Ryan that reinforces how uniforms can reduce financial burden

Ryan KimShapiroEnglish1/5/18Schools should have uniforms because they reduce bullying, they reduce costs for parents, and they increase good student behaviour.Uniforms reduce bullying in schools. According to the article “National Survey of School Leaders Reveals 2013 School Uniform Trends” by Kaylen Tucker and Molly Hawkins, uniforms have a significant positive effect on the reduction of bullying. The article states, “In fact, surveyed school leaders with a school uniform or formal dress code policy in place believe their current policy has made a significant, positive impact on peer pressure (86 percent) and bullying (64 percent)” (Tucker). This survey shows that uniforms cause a significant reduction of bullying in schools. The article continues to discuss how uniforms reduce bullying with a quote from the executive director of the National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP). The article states, “‘Principals are charged with developing and maintaining a positive and safe school culture,’ said Gail Connelly, NAESP’s executive director. ‘We know that a school uniform policy can help reduce instances of classroom discipline and bullying, as well as improve student safety and attendance'” (Tucker). This further reinforces that uniforms reduce bullying and it is a known idea by educational organizations.School uniforms also reduce costs for parents. According to the article “How School Uniforms Can Save Money” by Leah Ingram school uniforms can reduce the financial burden of clothes shopping on parents. The article states, “According to a 2013 survey from the National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP), 77 percent of respondents estimated the average cost of school uniforms per child, per year, was $150 or less.According to the National Retail Federation, in 2013 parents spent close to $231 per child on back-to-school clothing.” (Ingram). This shows that school uniforms can cost parents significantly less than having to do regular back to school shopping. It also shows that the average difference in cost between a school with a uniform and a school without a uniform is $81 for clothing which is a drastic difference that reinforces how uniforms can reduce financial burden on parents. The article continues to demonstrate that uniforms reduce costs for parents. It states, “Going back to that NAESP survey, 86 percent of parents surveyed believed that having school uniforms makes shopping for back to school a more budget-friendly endeavor” (Ingram). This shows that the majority of parents agree that schools having uniforms helps to reduce costs for them.School uniforms promote better school behaviour and reduce disciplinary problems. According to a paper called “A Comparative policy analysis on the effectiveness of implementing student uniforms in public school districts within the United State from 1993 through 1998” by Desiree Hiestand uniforms can lead to better student behaviour. It states, “Principals notice a dramatic difference in student behavior and a drop in disciplinary problems” (27). This shows that schools who switch to uniforms have better student behaviour and a general drop in disruptive behaviour made by students. The author continues to discuss the positive effect that uniforms have on student behaviour. It states, ” Once the uniform policies are 36 implemented, the districts or schools all agree upon the effectiveness and insist the uniforms improve student behavior” (39-40). This shows that the districts included in this study unanimously agreed that uniforms benefitted student behavior. Another article title “A Mandatory Uniform Policy in Urban Schools: Findings from the School Survey on Crime and Safety: 2003-04” by Seunghee Han further illustrates how uniforms can make student behaviour better. The article states, “Elementary and middle schools with uniform policies tend to have fewer student problem behaviors than schools without uniform policies” (9). This further reinforces that uniforms promote better behaviour and reduce disciplinary problems caused by students.This shows that schools should have uniforms because they reduce bullying, they reduce costs for parents, and they increase good student behaviour. Works CitedHan, Seunghee. “A Mandatory Uniform Policy in Urban Schools: Findings from the School Survey onCrime and Safety: 2003-04.” International Journal of Education Policy and Leadership,journals.sfu.ca/ijepl/index.php/ijepl/article/view/253/96.Hiestand, Desiree. A Comparative Policy Analysis on the Effectiveness of Implementing StudentUniforms in Public School Districts within the United State from 1993 through 1998.University of Nevada, 1999,digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1230&context=thesesdissertations.Ingram, Leah. “How School Uniforms Can Save Money.” Parade, Parade, 2 Aug. 2016, parade.com/496380/leahingram/how-school-uniforms-can-save-money/.Tucker, Kaylen, and Molly Hawkins. “National Association of Elementary School Principals: Serving All Elementary and Middle-Level Principals.” NAESP, 30 July 2013, www.naesp.org/national-survey-school-leaders-reveals-2013-school-uniform-trends.

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