Methamphetamine, whereas, the rest of Arkansas reported 28% of

Methamphetamine, cocaine, and heroin abuse continues to
spread in Pulaski County, Arkansas, consequently effecting crime-rate: this
district has the “2nd highest rate of total crime index offenses,” and the “2nd
highest rate of violent crime” in the state (AFMC). Large funding and recourses
have gone into local police departments to investigate and crack down on drug related
crimes. According to Drew Petrimoulx, of arkansasmatters.com, so far this year,
Arkansas police have confiscated 34 lbs of Heroin. Moreover, in 2016, the
number of drug overdose deaths in the state, increased by seventeen percent at
335 fatalities—Pulaski County made up the bulk, with 77 drug-induced deaths
that year alone. Furthermore, alcohol-related incidences has increased—the
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s (2017) health-data, reports that excessive
drinking in Pulaski Country is parallel to the entire state at 15%, while the
overall US is at 12%. As a result, 33% of driving deaths in the county were
from alcohol-consumption; whereas, the rest of Arkansas reported 28% of
alcohol-impaired driving deaths, and the US calculated approximately 13%.   Due to the amplitude of drug-abuse, more
rehabs have opened, allowing affordable programs and counseling for those
seeking support. According to drugrehab.org, there are currently 55 alcohol and
drug rehabs within Pulaski County. Each program provides contact information to
speak with a treatment specialist; from there, specific questions can be
answered about the following recovery-steps: assessment, detox, intake,
inpatient and outpatient treatment, aftercare, and sober living— that is, if
these concerns aren’t already addressed and answered below: 

1.     Assessment

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 Reportedly,
methamphetamine, cocaine, heroin and excessive-alcohol consumption makes up the
most prevalent addictions within Sherwood and surrounding areas. With any of
these addictions, a rehab assessment will proceed before taking in a patient
(usually with questionnaires, self-assessments and/or a physical exam). This
allows the evaluator(s) to determine whether an addiction is fully present, to
what extent, whether or not it pairs with cooccurring condition(s), and how to
treat the specific, individual. Usually doctors, nurses, social workers, and
therapists carry out these assessments.  
Arkansas’, “55 alcohol and drug rehabs within Pulaski County,”
mentions that Professional Counseling Associates Sherwood Clinic (7800 Highway
107, Sherwood, AR 72120), accepts all ages and does a full assessment, which
will help with under-lying psychological-factors—for example, a person who
suffers from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and disruptive rumination, may turn
to alcohol or drug consumption to numb racing thoughts. However, in this
example, it could just as well be depression or trauma that’s initiating
reckless behavior; the point is to understand and improve potential causes of
the addiction. Since the bulk of therapists specialize in many areas, it makes
getting to the root of the problem easier and indeed quicker. Thus, after the assessment,
the program can efficiently and accurately accommodate the patient. 

2.      Detox

 Before rehab begins,
the patient must detox. Certain rehab groups and programs will not accept
members until they’re fully clean; and depending on the drug used, it may take
the body five to ten days to rid of toxins. Fortunately, most treatment centers
have medically supervised detox programs, which allows those with
severe-addictions to withdraw safely and comfortably. Although detox might
cause the patient to stop their addiction in the short-term (due to intense
physical and emotional withdrawal-symptoms), unless follow-up care and therapy
takes place, the risk of relapse increases immensely. Therefore, detox is just
one of the essential steps in full recovery.  
Nearby rehabs that offer medically supervised detox programs, includes
Oasis Renewal Center (Little Rock), Recovery Centers of Arkansas (Little Rock),
and BCD Hoover Treatment Center (along with several others). This service
benefits especially those forced to get help through intervention, or
individuals who received court-orders—having safe assistance is key for those
not particularly wanting aid. Whether the patient detoxes by themselves before
entering a program, or through guided assistance in a center, it’s a
significant step in progressing towards recovery.

 3.      Intake 

 Usually, during the
intake process, the patient will meet with a counselor or therapist, a doctor,
and/or a psychologist. Basically, this one-on-one time is part of an interview
process, which establishes the substance abuse treatment program that will most
benefit the patient. Documented notes, describing medical and mental health
history will be reviewed from the session, and specialized screenings and
physical exams might also take place. During this process, the patient will
also be asked about major events or certain instances that might have led to
the eventual addiction. Furthermore, this step typically involves some form of
payment and/or a financial plan, and luckily, many facilities offer a number of
payment and insurance options.   Quality
Living Center (Little Rock), a rehab for women and female patients, gathers
individual-background history, in order to give an accurate dual-diagnosis.
Their intake process indicates whether a patient needs Cognitive Behavioral
Therapy (CBT), Co-Occurring Disorders Treatment, or Smart Recovery, and so
forth. Everything remains confidential, so the patient can feel safe when
sharing closely personal information. This step is necessary, because although
the majority may have a drinking, or methamphetamine problem, some may struggle
with PTSD, anxiety, depression, or so forth, and therefore need relatable and
appropriate groups and therapy sessions.

 4.      Inpatient & Outpatient Treatments

 Differing in severity
and length, plans include: residential treatment centers (RTC), partial
hospitalization drug rehab programs (PHP), and intensive outpatient programs
for substance abuse (IOP). Highly structured, and evidence-based, RTC programs typically
follow the 12-step model of recovery (Alcoholics Anonymous), and holds
emotional process groups,

helps with planning for work-return, etc (depending on
facility). This center is for individuals who have recently received
hospital-care, or who need more structure, and stability than outpatient care.
Average length of stay is typically three to six months, and is usually all
residential-based (no returning home each night).   PHP, also referred to as “day rehab,”
provides the patient with the intensity of RTC, but allows the patient to spend
evenings at home. Using many of the same tools and resources, PHP can be just
as effective. Six hours per day, for five days a week, individuals receive
therapy, counseling, and tools. Many drug and alcohol rehab centers now offer
this style of treatment, likely due to affordable recovery options and less
financial burdens with health and medical insurances.   Likewise, IOP has many of the same services,
but goes for three hours a day, three days a week. Similar to PHP, this option
suits those who’ve completed an inpatient program, like RTC, or for individuals
that require an outpatient setting (due to professional or personal reasons).
Typically, IOP focuses on group therapy, while using one-on-one counseling less
often. Length of attendance differs from person to person, depending on their
emotional and psychological progress, and well-being.   Again, drugrehab.org, lists a tremendous
amount of rehabs in Pulaski County, that offers all three treatment-programs.
Little Rock’s Serenity House (DBA Serenity Park Inc), for example, offers IOP
care for seniors and older clientele, and provides group-therapies for CBT,
Relapse Prevention Therapy, and the like. Then like most on this list,
Bridgeway (North Little Rock), includes IOP and inpatient drug rehab with
partial hospitalization/day treatment. Pulaski County has numerous rehabs
providing extensive services and resources, making recovery more readily
available. 

6.      Aftercare 

 Immediate, and
continuous follow-up treatment for substance abuse, should occur after the
completion of an initial rehab program. Addiction aftercare programs aim to
encourage recovery maintenance, and helps develop ways to prevent relapse, to
achieve a fulfilled life with healthy relationships and a sense of purpose.
Continuing treatment is extremely important, especially because longstanding
substance abuse can de-normalize cognitive-function and altar parts of the
brain long after rehab. Beyond physical impact, several long-term psychological
changes may affect thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, induced by the original
substance-intake. Therefore, it’s clear that aftercare must be utilized.   Treatment-centers in Pulaski County with
aftercare services, includes Serenity House (DBA Serenity Park Inc), Central
Arkansas Veterans Healthcare Substance Use Disorder/(SUD) Program (North Little
Rock Division), and Recovery Centers of Arkansas, and several more. There’s
plenty of supportive check-ups available with health professionals throughout the
county. 

7.      Sober living

 Another idea to
consider is living in a sober living home— a group home for addicts, that
allows one to come and go as they please, as long as they follow curfew-rules
and do chores.

Residents in these places must remain sober, and supportive.
Thus, this environment encourages sobriety and helps addicts adjust to a
non-substance/non-alcoholic life. Many sober living homes include volunteer
opportunities and therapeutic meetings, such as feeding the homeless at soup kitchens,
as well as, Alcoholic-Anonymous (12-Step) meetings, and job-search tools.
Before moving in, each individual must complete the detox process. For an
updated list of sober homes in Pulaski County, visit:
soberliving.interventionamerica.org. 

 Not every recovering-addict
needs to move into a sober living home, but, like the above resources and
programs listed, it’s worth considering. Many members agree that there’s
strength in numbers, when trying to get help; and it’s comforting to know that
most other members can relate, as they too suffered from addiction. Still, if a
patient recovered with a different program, and can confidently live on their
own without feeling the urge to take drugs or drink, than that’s great too.
Although the road to recovery differs from person to person, the main point is
that the sufferer is getting help, and beginning the process of living a
healthier, safer, and sober lifestyle.