in than going out. By the mid- 1600s, the American colonies were fulfilling their role. England was shipped large amounts of raw materials from the colonists, such as lumber, furs, fish, and tobacco.In 1606, Jamestown, Virginia became the very first permanent English settlement. A group of wealthy London businessmen petitioned King James I to create a colony in the “NewWorld.” When they came to the New World, they developed the Joint Stock Company where they paid for people’s trip over to their new land. One of the men from this wealthy group, John Rolf, decided to grow tobacco and weed together and it ended up becoming a cash crop. He ended up marrying Pocahontas which kind of caused a “Love/ Hate” relationship between the two cities. Powahatan’s people felt as though Rolf had taken Pocahontas under her will and forced her to marry him.The governor of Jamestown began to tax people and they was wondering how their money was being spent- spent of nonsense. Nathaniel Bacon, representing for the farmers and regular people, wanted Governor Berkley to use some of the money to fight off the Indians. He refused, so Bacon and the rest of the people decided to lead a rebellion and destroy Jamestown. Because of the big money being made, some sort of order had to be put in place. They came up with the House of Burgesses which was the very first representative government.Mercantilism is the theory that the Earth has a limited supply of wealth and natural resources, so they created the Navigation Act (favored by the King) to keep England’s own colonies from competing with their mother country by mandating three fundamental criteria for Trans- Atlantic trade. The Trans-Atlantic Trade was a route taken to acquire money for Great Britain by using goods created in the new world. At first, labor needs were first filled through the use of indentured servants and then later by permanently enslaved Africans. The Middle Passage was the most gruesome leg of the Trans-Atlantic Trade. This piece dealt with the transporting of slaves from Western Africa to the new world. Two out of every 10 slaves died on this voyage. As farmers made more and more money from the cash crops, the number of slaves needed grew.