The journalists in tactical units; the experiment was considered

The military wants favourable coverage
of the several military operations
undertaken in parts of Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa and Fata, but reporters have
difficulties dealing with their
uniformed hosts.
Gen Pervez Kayani’s visit to Swat
some time ago highlights the issue. Local
journalists were informed about the
visit on May 22, and they rushed to Bari Kot
where the army chief was inaugurating a
bridge on the River Swat.
What followed, however, was irritating.
Only 10 journalists were allowed to attend
the high-profile event, which the rest
found unacceptable. Eventually, journalists
left the venue, leaving their cameramen
to cover the event. The token strike
continued for a couple of weeks until
an ISPR official regretted the incident.
This was not the only incident of its
kind. Other incidents have ended in violence.
Last September, some army personnel
allegedly thrashed a private television
channel’s reporter as a result of
which he ended up in hospital with head injuries.
This was followed by a three-month
boycott by journalists, which ended after an
army official visited the local press
club to mend fences.
Traditional interventions such as these
as may work, but the security forces have
yet to learn how to handle journalists
professionally and responsibly. As a Swat
journalist told this writer with
reference to one event, “Journalists were issued
special passes only after repeated
requests, and I felt quite embarrassed when a
soldier at a check point threw away my
pass and told me to go back.”
By and large, militaries feel ill at
ease when media personnel are around. During
the Iraq war, the US military embedded
journalists in tactical units; the
experiment was considered a success.
Articles 2 .

Since Pakistan has been indulged in war
for past 10 years, it created a space for
a very significant debate in many areas
of Pakistan on requirement for the construction of
counter-extremist narrative. Apart from
giving credit to the people involved in the process,
one must understand and know the
per-requiste for the success of this process . There are a
lot of questions that could be asked
and the process but most importantly it must be
investigated that whether the NGOs.
could create such a discourse which could inculcate
these narratives among the masses
without the help of the state.
1. It is known all over the world that
proper policies are required in order to make an
impact on individuals or groups to
empower them or suppress them and there
schemes creates narratives for
individuals or groups in that society that later move
on. In order to create a basic or
well-established information among the masses, it is
more effective to use institutions
which would construct knowledge and give proper
tools to spread information which would
help in building a proper narrative. For
past many years, different states have
created and found ways to create dominant

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institutions with greater capacity and
monopolized their knowledge to spread
organized and self-interested
information to carry out their motives.
As a student of History, one can
speculate and analyze the pre-dominant narratives
created in Pakistan right after it’s
creation. To get political legitimacy, defining a
nationhood and concentration of
resources, the political leaders created a
homogeneous religious narrative among
the masses, which homogenized the
interpretation of Islam, making it more
rigid. This not only initiated objectification
of women, suppression of minorities,
marginalization of religious groups but also
give legitimacy to the people in the
Nationalization was another narrative
created right after creation which is still the
main seed of our roots. A specific
interpretation of nationhood has been enforced on
the masses which was inclined more
towards the terrritorial integrity, power politics,
concentration of power and security dia
lemma that further gave space to the laws
that exempted the social, cultutral,
historical identities but gave a single nationalistic
identity which was created by
manipulatory the history, created a single isolated
worldview and developed eliot
oligarchy. Suppression of political movement,
Vacuming the voices of the minorities
and pushing of democratic process under the
blanket was justified through the
It is very easy for a reasonable person
to observe, print out and understand the
impact of these narratives on the
behaviour of the society, media and most
importantly on the state policies. All
these narratives are easily permeated through
the use of media.

In mass communication studies we find
this concept of media framing in well-
established form. Media has always been
playing the most important in constructing

a specific public opinion and this fact
has been proved in many researches said by
Herman and Chomsky in their books in
Lippmann, West and Turner.
In years of research regarding media
significantly very little focus has been
given on framing of news and most
importantly the political consequences of this

The political stakeholders like
politicians, political parties etc
play pivotal role in representative
democracy through maintaining link
between people and those having
political powers. In this way,
establishment of political power
structure and various interests of
citizens are balanced. Formation of
public opinion and mobilization are
caused due to involvement of media,
political institutions and other