The effect of income poverty on household food security has been a policy concern over the past. Li and Yun (2010:386) report that income poverty remains the most influential aspect affecting household food security in everyday lives. Lack of income and food are some of the problems that households continuously face and have to deal with (Li and Yu 2010:386). According to Madzivhandila (2010:1) the majority of households are exposed to a variety of income poverty that continuously persists in aggravating the level of food security in South Africa. In the light of exposure to lack of sustainable income, households have commonly adopted different strategies to ensure food security. However, the strategies that households adopt do not necessarily reduce the income poverty concentration but instead introduce them to ways of food security that broaden the scope of their exposure (Brummet, Gockwski, Pouomogne 2011:811).Limpopo Province is one of the nine provinces of South Africa that is more rural than urban in terms of population distribution. According to the Community Survey of 2007, 88% of the population in the province is based in rural areas (Statistics South Africa, 2007). In such rural areas, securing food is still a core challenge for every day survival. In light of this context, the strategies that people in Limpopo adopt have dealt with income and food production based on agricultural practices. Evidence of this scenario is Ga-Ramokgopa village, located in Molemole Municipality. The village has a high rate of income poverty and people are faced with many risks, such as lack of food security and debts. The proposed study intends to explore the effects of income poverty on household food security at Ramokgopa village. (Statistics South Africa, 2007)1.2 Research topics/focus of the studyThe scope of the study will be a small village called Ga-Ramokgopa village in Capricorn district, situated in Limpopo province. Ga-Ramokgopa village is a relatively a small village of about 4000 households and estimated 10 000 of the population, thus not all households will be the target population, only randomly selected households will be interviewed. The head of the household will be the main subjects of the study who will be the delegated respondents of the households as they are the ones who could possibly share how their families are surviving.1.3 The problem statementSouth Africa is facing a major challenge and dealing with some pressing issues such as food insecurity, poverty and hunger. Recent evidence shows that there is more than 14 million people that are vulnerable to food insecurity (Naido 2010:53). Naido (2010:53) highlighted that in South Africa the nature and scaled of food security differs between rural and urban areas and that the largest number of food insecure people live in rural areas. In this context, it points out that the rural areas are more affected than the urban areas (Naido 2010:53). Naido (2010) also points out those rural areas that are affected by food insecurity accounts for 70 per cent of the country’s poorest household. Furthermore, Naido (2010) states that the problem with securing food is not because of the availability of food but the access to food at household level depends more on stable demand or purchasing power (Naido 2010:53)According to Babatunde and Qaim (2010:303), reducing food insecurity and income poverty in developing countries is still continuing to be a major challenge. The recent hikes of food prices contribute to greater public awareness of hunger related problems, they also result in new commitment by the international countries to invest in developing the country’s agriculture. (Babatunde and Qaim 2010:303).Achieving household food security is a critical component in meeting that objective. Access to food is essential to the well-being of human development. Even though South Africa is food secure as a country, a large number of households within the country are foods insecure. Social grants have played an important role in improving household food security since 2001, but it is also important that there should be improvement in employment status as it is one of the important factor of food security Altman, (Hart and Jacobs 2009:345) . Altman, Hart and Jacobs (2009) states that it is probable that reliance on grants will continue, if not increase at once. Redistribution through income transfers is essential in a highly unequal society with high unemployment. It is also essential that creative and meaningful solutions are found to be drawing marginalized work-seekers in to economic participation as part of a long term poverty reduction and food security strategy (Altman et al 2009:345).Food insecure and low-income household are more vulnerable to food prices shocks because they spend a higher share of their income on food.Additional factors that have recently come into play and drive the cost of food has worsened the problem of household food insecurity. While there is still a problem of unemployment, rising food prices pose a serious problem for the rural poor as most are net buyers of food. What’s worse, the food and agriculture organization (FAO 2009) indicate that food prices will increase steadily over the next decade even if there are some fluctuations and the occasional drop in prices. The link and changes between the local level, national and international commodity chains and economic networks affects even rural household in South Africa. There should be implementation of how policy directions or else the poor household will increasingly be forced to allocate a greater proportion of their expenditure to food (Altman, Hart and Jacobs 2009:347). HSRC in Altman, Hart and Jacobs (2009) highlights that South Africa faces a structural household food insecurity problem, the prime cause which are widespread chronic poverty and unemployment (Altman, Hart and Jacobs 2009:347).