Modernism forms and tested new styles and types. Modernism


Modernism is the most significant literary movement in England and
America during the twentieth century. Though out British literature history
numerous of progression trends, and which many of them found in British
Literature. It shows an expansive of terms that describe the artistic movements
and challenged traditional representational art forms and tested new styles and
types. Modernism is one of the trends seen in some of British greatest novels, such
as “The Mark on the Wall,” “The Garden Party,” and countless others. Modernism
has transformed the way reality was perceived and portrayed. “Modernism is
extremely challenging to define clearly because the term encompasses a variety
of specific artistic and philosophical movements including symbolism, futurism,
surrealism, expressionism, imagism, vorticism, dada, and others.” (Modernism) A
few characteristics of Modernism are nihilism, allusiveness, inconsistent in
metaphors, narration through fragmented, and primitivism.


put in place a series of culture shocks due to scientific change, as well as
World War 1. It would go on to have a positive effect in scientific and
technological progress as the path to a better world. Which Lead to the
development of new transportation such as railroads, steamboat, airplane, and
automobiles. Other discovery and invention would allow  communication and health care to grow at an astonishing
rate.  Modernism became the approach that
civilization viewed life and influenced social, political, historical or
cultural issues.  Modernism changed
social problems threw nihilism which personal association redefined the
relationship between Western and nonwestern cultures. By shifting from an
imperialist perspective to the exchange and diversity. Also, Modernism effected
American society by disseminating new and unconventional ideas which disturb
society. The effect of Modernism on culture embraced human empowerment. British
culture would gradually turn less elitist but more democratic, leaving the
elite culture to become more elitist. 
Political and historical influence from modernism was already apparent
in the 19th and 20th century.  Modernism
has dramatically influenced the rise of totalitarian ideologies, such as
communism and fascism, and the resulting social unrest.

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In “The Mark on the Wall” by Virginia Woolf is a great
representation of showing modernism through uncertainty, religion, change,
trust and gender roles.  Woolf uses
fictional narration and a stream of consciousness as a first person by an
unnamed female narrator. The reason being, that the narration in “The Mark on
the Wall” shows a deep reflection of life, which encourages the reader
imagination. Modernism can be seen in “The Mark on the Wall” when the narrator
starts to question themselves for example “No, no, nothing is proved, nothing
is known. And if I were to get up at this very moment and ascertain that the
mark on the wall is really—what shall we say?” (Virginia Woolf 9). A clear
example of self-consciousness, what is a notable characteristic of modernism.
Virginia Woolf uses interior monologue to make “The Mark on the Wall” modernist
experimental fiction. The narrator starts by wondering how the mark on the wall
got there.  There are much speculation
and curiosity as to what the mark and how it formed.  Virginia then takes us on a journey into the
subconscious, to places where you may not have gone before. Nothing in this
writing exemplifies Modernism more than the passage “Knowledge? Matter for
further speculation? I can think sitting still as well as standing up. And what
is knowledge? What are our learned men save the descendants of witches and
hermits who crouched in caves and in woods brewing herbs, interrogating
shrew-mice and writing down the language of the stars?” (Wolfe 9)


displayed examples of Modernism during her writings, with narration of social
evils, things unordered, destruction. She  challenged the belief of the absolute truth,
gave a little description of the characters, and even disregarded tradition.
The Garden Party has several examples components of Modernism. There are a lot
of evident themes of Modernism in “The Garden Party.” Katherine
Mansfield uses fragmented sentences as a Modernist technique to convey the
inability to articulate the narrator epiphany and explores consciousness in
“The Garden Party.” The narrator gives little descriptions of the
characters in the novel, describing the workmen at the party as impressive,
wearing sleeveless shirts carrying staves. When Laura notices one of the
workmen, the narrator describes him as having “nice eyes he had, small, but such
a dark blue!”  (Mansfield 60). “The
Garden Party” never give too much description of any characters, leaving
the reader left to guess the characters’ description. The uses of improper
grammar by Katherine Mansfield is used to reflect dialect in many scenes in the
novel.  For example, when Laurie says
“you might just give a squiz at my coat before this afternoon. See if it wants
pressing” (Mansfield 63).  Another
example is when Sadie asks Mrs. Sheridan for the sandwich flags, “If you
please, m’m, cook says have you got the flags for the
sandwiches?”(Mansfield 67). 


Overall, who knew that a movement that started in
Europe before the Great War would have an inspiration on the development in
science, theory, and exploration on how the human behavior is shaped.   Modernism characterized by a deliberate
break with classical and traditional forms, dealing with issues with class, the
battle for information, sexual orientation, pointless and estrangement of the
time. Also, the most significant literary movement in England and America
during the twentieth century. The literary trend adopted social, political,
historical or cultural issues. Notable authors such as Virginia Woolf,
Katherine Mansfield, and W. Somerset Maugham found modernism to be influential.
Becoming one of the most prominent trends used in British literature, changing
the way reality was perceived and portrayed. Modernism presented the fragmented
view of human subjectivity and history. However, gives fragmentation as
something tragic, something to be lamented and mourned as a loss.