MMA is a basic component in synthesising methacrylate
resins and plastics as well as various of polymer-based products (https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-09/documents/methyl-methacrylate.pdf)
. The global MMA market can be classified according to the basis of
applications such as transparent glass substitute, daylight redirection, surface
coatings, resin, lenses, grout, medical implants and the others. Among all the
product of MMA, Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) can be considered as a
commonly-used synthetic polymer by the monomer of MMA. The products of MMA and
PMMA are widely used in various applications nowadays.
of all, due to the properties of high resistance to sunlight exposure and
thermal stability, PMMA is often added as additives in exterior latex paint
which used as surface coating. Moreover, PMMA is considered as a suitable
material in patching highways and bridges as the polymer consists of high
Young’s Modulus and a low elongation at breakage. The mixing concrete is also
known as polymer concrete (https://library.ctr.utexas.edu/digitized/texasarchive/phase1/246-3-CTR.pdf).
is also involved in the fabrication process of microfluidic chips. By doping
with electrically conductive materials, such as graphite, PMMA is transformed
into a conductive composite. The PMMA microchip bioreactor is utilised in the
field of proteomics in protein digestion. However, limitations with low
electroosmotic flow and high hydrophobicity have restrained the mass production
of PMMA microchips for the market (https://ac.els-cdn.com/S0021967307019954/1-s2.0-S0021967307019954-main.pdf?_tid=24416992-0050-11e8-8505-00000aab0f6c=1516720664_7028780d6771d4088ef103bc6c36aa5e).
PMMA is suggested to be employed in optical applications. Materials for optical
applications are required to contain properties of suitable refractive index,
good resistance to UV light, chemical durability, and good mechanical
properties and PMMA is a suitable candidate (http://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1080/15583724.2015.1031377).
applications mentioned above, MMA is often used in surgical applications,
especially for arthroplasties. The examples of surgical and medical
applications of MMA and its homologues are shown in Table 1.5.1 (http://sci-hub.tw/10.1080/19338240903241291).