English III P4
Elie Wiesel – Life After Auschwitz
After the Holocaust came to an end
in 1945, teenage Elie Wiesel was placed on a train and sent to France; Among
him were 400 other Jewish orphans. He was sent to Normandy, where he was placed
in a home with around 100 other boys. The boys in the home were under the care
of Jewish organization.
While in Normandy, Elie studied
psychology, literature, and philosophy at Sorbonne University. There, he was
able to get lectures from people like Martin Buber, the philosopher. During
this time of in his life, Elie spent his evening reading rather than going out.
Wiesel began working for a French newspaper, L’Arche, by the age of 19 years
He was doing so well with journalism, that in
1949 he was sent to Israel. He was sent there as a correspondent for the
L’Arche, then later began writing for an Israel newspaper. While in Israel,
Paris hired him as a correspondent for the Yedioth Ahronoth, an Israeli
newspaper. This later led to a career as an international correspondent for
Francois Mauriac, a French writer, and Elie
Wiesel met in 1952, soon becoming very good friends. Before meeting Mauriac, Wiesel
had not written or spoken of the war for ten years. Francois often thought of
his friend as Lazarus, from the bible, rising from the dead. He was able to
persuade Wiesel to write of his horrific experiences during the Holocaust. The
first book ever wrote by Elie was a book titled, “And the World Remained Silent”. This book was later
shorthanded and relieved the title, “Night”.
In 1955, around the time Night came out,
Wiesel moved from France to the United States. He moved to New York to work for
the Yediot Ahronot, as a foreign correspondent. While living in the United
States, he wrote 40 plus books. Most of those books were non-fiction novels
over the Holocaust. He was able to become an important figure in literacy.
Wiesel was able to gain this because of his personal writing.
Elie Wiesel met Marion Erster Rose through
his writings, as she translated many of his books. The two married in 1969, later
having a son. Their son, Shlomo Elisha Wiesel, was named after Elie’s father.
The Wiesel family lived in the state of Connecticut, in a town by the name of
Wiesel had a love of teaching. He worked at
the City University of New York, as a Distinguish Professor. He taught there
from 1972 to 1976. In 1976, he began teaching religion and philosophy. He was
teaching at Boston University and held the position of Andrew Mellon Professor.
In 1982, he began teaching at Yale University. At Yale, he served as the first
Henry Luce. He taught in Social Thought and Humanities. Then in 1997 he began
working as an Ingeborg Rennert Professor at Barnard College of Columbia
University. He continued to teach there until 1999.
Elie Wiesel took part in many Jewish causes. He
became the chairman for the Holocaust Memorial Council in 1978. That council
actually had the name Presidential Commission on the Holocaust when Wiesel joined.
He sat as chairman of that origination until 1986. Marion Wiesel, along with
her husband, established the Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity. The couple
started the organization in 1986. He used money from a prize he won the same
year, to fund his foundation.
Being a man of many things, he was also a man
of many awards. A huge award he won being the Nobel Peace Prize. Wiesel spoke
out against racism and violence; he was rewarded in 1986 with the Nobel Peace
Prize. The committee that decides who gets the award called Elie Wiesel “One of
the most spiritual leaders”, (PBS).
Wiesel was awarded with another
award in 1992, when he was awarded with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. He
was awarded this by President George H.W. Busch. This award was given to him on
December 11th of 1992. This award, the highest civilian award, is
not easy to win. You must contribute to world peace, cultural significant
public endeavors, and contribute to the national interests of the United
States, all things in which Elie Wiesel did.
Once again, Elie Wiesel received yet
another award in 2009. This time around, he was awarded the National Humanities
Medal. Wiesel received his award this time, by President Brock Obama. He was
awarded for preserving the memory of those lost during the Holocaust, and for
preserving the memory of the Holocaust as a whole. Through his writing, he had
a type of compassion that won him the award.
Along with these awards, Wiesel was
awarded for over 85 honorary degrees. These were given to him from a variety of
people and places. Some of the places that awarded Elie include, City College
of New York, Bucknell University, The university of British Columbia, and the
College of Charleston. Some of the honorary degrees he was awards consist of
Doctor of Letters, Doctorate, and Doctor of Humane Letters.
Besides these awards and honors,
Elie Wiesel was awarded many more. His awards started coming in 1963 and
continued clear up until his death. Elie Wiesel was an extraordinary man, which
is why he received so many honors and awards.
IT was at age 87, the incredible
Elie Wiesel passed away. He was in Manhattan at his home on that dreadful day
of July 2, 2016. He had a beautiful view of Central Park from his apartment. He
died of a natural death, he was however fighting an illness for a long time. He
passed before his life, leaving Marion a widow.
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Survivor and Nobel Peace Prize Winner, Dies at 87.” PBS, Public
Broadcasting Service, 2 July 2016,
Berman, Lazar, et al. “Peres Awards Elie Wiesel
the Presidential Medal.” The Times of Israel,
Media Contacts: Office of Communications at
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Nobel Laureate, Dead at 87.” CNN, Cable News Network, 3 July 2016, www.cnn.com/2016/07/02/world/elie-wiesel-dies/index.html.
2006-01-16T20:18:12.000Z The Associated Press.
“Winfrey Selects Wiesel’s ‘Night’ for Book Club.” TODAY.com, The
Associated Press, 16 Jan. 2006,
Elie Wiesel Scheduled to Appear at Distinguished Speaker
Series–Click Here for More Information and to Order Tickets,
“The Nobel Peace Prize for 1986.” Nobelprize.org,