The in the act of piracy. Further in 2011,

The threat of piracy poses a
complex set of challenges for the governments and the businesses likely to be
affected by it. Major concerns over the damage caused through piracy to global
trade and impediment to the delivery of shipments grew in 2005 when various
International Organizations decided to join hands to eradicate the pirate
attacks. Witnessing the failure of the Somali government to prevent a surge in
piracy, a resolution was passed by the UN Security Council on 20th
November, 2008 calling upon the capable countries to deploy naval vessels and
aircrafts in the affected region to fight piracy. This was followed by an
International Conference held on 10th and 11th December
organized by United Nations Political Affair on Somalia which discussed the ever
increasing acts of piracy and measures to stop the same. Realizing the need for
a stern step to deal with this problem, a tougher resolution was adopted on 17th
December, 2008 by the UN Security Council allowing International land and sea
occupations in pursuit of the pirates. On April, 2010, UN Security Council vouched
for a more effective anti-piracy measure as no major decline in pirate attacks
was seen. Through this resolution it called upon the countries to fully
criminalize piracy and pointed towards a possibility of establishment of
regional and international tribunals for the prosecution of the persons
involved in the act of piracy. Further in 2011, the UN Security Council called
for more international support for Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government
and other regional authorities in Somalia for creating counter-piracy measures
including special courts, laws, prisons and policing capabilities. This was
inspired by the Resolution of 1976 which encouraged regional and federal actors
to engage in more effective marine resource defense against illegal fishing and
hazardous waste dumping in the waters under jurisdiction. It is pertinent to
mention here the role of UNDPA (United Nations Department of Political Affairs)
which is an active participant in the International Contact Group on Piracy off
the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS) which is the main international forum for
countering piracy. Also, UN has initiated a political mission in Somalia in
coordination with the UNDPA which focuses on promoting a political stability
and rule of laws in Somalia. These measures taken up by the UN have proven to
be effective given the major decline in the pirate attacks since 2011. The international community has
continued to support Somali Government in its effort to deliver commitments
outlined in the Vision 2016, but still a lot of efforts need to be put in the
country for State-building. UN should continue its efforts to strengthen Somali
and other pirate affected countries in building capacity to prosecute pirates. Containing
or ignoring Somalia and its problems is not an option that will end well. It is
indispensable that more and more nations seek an active role in eliminating
Somali Piracy and criminalize piracy on the basis of international laws as
excogitated in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.1 There is a need to
strengthen central government in Somalia. An efficacious government in charge
of the country will help restore stability, peace, bring forth job
opportunities and prosperity for its citizens and furbish up political and
military security in the region. International community shall also work
towards helping the World Food Program and other humanitarian agencies to
enable them food and other humanitarian aid to the people of Somalia. Moreover,
the numerous naval warships and vessels patrolling the waters of Somalia should
be on the scout for foreign ships dumping waste and those illegally fishing. If
any of these ships are found culpable they should be arrested and tried for the
same. There need to be established tribunal in the region for trying captured
Somali pirates and people guilty of illegal toxic waste dumping. Furthermore,
internal conflicts of Somalia are right away related with the piracy at sea.
Somalia is a failed state, but it is not a failed society. It is also essential
that the international community excogitate a plan to ensure that the supply of
food aid to Somalia is not interrupted. Somalian people must be considered and
listened to by international community whenever deciding the policies of Somalia.
Piracy can never be fully eliminated, but it can be controlled and restricted.
Children of Somalia can be educated and supported, so that they never have to
become a pirate again like their harbinger. 


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