Table of Contents Introduction1 Type chapter title

Table of Contents
Introduction1
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Type chapter title (level 1)4
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Type chapter title (level 1)4
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Introduction
This assignment provides a discussion on the characters in both movies provided which are the Dead Poet Society and Good Will Hunting. A summary of the relevant characters in the movies and comparison between the ethics of characters will be discussed in this assignment. Utilitarianism, universalism, justice, egoism, and virtue will be discussing in this assignment as well.
Summary of the Relevant Characters in the Dead Poets Society
The Dead Poets Society is a drama film directed by Peter Weir at 1989. It tells a story of an unconventional English teacher who inspires his students through his teaching of poetry in a school named Welton Academy. The movie’s script was written by Tom Schulman which based on his experiences at the Montgomery Bell Academy and he was inspired by his teacher to write this scripts.
In the movie, Robin Williams acts as John Keating, the main character who is an English teacher in Welton Academy. Mr. Keating uses his unconventional ideas to disclaim the 4 pillar of Welton Academy and represents the ongoing ideas that were rejected in the 1950s New England. He is an ex-student of Welton Academy who has already lost many of his jobs before he joins the academy as an unconventional English teacher. He was able to attract the students by asking the students to call him as “Oh captain, my captain” and attract the faculty by encouraging them to develop their own way of walking, ask them to stand on their desks and rip their textbook during the classes. He encourages his students to view English and poet as something that is essential for life in order for them to build up interest on it. The students initially feel doubtful of him, but they have learned to trust him when he persuades the students to revive the secret of “Dead Poets Society”. The ethical theories that I intend to use is utilitarianism.
Another character is Neil Perry, a talented young boy who dreams to become an actor. He is too fearful and lack of courage to face his stone-hearted father who want him to become doctor. Hence, Mr. Keating helps him to understand his true aspiration and the ways to face his family by telling them his real dreams. Neil is forced to go to Harvard University to become a doctor by his father after he participates himself in a Midsummer Night’s Dream which against his father’s will. Neil chooses to commit suicide in the movie and his death shocked all his friends and Mr. Keating is unfaithfully being charge of indirectly causing his death. The ethical theory I intend to use on this character is egoism. Todd Anderson, another character in the movie. Todd is a new student at Welton Academy. He is an introverted person who did not know how to express his desires in front of his parents. Neil decides to reach out Todd and encourage him to stand up for himself in front of his parents. Todd decides to speak out against Mr. Nolan and express his view in front of him after Neil’s suicide case happened. The ethical theory that I intend to use on Todd is justice.
Meanwhile, Mr. Gale Nolan is a traditionalist Headmaster of Welton Academy who aims to establish the 4 pillars of the institution into the students’ minds. Mr. Keating’s unconventional ways is against with Mr. Nolan’s ideals, hence he always look for a way to suspend Mr. Keating from the school. Finally, he successfully suspends Mr. Keating by making him as the scapegoat of Neil’s dead and he forces all members of Dead Poets Society to confirm that Mr. Keating is the one who supposed to be responsible for what had happened. Mr. Nolan represents the theme of tradition in the movie and at the end of the movie; he appears old and powerless when most of the students fight against his ideals. Furthermore, Richard Cameron is one of the students who idolize Mr. Nolan’s traditionalist view and he carries the pillar of tradition in the beginning of the movie. He is brutally accepted into the dead Poets society but he does not fully support the ideas because he considers it as against the school code. In order to maintain his position at the school, he blamed Mr. Keating for Neil’s suicide. His character is someone who blind obedience and compliance tradition. Universalism is used in Mr. Nolan and Richard’s character.

Summary of the Relevant Characters in the Good Will Hunting
The movie Good Will Hunting is directed by Gus Van Sant at year 1997, written by Affleck and Damon. This movie delivers an intellectually and emotionally fulfilling story. The story and nice moments of the authors Matt Damon (Will) and Ben Affleck (Chuckie) is added into the movie. The real friendship of Damon and Affleck is reflected into daily routine of the characters.
The main character of Good Will of Hunting is Will Hunting. He is a 20 year old unrecognized genius who lives at South Boston. Will works as a janitor at M.I.T under the support of the Parole Employment Program. One day, while he is swabbing floors at the main hallway, he solved the difficult theorems on a chalkboard and manages to catch Professor Gerry Lambeau, the Nobel Prize winner attention. He becomes a client of a therapist and studies advanced mathematics with Professor Lambeau as part of a deferred prosecution agreement after he assault a police officer. Will rethinks his relationship with his girlfriend, his best friend and himself through his therapy sessions. He faces the significant task of manage his past and thinking about his future. Egoism is used in Will Hunting. A best friend of Will Hunting named Chuckie who is a pretty humorous guy in his own right. He is most loyal friend to Will. In Chuckie’s mind, Will is an insult to all men who work in the construction. He always stand by Will side when he is in trouble. He hopes that Will can have his own way of living and really happy for Will when he finally decided to get out of their neighborhood and see the world beyond it. Justice is the best to describe Chuckie.
Prof. Gerald Lambeau is a well rounded character in the movie. His main focus in life is success and repute where has become the reasons for him to put on a conflict with Sean Maguire who he hired to teach Will Hunting. The main reason he hired Maguire because he want him to help Will to keep out of flight and focus on Mathematics. He always not happy with Maguire because he wants Will to decide his own view of success instead of follow what Lambeau want him to be. He always want Will to follow what he want him to do and finally he feel upset because Will throw away what he being gifted to go to California. Universalism can be use in Lambeau character. Moreover, Sean Maguire is another character in the movie. He is hired by Lambeau to help Will to deal with a lot of emotional scare that have been left behind by the brutal abuse that he suffered during his childhood. He manages to consult Will to get of the flight. Maguire has learned as much things or living experiences from Will as Will does from him. After the death of his wife, Will is the one who teach Maguire to move on and continue to have new experiences with the time that he has. I intend to use utilitarianism and virtue on Sean Maguire.
Compare and Construct of the Ethics of the Characters
The ethic of the Mr. Keating from the Dead Poets Society and Sean Maguire from the Good Will Hunting is utilitarianism. Both characters have the same characteristic in the movies where they both are listener and motivator. They are flexible in decision making and they only will judge a person based on the reasons and possible outcomes. Mr. Keating, an English teacher who want to help his students to go for their own dream and want them to see poet as an essential of life in order to put on interest on it. He never forces his students to listen to him but he managed to attract the students and make them build confident on him. Sean Maguire, a therapist hired by Lambeau to help Will Hunting to go through the tough time he met during his childhood and focus on the Mathematics. He never force Will to follow what Lambeau want him to be but he always ask Will to go for his own dreams and live on his own way. Compare to Mr. Keating, Sean Maguire has another ethic which Mr. Keating does not have which is virtue. A virtue ethical theory can be seen on Maguire characteristic when he ask Will live like what he want and he provides some guidance to him on how he should do in the movie. Utilitarianism is a consequential approach and virtue is non-consequential approach where utilitarianism focuses on the intentions rather than the outcomes but virtue focuses on the outcomes rather than the intentions. From the characters, Mr. Keating is more focus on the results where he intent to find out the secret of Dead Poet Society and to help his students to learn English but Maguire focus on the result which how Will decides his life in the future.
On the other hand, the main character Will Hunting from Good Will Hunting has a different ethical approach compare to Mr. Keating which is egoism. He always believe that he has the own right to decide what he should be in the future other than become an expert in mathematics, what he should do with those relationships and where he should stay. Different characteristic between Will and Mr. Keating where Mr. Keating is the one who did like to advise and consult people where Will is the one who need consultant and advise from the others. Other character from the Dead Poets Society who has egoism ethic like Will is Neil Perry. Neil Perry should be brave enough to fulfill his own interest and dream to become an actor. By then, he decided to obey his father view on him to become a doctor. Although he commit suicide after that, but at least he manage to speak out for himself at the end. Egoism is a consequential approach. From the character Will and Neil, they both act based on their intention rather than outcome. Both of them aim to have freedom and at the end of movie, Will success but Neil fail to do it.
Mr. Nolan and Prof. Lambeau have the universalism ethical approach. Both of them are selfish and both of them believe that what they doing or decide is right and others must follow them. For example, Mr. Nolan wants the students to follow the traditional school’s rules and Lambeau want Will to follow him to become a genius in mathematics. Universalism is a non-consequential approach where it focuses on good intention and discourages using anyone as a means toward the ends such as Mr. Nolan and Lambeau intent the others to follow what they want them to be. Lastly is justice which shown in Todd Anderson in the movie where he decides to speak out for his view of opinion after the death of Neil. He want Mr. Nolan to understand that fairness, equality and entitlement is exist when Mr. Nolan wrongly blame Mr. Keating on Neil’s suicide case. Justice is a non-consequential ethical approach where in the movie, the purpose for Todd to speak out to his family and Mr. Nolan is for them to understand what he is thinking in his mind and he want everyone to be fair to Mr. Keating.
Q2
Discussion on Moral Uncertainty and Best Action in face Moral Responsibility
Sometimes it is not certain which several mutually exclusive moral views are correct, thus cause moral uncertainty. If I face moral uncertainty like above, the best action is that people should be held morally responsible for their action such as morally deserving praise, blame, reward or even punishment on the act of a person.
Utilitarianism is a normative ethical theory that places the position of right and wrong wholly on the outcomes of choosing one action or policy of own interests and it interest of others will also be taken into account. CITATION Cav02 l 1033 (Cavalier, 2002) In the other words, it is an ethical theory that intent on right from wrong by only focusing on possible outcomes hence there is no consistency or widely diverging outcomes. Utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism and because of the way it accounts from costs and benefits, it has become a common approach that a business will use. Utilitarianism is flexible which means it allows adjusting and considering decisions in different kind of circumstances. Although it is consider as the most reason based approach to determine the right and wrong, but there are some limitation as well. It results a perpetual different where different decision maker makes different decision. Since the future is unpredictable, it is difficult to certainty know whether the consequences of the actions take will be a good or bad result. There are some troubles in accounting the values such as justice and individual right. CITATION McC18 l 1033 (McCombs School of Business, 2018)
Universalism is a consistency based ethical theory which it is an implication of an action applies to anyone universally and nevertheless of the circumstances. CITATION Ada18 l 1033 (Adam, 2018) It is based on the concept of moral absolutism where it is the idea that if something not right for a person or a place, then it is not right for everyone and everywhere. The universalism is usually been used in a cross-cultural situations. It establish a view when the individuals make an ethical statement, they are putting forward a proposition that has implications for everyone within the society. This ethic simplifies the process of decision making where the choices have generally been predetermined. It helps to ensure there are equally standards for all employees, business association and society. Although it simplifies the decision making, but it also being called as “ethical imperialism” because different people has different opinion on the different decision. CITATION Mel18 l 1033 (J.Martin, 2018)Justice is describes as the moral obligation to act on the basic of fair adjudication between the competing claims. CITATION Alz10 l 1033 (Alzheimer Europe, 2010) Justice is considered as the fair selection of research participants and it refers to the fairness for different things to different group of people. Justice means giving someone what he or she deserves to have. It has been used with a reference to a standard of rightness. Other than that, fairness also often has been used to judge a things or person without reference to a person’s feeling or interest. Some argument said that justice is one of the most important moral values for law and politics. Although the legal and political systems maintain law and order are useful, but they cannot execute it unless they obtain justice. It is a non-consequential approach of ethics. There are three kinds of justice which are distributive justice, corrective justice and compensatory justice. Distributive justice touch on the extent of which society of the institutions to ensure that benefits and burden are distributed among the members in way that are fair and justice, retributive justice refers to the area to punishment are fair and justice, and compensatory justice refers to the level to which people are fairly payment for their injuries by those who have injured them. CITATION Man14 l 1033 (Manual Velasquez, 2014)Egoism is the view of opinion that each of us shall have the right to pursue our own self interest, and no one has any commitment to promote anyone the others’ interests. It is the ethical theory that support we should be the motivation and goal of our own action. Moreover, ethical egoism is the theory that promotes our own good is following with the morality. It is a consequential approach. CITATION Emr18 l 1033 (Westacott, 2018) Egoism makes a claim that people should behave rather than how they actually behave. It normally match with selfishness because it ignore the other’s interest in order to satisfy one own interest. Egoism has two variants which are descriptive and normative egoism. Descriptive is that the people are motivated by their own profit and desires and they cannot describe it otherwise. The normative variant proposes that the people should be so motivated of what presently motivate their behavior and it supports that it is always moral to promote one’s own good and never a moral not to promote it. CITATION Sev17 l 1033 (Seven Pillar Institute, 2017 )Virtue ethics are normative ethical theories which highlight the virtue of mind and character. It brings the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than doing a duty or acting in order to bring about good results. It is a non-consequential approach. It provides a self centered conception of ethics and it does not consider the increase to which our actions will affect other people. Virtue does not provide any guidance on how we should act but it mention that we can act as a virtuous person that would act given the situation. CITATION naf l 1033 (Athanassoulis, 2018) Virtue ethics agree that virtue is central and practical wisdom required. They differ in how they combine central and wisdom as well as other concepts to illustrate what we should do in particular circumstances and how we should live our lives as a whole. CITATION Sta16 l 1033 (Standford Encylopedia, 2016) Hence, virtue ethics not only deal with the rightness or wrongness of an individual’s actions, it also provides guidance on a sort of characteristics and behaviors that a good person will attain and it include the whole of a person’s life.

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Conclusion
Ethic is very important because it will satisfying basic human needs, creating credibility, uniting people and leadership, improving decision making and securing the society.
References
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