Psoriasis you have any of these symptoms, you should

Psoriasis of the scalp is a common skin disorder that causes the formation of red and scaly patches, dandruff or scabs on the scalp. It can appear as one or several patches, it can even affect the entire scalp, spreading to the forehead, the back of the neck or behind the ears.Psoriasis of the scalp can not be contracted from another person. As with other types , the exact cause is not known. Doctors say it may be due to an immune imbalance that causes the skin cells to grow too fast and accumulate forming patches. A person may be more prone to contract psoriasis of the scalp if there has already been another case of the disease in his family.In some cases psoriasis of the scalp can be mild and almost imperceptible, in others it can be serious, last a long time and cause thick ulcers with scabs. Intense itching can affect daily life, sleep and excessive scratching can lead to skin infections and hair loss.Psoriasis … what you did not know!Take this quiz and learn more about your psoriasis (the second is fundamental!). > Yes, I want to know>The symptomsThe symptoms of mild scalp psoriasis may include only mild peeling, while the symptoms of moderate to severe psoriasis are more serious and include:Red spots, scaly and bumpyFlakes of white-silver colorDescamation in the form of dandruffDry scalpItchBurning or painHair lossPsoriasis of the scalp alone does not cause hair loss, but scratching a lot or very hard, aggressive treatments and the tension that this condition causes, can lead to temporary hair loss. Fortunately, the hair usually grows once the outbreak has been controlled.If you have any of these symptoms, you should consult a doctor or dermatologist to get the correct diagnosis, treatment and the best guidance. It is also important to rule out other similar conditions, such as seborrheic dermatitis .Topical treatmentsThe first line of defense is the treatment applied directly on the scalp, such as medicinal shampoos, creams, gels, oils, ointments and soaps. Some of these products can be obtained over the counter at the pharmacy, but the strongest ones require a prescription.OTC products often contain one of two FDA-approved medications for psoriasis:Salicylic acidCoal tarPrescription products may have higher concentrations of one or both of them, as well as other approved medications, such as:AnthillinAntimicrobials, to treat bacterial or fungal infections that may arise with psoriasis of the scalpCalcipotriene, a strong derivative of vitamin DCalcipotriene and betamethasone dipropionate (a potent steroid)Other topical steroidsTazarotene, a derivative of vitamin AFor these to work, these treatments must be applied to the scalp, not just the hair. The instructions must be followed exactly until the skin heals, this may take 8 weeks or more. Once the psoriasis has cleared, we can prevent its return by using medical shampoo daily or twice a week.Other treatmentsIf the patient has mild scalp psoriasis in some areas, your doctor or dermatologist may consider injecting steroids into those areas directly.If the symptoms do not respond to topical treatments, phototherapy can help, either with artificial or natural light. If the person has very fine hair, or a shaved head, the doctor can recommend only natural sunlight, received for short periods.Medications for severe psoriasis of the scalpIf you have moderate to severe scalp psoriasis, your doctor may prescribe an oral or injectable medication. Some oral medications are:CorticosteroidsCyclosporineMethotrexateDerivatives of vitamin ADerivatives of vitamin DSince these medications can cause serious side effects, such as liver damage, they require close monitoring by a doctor. It is also important to know that the derivatives of vitamins are different and more powerful than the vitamin supplements that we buy without a prescription. The latter do not help control psoriasis.The last class of approved medications are the so-called biological ones. These can prevent skin cells from growing so quickly and forming unwanted clumps and patches of skin. Some biological medications are:alefacept (Amevive)efalizumab (Raptiva)etanercept (Enbrel)infliximab (Remicade)ustekinumab (Stelara)