Mara SilvaGov & Economics 123Ms. Schwab January/ 2/ 2018Pro- Life Abortion Abortion still today is a controversial issue in the United States. An abortion is the deliberate medical process of ending a pregnancy. It is known as a ‘termination of pregnancy’ (Dictionary). Many people believe that abortion should stay legal because women go through circumstances where one can’t control what happens. They feel like as mothers and females they are not capable to raise a child and shouldn’t have a right to birth it. However, many don’t realize that abortion is not the only solution and understanding why they want an abortion sometimes has another way to go past it. To kill a fetus by using dreadful procedures is not only wrong for the doctors to perform, but morally wrong too. Due to this abortion should be illegal. In the mid late 1800’s states began passing laws that made abortion illegal. The motivations for anti-abortion laws varied from state to state, such as Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky and various more. (Various about abortion by state) It’s been performed for thousands of years, and in every society that has been discovered. It was legal in the United States from the time the earliest settlers arrived. “At the time the Constitution was adopted, abortions before “quickening” were openly advertised and commonly performed”. (History of Abortion). The strongest force behind the drive to criminalize abortion was the attempt by doctors to establish for themselves exclusive rights to practice medicine. (H.O.A) They wanted to prevent “untrained” practitioners, including midwives, apothecaries, and homeopaths, from competing with them for patients and for patient fees”. (History of Abortion) The best way to accomplish their goal was to eliminate one of the principle procedures that kept these competitors in business. Rather than publicly admitting to such motivations, the newly formed American Medical Association also known as the AMA, argued that abortion was both immoral and dangerous. By 1910 all but one state had criminalized abortion except when necessary, in a doctor’s judgment, to save the woman’s life. In this way, legal abortion was successfully transformed into a “physicians-only” practice. The prohibition of legal abortion from the 1880s until 1973 came under the same anti-obscenity or Comstock laws that prohibited the dissemination of birth control information and services. Criminalization of abortion did not reduce the numbers of women who sought abortions. In the years before Roe v. Wade, the estimates of illegal abortions ranged as high as 1.2 million per year. (H.O.A) Although not many records could not be kept, it is known that between the 1880s and 1973, many thousands of women were harmed as a result of illegal abortion. Many women died or suffered serious medical problems after attempting to self-induce their abortions or going to untrained practitioners who performed abortions with primitive methods or in unsanitary conditions. During this time, hospital emergency room staff treated thousands of women who either died or were suffering terrible effects of abortions provided without adequate skill and care. Some women were able to obtain relatively safer, although still illegal, abortions from private doctors. This practice remained prevalent for the first half of the twentieth century. The rate of reported abortions then began to decline, partly because doctors faced increased scrutiny from their peers and hospital administrators concerned about the legality of their operations.Teenagers use abortion to escape from reality. One of the main cases where teenagers decide to abort is because they have been raped. Getting raped and ending up pregnant would create a feeling of a women not knowing what to do. To basically force a teenager who has been raped to serve as an incubator for her attacker’s seed is like being rape all over again. Women also abort when they feel that the pregnancy is a risk to their own health. Mothers who can’t support a baby would also want to abort because they want to be able to support the baby. When women are left single they feel like they don’t have enough support just by herself so they decide to get rid of it. Especially being young, getting pregnant is either s mistake, a desire, or being forced and abortion it’s a way out. A fetus deserves the right to live. Once the fetus exists is should have the rights of any other person under the law. In many states, if a person murders a pregnant woman and the fetus dies also, he or she is charged with two counts of murder, not one. A woman’s right to privacy ends if it means harming another individual. This constitutional right does not apply to those who break moral and ethical codes. Even though the pregnancy takes place within the woman’s body, the fetus is a viable human being in its own right. Abortion is cruel and painful to the fetus. An embryo has nerve cells and can feel pain. The procedures in late term abortions, especially, are barbaric and brutal. “Some babies have been born premature as early as 5 months, and survived. Abortion is cruel and painful to the mother”. (American Pregnancy Association)Many women have strongly regretted their decision, forever feeling the guilt and pain of this choice. Some women actually have psychological breakdowns as a result of the abortion. Other women have mental breakdowns, often requiring counseling and sometimes even hospitalization. Although the effects varies in different women there are still gruesome effects where mothers should eventually figure out that is not worth it.Christians support the notion that murder is a sin, and if abortion is murder it constitutes one of the gravest sins. Christians have always taken a strong view against abortion, based on their belief that all human beings are created in the image and likeness of God. While some have suggested that Christianity used to be more accepting of abortion, this view is mistaken. The historical debate did not revolve around whether abortion was right or wrong, but rather the degree of wrongdoing and how the Church should respond to those involved. It is in this context that debates about “ensoulment” and “quickening” should be seen. (Religious Perspectives On Abortion) It should be remembered that the Christian teaching on abortion was not dependent on the “soul” being present in the child. Early Christian texts and scholars condemn direct abortion for example, the Didache, Clement of Alexandria, Tertullian, and Saint Basil. The highly influential theologian, St. Augustine, while affirming Aristotle’s idea that ensoulment only occurred sometime after conception and so regarding late abortion as a more serious act of wrongdoing, still maintained the condemnation of all abortion at any time from conception onward. St. Thomas Aquinas, probably the single greatest theologian in Christian history, came to a similar conclusion. (Abortion and the Bible). Nowadays abortion is opposed entirely by the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church, and most Evangelical groups. Some Anglicans make exceptions in “hard cases”, while small groups within Anglicanism are entirely pro-abortion. ( Religious Perspective on Abortion) There are pro-abortion minorities within most Christian groups, though their theological arguments are in contradiction with the Christian teaching that each child in the womb is known and loved by God. People may say religion isn’t the best argument when it comes to abortion because what if that women has been raped and that women is pregnant. What if she doesn’t want the baby? Well many Christians would say that God does everything good and he has a purpose in why everything happens. Life is sacred, and all human life should be protected. Many people may argue otherwise that abortion should be legal because of many reasons due to the fact that is immortal. Woman should be able to decide what happens to their body. Under the constitution we are guaranteed the right to privacy. According to the case of Roe v Wade, the ” The US Supreme Court, in a 7-2 decision, affirms the legality of a woman’s right to have an abortion under the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.” The court went back to the Fourteenth Amendment because it states that people can’t be denied liberty without due process of law and that’s why the Court decided that there’s a right to abortion. They believe liberty equals abortion. It resulted to women having a choice to terminate her pregnancy. In addition, abortion is useful preventing a creation of unwanted children. Having a child is an important decision that requires consideration, preparation, and planning. Many young mothers usually don’t have those characteristics because of their surroundings. According to The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, ” Unintended pregnancies are associated with birth defects, low birth weight, maternal depression, increased risk of child abuse, lower educational attainment, delayed entry into prenatal care, a high risk of physical violence during pregnancy, and reduced rates of breastfeeding”.Furthermore it states that 49% of all pregnancies among American women are unintended. In other words, women don’t want their kid to be unwanted because of something they could not control. In this moment abortion would be useful because women have the capacity to not a bring a soul to life knowing it would carry the misery. Lastly, fetuses are incapable of feeling pain when most abortions are performed. If a fetus does not feel, aborting it is equivalent to not creating a person which is not immoral. According to a 2010 review by Britain’s Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, “most neuroscientists believe that the cortex is necessary for pain perception.” The cortex does not become functional until at least the 26th week of a fetus’ development, long after most abortions are performed. Abortion in this case should be legal and not seen as morally wrong.Although people may disagree that abortion is wrong, there positives does not outweigh the negative outcomes. Going back to the case of Roe v. Wade the decision did not quite makes sense. The 14th Amendment, passed in 1868, was meant to protect freed slaves from persecution and unlawful imprisonment, and to make sure they enjoyed equality under the law. When interpreting the 14th Amendment, there isn’t any reference to abortion. People can’t be denied liberty without due process of law and that is the reason why the Court decided that there’s a right to abortion. However the way they interpreted liberty was to include a “right to privacy” which is not mentioned in the 14th Amendment. They figured that if you do in fact have a right to privacy, then that must include the right to have an abortion, since it’s your body and bearing or not bearing a child is a very private matter. In addition to this women are given many options for their kid. They are given adoption options which involves public child welfare, private adoption, international adoption, and transracial adoption. Adoption in terms of living in society may be the most prosperous way. The chance for a child finding a family is something to have the audacity to hope for. Multiple types of adoption are strong systems for a child to develop and be conditioned to interact at will. Help can always be contacted to deal with this difficult situation. According to American Adoptions, the psychological effects of adoption are challenging in every aspect, but dealing with social workers and counseling will help families build upon their future. International and transracial adoption can increase diversity and relationships with others cultures. Adoption is all about coming together to reach a common goal of just living. In the United States, the adopted do not compete at life alone because everybody is a part of our society. In the United States there are currently 2% of children being adopted.In reality, the justification of abortion because of economic reasons is just wicked. Unfortunately, for many people, this is the case. The mother or couple just do not have the financial stability to raise a child on their own and they see abortion as a way out. Abortion is a terrible thing but people tend to do crazy things when they are desperate. The sad truth is that the United States needs abortion to be illegal. Many people may say that if it was not for abortion being legalized, the amount of “homemade” abortions would skyrocket, along with that, the number of accidental deaths from performing these abortions incorrectly. However, abortion is wrong because God puts a soul in every embryo at conception, and a 1 week old fetus can be murdered. It’s morally wrong because you are preventing the baby from becoming a conscious and a unique person. If you do not want the responsibility of having a baby you should not have sex and if other circumstances there are always different solutions. 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McGrath, 27 Jan. 2014, www.patheos.com/blogs/religionprof/2014/01/abortion-and-the-bible.html.”Religious Views.” Society for the Protection of Unborn Children, www.spuc.org.uk/abortion/religion.Rosenda 15l , Maaike. “Killing Isn’t a Solution: A Response to Paola Dragnic.” LifeSiteNews, 2015, 12:52 pm EST www.lifesitenews.com/opinion/killing-isnt-a-solution-a-response-to-paola-dragnic.”The Cost of Abortion.” The Cost of Abortion, www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/studentsforlife/cost.html”Possible Physical Side Effects After Abortion.” American Pregnancy Association, 2 Sept. 2016, americanpregnancy.org/unplanned-pregnancy/abortion-side-effects/.Wormald, Benjamin. “Religious Landscape Study.” Pew Research Center’s Religion & Public Life Project, 11 May 2015, www.pewforum.org/religious-landscape-study/compare/views-about-abortion/by/state/.