p.p1 means endangering the patient’s life. People obey authority

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Hoffling (1966)

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  Hofling conducted a research project on nurses who did not know they were being  involved in an experiment of obedience. The aim was to see whether the nurses follow orders that were given to them over the phone by a doctor. The study involved 22 nurses.

  While they were alone on the night shift, the nurses received a phone call from a doctor who asked them to administer a medication to a patient. They were asked to administer 20 mg dose of the medication although the dose was labelled on the medication as the maximum daily dose of it as 10 mg. However, in the group 21 of 22 nurses began to administer the medication without much resistance.
This study showed that nurses will knowingly follow a doctor’s orders even if it means endangering the patient’s life. People obey authority figures even when they are not in the presence: doctors are more qualified, so it was expected that nurses do what they were told to do.
Sheridan and King ( 1972)

Sheridan and King thought that possibly Milgram’s subjects had quite reluctantly played along with the experiment. To show this credibility, Sheridan and King reiterated Milgram’s study to test the consistency of how people obey the authority. As opposed to using an actor, they decided to use a genuine setback who may really get hurt. Plainly, they couldn’t use a human, thus, they used the accompanying best thing, a cute puppy. 

Sheridan and King told their subjects volunteers that the puppy was set up to perceive a gleaming light and a relentless light. He expected to stay to one side or to the other side following the banner of light. If the animal did not stay in the right place, the subjects were told to press a button to shock the puppy. As in the Milgram investigate, the shock level extended by 15 volts for each wrong answer. In any case, not in any way like Milgram’s contribution, the puppy was genuinely getting shocked by the volunteers.
As the shock increased, the puppy barked, lastly started to wail in torment. Many demonstrated their sensitivity straightforwardly. Be that as it may, a large portion of them, twenty of twenty-six, kept on pressing the button to the most extreme voltage. 

amusingly, the 6 understudies who declined to keep stunning the puppy were all men. The 13 ladies who took part in the examination obeyed to the authority figure until the end. Much of the time, we assume that women will be less eager than men to incur hurt on a little puppy. Furthermore, common observation suggests that women might be better able than men to confront or manipulate authority figures. Perhaps, submissiveness of the female role might lead to greater compliance.