Issues cultural events etc. The relationship, based on common

motivated to choose this study


Germany and India maintain a strategic allies. This includes
regular meetings of both Heads of Government as well as annual meets of the
Foreign Ministers. It also supports their mutual interest to magnifying the
economic and technological sector, as well as for Science and Culture.

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In addition to the adopted agenda, a join statement was
agreed upon in 2006, highlighting the importance of the strategic allies
relation and magnifying the relations between the two states.

The first Consultation was held in New Delhi in May 2011.
The two countries discussed several bilateral and global issues of interest.

The Second Round of Consultation was held in Berlin and 10
MoUs were signed on the sidelines of Second cunsultation. India is one of the
first countries outside the European Union, with whom Germany has established such
a close  bilateral partnership.



and Nature


The cooperation between India and Germany includes political
action and growing economic exchange and cultural events etc. The relationship,
based on common values of democracy and rule of law has significantly strengthened
in the 1990s after India’s economic liberalization and the end of cold War.


The history of Indo-German politics started in the late
nineteenth century, when the Imperial German Consulate started operating from

India acknowledged and accepted the Federal Republic of
Germany after the end of the Second World War in 1945. The diplomatic
recognition of Germany by the Indian government made a positive impact and lead
to a long lasting and continuous relationship for over 60 years up to the
present day.

In 1951,India and Germany decided to establish economic
relationships to gear up their partnership. Thus, the Indian Prime Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru made his first visit to Germany post war and its first Chancellor
Konrad Adenauer in the same year.

Also, Germany established its Consulate General in Mumbai in
1951, and established  an Embassy in New


Germany Strategic Relations:

In May 2000 both  Germany and India adopted the Agenda for the
Indo-German Partnership in the 21st Century. This included regular meetings of
both Heads of Government and the Foreign Ministers. It helped to support their
mutual interest and also helped to expand the economic and technological sector
along with Science and Culture sector.

Also in the agenda, a joint statement was agreed upon in
2006, highlighting the importance of the strategic allies relation and
expanding the relations between the two countries.

The first Consultation between the two states was held in
New Delhi in May 2011 where India and Germany discussed many global issues and
Four important MoUs were signed. Chancellor Merkel was awarded the Jawaharlal
Nehru Award for International Understanding for the year 2009.

The Second Round of Consultations was held in Berlin on 2013
and 10 MoUs in the field of vocational education and training, railways and
renewable energy were signed. Besides India is one of the first countries
outside the European Union, with whom Germany has established such a close


Importance of India-Germany relations : India has large workforce
waiting to be employed in labour market, but India lacks skilled manpower and
opportunities after skilling, while Germany’s population is ageing and it needs
workforce to keep its economy going and also can provide skill training in

Germany and India have more than $20 billion of allied trade
and Germany is the seventh-largest investor in India. Germany can play a very
important role for make in India, railway modernization, renewable energy,etc.

Germany’s engineering competencies and India’s strengths in
information technology creates significant synergies for collaboration in
innovation. Germany and India agreed to explore new collaborations under the
Digital India initiative. Both sides aim at building business through
innovation in the area of Industry. Germany and India will strengthen their
ties in facilitating research and technologies in Indian heavy industries.

As strategic partners both countries have worked closely in
matters related to trade, investment, energy, development cooperation UNSC
expansion etc.

















1.Into murky waters: Globalisation and deregulation
in Germany’s shipping employee relations.



While Germany’s employment relations are
usually seen as a high value added trust relationship built around
the publicized “new production concepts”.Using a detailed case study of the shipping
industry, the authors show how the implementation of the International Ship
Register during the late 1980s and 1990s
challenged Germany’s traditional system of
employment relations and regulatory framework. The authors conclude that
evidence from the shipping industry illustrates a strong departure
from Germany’s long?established employment relations,
where deregulation of shipping and labour law has led to the adoption of a “low
road” approach.


2.Competitive advantage of German renewable energy firms
in India: An empirical study based on Porter’s diamond.


Abstract: The
purpose of this paper is to analyze the competitive advantage of German
renewable energy firms in India. Based on Porter’s diamond model of
competitiveness, the authors examine the demand for renewable energies
in India and the ability of German firms to meet this demand. The paper provides a detailed analysis
of the factors on which the competitive advantage of German renewable energy
technologies in India is based. This helps managers of renewable
energy firms to focus on those areas where they have particular strengths and
to introduce measures to overcome potential weaknesses.


3. Indo-German
Relations: Prospect of Closer Cooperation in Turbulent Times Event as part of
India Week Hamburg 2017


Abstract: India and Germany are expected to share great
responsibility in global affairs. Each country plays a vital role within its
world region and has become increasingly visible in global politics. India’s
democratic politics, growing economy, and longing ambition to become a world
player make it a potential key partner in global standing. Germany and India
have a “strategic allies,” regular governmental meets and a collective bid for
a permanent seat in the United Nations. The panel discussion looked into the
recent dynamics of Indo-German cooperation as well as its future prospects. The
panelists addressed factors standing in the way of closer bilateral relations
and shed light on the global power shifts that may bring the two countries
closer together down the road.







4. India and
Germany: Global Partnership in 21st century.



Abstract: Cultural exchanges contribued substantially
to mutual understanding between India and Germany for long period.
Historically, cultural relations have been century’s old between the two
nations, and it becomes a firm part of the two country’s foreign policy. The
development of cultural and scientific connections helped considerably to
deepening of relations between India and Germany (Mishra 1986: 62). The
cultural relations have also developed rapidly since the establishment of
diplomatic relations. Both sides are cooperating closely in the field of
education, science, technology, drama, theatres, music and the medicine. The
cultural agreement signed on 15th January 1973, which had laid the basic
framework for cooperation in the field. Indo-German cultural exchange is based
on a cultural agreement that come into force in September 1969.


5. India and Germany: Global
Partnership in 21st century


Citation: Rothermund, Diether, “Sixty years of Indo-German
diplomatic relations,”


Abstract: The political relation between India and Germany
goes back to the late nineteenth century. Nehru meeting with West German
Chancellor Konrad Adenauer on October 10, 1960, also India was the first nation
to end the state of war with Germany in 1951 and grant the Federal Republic of
Germany diplomatic recognition. A strategic partner since 2000, there has been
significant progress in all areas of bilateral cooperation through regular
high-level talks and meetings at the head of the Government. Interestingly,
Germany expressed her viewed to disapprove “Operation Shakti” (Pokhran-II)
nuclear test, 6 yet, supported India’s waiver from the Nuclear Supply Group
(NSG) to trade nuclear materials and energy.7 Today, both countries can be
strong partners to tackle the challenges of international concern including
order and UN Security Council and other multilateral institutions reforms that
reflect the realities of 21st century and power equations, climate change,
international terrorism, establishment of stable and sustainable global
economic. Thus, how Germany’s view India and how India’s view Germany in 21st
century? To be sure, the situation today is very different from Adenauer’s and
Nehru’s eras. Still the relationship between New Delhi and Berlin needs a sense
of purpose and momentum, if not it will flounder in the near future.


















Bilateral relations between India and Germany are founded on
common democratic principles and are marked by a high degree of trust and
mutual respect. India was among
the first countries to establish diplomatic
ties with the Federal Republic of Germany after the Second World
War. Relations grew significantly following the end of the Cold War and
the reunification of Germany. In
the last decade, both economic and political interaction between India and
Germany has enhanced. Today, Germany is among India’s most important partners
both bilaterally and in the global context.


In the last decade, both economic and political interaction
between India and Germany has enhanced. Today, Germany is among India’s most
important partners both bilaterally and in the global context. India and
Germany have a ‘Strategic Partnership’ since 2000, which has been further
strengthened with the Intergovernmental Consultations (I.G.C) between the two
Governments which allows for a comprehensive review of cooperation and a
platform to identify fresh areas of engagement. India is among a select group
of countries with whom Germany has such a dialogue mechanism. The 3rd I.G.C was
held in New Delhi on October 5, 2015.





Germany has always found India as powerful, prepared and a capable
partner signalling the start of a new chapter of Indo-German
relationship.Partnership will help both countries and at the same time would be
useful in the global context.”

India and Germany has both regional and global perspectives
in their relationship. Both countries discussed new and upcoming opportunities
and challenges in Asia, Europe and the world. This discussion is important as
the ongoing flux in international politics has provided both Germany and India
a unique opportunity to become permanent allies.

German partnership is very important for making Skill India
Mission successful. It is believed that if 800 million youth get skill as per
the global standards, then the youth power of India can contribute to India’s
development. Germany has set global parameters in skill development which are
very apt for India.

Germany is known across the world for its innovation
capability as well as its democratic credentials.Innovation has also become one
of the top priorities for India and both countries can mutually assist in this
















Germany and India share the view that new initiatives in the
area of trade, bilateral investment, energy, energy security, the environment,
culture, education, training, research, technology and defence can catalyse and
activate the great potential of their bilateral ties,” said a joint statement
released at the end of the Indo-German intergovernmental consultations held in

Germany and India are determined to further expand their
cooperation in higher education, research and technology — dynamic core areas
of the Indo-German Partnership — and to open up new and innovative areas of
cooperation, the statement said.

The statement titled ‘Shaping the future together’ noted
that close trade and investment relations are a core dimension of bilateral
partnership and of great importance for the development of both the Indian and
the German economy.