Module division and breakdown of these organizations. History shows

Module 2 Day 2 Reading Summary

Societal Collapse

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This reading describes about
the effects of climate change during the Mayan civilization. With the help of
research dating back to the Mayan period, it is observed that when there was
sufficient rainfall, the agricultural practices flourished and many government
institutions were established to maintain order. Then the drought followed this
productive period which led to the division and breakdown of these
organizations. History shows that droughts have been the reasons for migration
and wars between the population. To sum it all, human population has suffered
due to uncertainties in climate which led to the fragmentation of the society.


Societal Resilience

Human population has realized
the importance of sustainable development and are taking certain initiatives on
an individual, societal as well as national level to tackle this issue. However,
it is essential to understand the major points in order to work towards a sustainable
future and focus on those aspects on a priority before it is too late.
Population control is one of those key areas of concern along with conservation
of natural resources. In addition, mankind should be educated regarding these
issues by spreading awareness so that everyone works together for a better

Iceland is an amazing example
of societal resilience. Iceland has endured a variety of harsh natural
conditions like volcanoes as well as plagues and survived. It is obvious to
assume that due to these natural effects aggravate the natural conditions. In
order to validate this notion, research studies were conducted and it was
observed that following the reduction in population due to epidemics, the frequency
of occurrence of natural disasters have reduced. However, decrease in
population is not the only reason for reduction in natural calamities but the
major reason is that mankind is implementing the required measures on societal,
political and economical level and is working together towards changing the
society to curb such unplanned events.