n process of socialisation goes through three stages, Id,

this assignment covering the process of socialisation and its theorists,
comparing one to another and looking at the pros and cons. including all the
agents of the process and what age socialisation starts and finishes and the
primary agents involved. Also evaluating the positives and negatives of
socialisation in a controlled environment and functional society. Accessing
culture values within the system, including education and workplace concerning
gender inequalities within wage gap.

Socialisation is a
social development, in which individuals learn how to function in society and
learn how to adapt to their surroundings. The socialisation process starts at
birth as Sigmund Freud states, the process of socialisation goes through three
stages, Id, Ego, Super ego. Whereas Emile Durkheim focused on traditional and
modern societies that involved and function under the theory and concept of
social facts that defined as the norms, values and structures of society.
Agencies of socialisation include institutions or various groups that play an
imperative role in the process of socialisation of individuals and shaping
personality. The agents of the socialisation process include, education,
school, family, workplace, gender, peer group, mass media. Family is the most
important agent and first of the socialisation process and primary role in
socialising young children. On first interaction, children begin to learn the
values, norms and beliefs of society through the rules and guides of their
family. Teaching children how to behave in acceptable ways socially, developing
emotional ties and values and norms. Within this socialisation process of the
family setting, they both can be deliberate and unintended. Example unintended,
parent teaches chid the importance of manners, then the child see’s the parent
displaying bad manners. Will the child follow what the parent says or actually
do. Deliberate is intended, example of teaching a child to be honest and tell
the truth is always important in life. The second agent of this socialise
process is school, and starts between the ages of five to eighteen years old,
each children spending at least thirty weeks a year in school. Schools and
teachers play a major part in the socialising, as much of it is deliberate,
Activities in classrooms, deliberate purpose of teaching skills for reading,
writing and maths. Extra activities such as school dances, clubs, and sports
events are used to prepare for life in the outside world of society. Schools
also attempt to teach cultural values, responsibility and good citizenship. A
third agent of the socialisation process could be the media in the present age,
it is a very influential agent of socialisation and involves no face to face
contact of communication. It can reach out to large audiences with no personal
contact from the information been sent and those who receive it from the
internet, films, books, newspapers, television and radio.
Television is probably the most influence on the socialisation of children,
spending an average of twenty eight hours a week watching programs. They can be
a positive and negative side of the socialisation 

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