Once thought to be the disease of
the west, Diabetes mellitus prevalence is increasing at an alarming rate.
Diabetes is becoming an even larger public health issue with significant social
and economic implications. Diabetes is a kind of metabolic disease
characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion,
insulin action or both. The chronic hyperglycemia of diabetes is associated
with long term damage dysfunction and failure of organs, especially the eyes,
kidneys, nerves, heart and blood vessels.
Broadly categorized into TYPE1 and
TYPE 2 diabetes. TYPE 1 Diabetes caused by an absolute deficiency of insulin
secretion, whereas, TYPE 2 Diabetes is caused due to resistance of insulin
secretion along with inadequate compensatory insulin secretory response
(American Diabetes Association, 2014).
Phytochemical screening of
antidiabetic herbal drugs
The screening of medicinal plants is
of great significance, forming the building blocks of a tentative potential
medicine. Possible through the extraction,
screening and identification of medicinally active compounds in plant.
Phytochemical screening enables in identification of compounds like alkaloids,
terpenoids, flavonoids, carotenoids etc. that are frequently implicated as
having antidiabetic effect contributing to antidiabetic activity.
Antidiabetic herbal drugs
evaluation of antidiabetic herbal drugs provides us further insights about
their composition, uses and effects. The characteristics or properties of a
drug, especially those that make it medicinally active. With the urban life
style it is becoming even more essential to find out alternative pathways for
medicines for this severe disease which will be cost effective along with fewer
side effects to be more prevalent amongst people. Here with the development of
evaluation of phytochemical and pharmacological evaluation of antidiabetic herbal
plants, provide a strong backbone and a concrete proof about their ability to
turn into a potential antidiabetic herbal medicine.