Introduction which help to provide perfect medical care. ·

Introduction / Background:

Integrated Hospital Information System (IHIS) is an essential part of health informatics
that concentrate mainly on the administrational needs of hospitals. In
implementations HIS should be effective and active and for that it’s requires
to be integrated information system serve multi-department and components
synchronized. It’s designed to manage all the aspects of a hospital’s
daily needed tasks, such as administrative, medical, financial & legal
issues and the corresponding processing of services. The IHIS is originated of
information system which is part of information technology.

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Definition:

Integrated Hospital Information System (IHIS) is important to decision making tool also play
critical role in the success of the health care institutions. Computerization
of the medical records and hospital operations has resulted in efficient hospital
information management and information dissemination for the users of different
medical specialists (passwords that limits the users). The Integrated Hospital
Information System addresses the whole major functional areas of modern
multi-specialty hospitals.

 

In simple words: Integrated Hospital Information is a system
that manage different departments of the hospital information and data.

 

 

 

 

 

 Overview of functions & Different Departments of IHIS:

The Departments of IHIS:

·       
Nursing Information Systems (
NIS ):

helps in providing perfect care for people, by perform
nursing functions easily, such as improving staff tables and orders , accurate
patient charting and improve clinical data integration that effect the outcomes
positively.

·       
Physician Information Systems
( PIS ):

help in develop the practice of doctors which help to provide
perfect medical care.

·       
Radiology Information System
(RIS) :

Facilitate the Radiological aspects by provide radiology
costs (bill) services, appointment scheduling, reporting of the results and
patient database storage.

·       
Pharmacy Information Systems:

Designed to address the demands of a pharmacy department that
aims to supervise drug allergies and medication-related complications. this
system help Pharmacist and doctors to detect drug interactions.

Overview of functions:

The useful
functions of IHIS that allow healthcare organizations to serve patients.

·       
In
Registration and Appointment: reduces manual labor costs and pressure on the
front desk.

·       
In
E-Medical Records (EMR): accessibility to medical data and history records by
healthcare specialists, for example: diagnosis, analysis, treatment, and
follow-up that have been provided to a patient.

·       
Laboratory
Information (LI): ability to check the lab results & reports in any time
and it’s more accurate than manually.

·       
Radiology
Information (RI): used in data storage such as X-ray and allows access to
patients’ radiological data and imagery.

·       
Emergency System (ES): in this system help to save time by sending
alerts to healthcare organizations, while information is gathered from old
medical records.

·       
Financial System
and Insurance Management: managing medical billing and Insurance in health
organization.

 

Benefits of IHIS on
healthcare Institution Sub-Heading 02-A

Economically:

·       
Help
in saving all the record of bills.

·       
Facilitate
the paying processes.

·       
Help
in communication and connecting with insurance organizations.

·       
Save
costs of entire manual operation such as papers and X-rays.

·       
To
minimize the labor workers and saving their financial costs.

 

For physicians

·       
To
facilitate the storing and retrieving of medical data.

·       
Access
to the information in each visit

·       
Help
in diagnosis, analysis and management of cases

·       
Decrease
the effort and saving time of doctor.

·       
Help
in multidisciplinary cases.

·       
Reduce
the responsibilities of physicians.

·       
Save
and help in ethical and legal issues for doctor and patient.

·       
The sestem helping the docror to remember
things he for get to fill, EX. Dose of drug, route of administration of drug.

Another benefits:

·       
Facilitate
the flow of the medical data, Such as lab results and reports, pharmacy In
formation, administration.

·       
Help
in detect of drugs allergies and interactions.

·       
Help
in decision making.

·       
The
patients do not need to bring their fails and his medical history in each
visit.

·       
Compare
and monitoring patients conditions, Especially chronic conditions.

·        
Records affect patient safety, quality care,
efficiency.

 

Challenges and
Recommendations associated with IHIS

Challenges:

1.   
When
workers resist the computerization and develop.

2.   
Absence
of computer skills.

3.   
When
workers prefer to use the papers instead of computer

4.   
Absence
of IT professionals.

5.   
Shouting
down of the system which will negative impact on healthcare and patients.

6.   
Absence
of emergences plans.

7.   
Absence
of technical support is.

8.   
Problems
in Teaching or understanding of the systems.

9.   
High
cost of the servers and infrastructure.

 

Recommendations for IHIS users:

·       
Put
sufficient courses and programs to teach and train the users (medical staff).

·       
Give
them the time and do not rush in the training stage.

·       
Make
sure that the system is easy to use.

·       
The
technical support should be available in most of the time.

·       
The
hospital should have expectations and plans for future in case of shouting down
of the system.

·       
To
make the system more secure give for the each user specific password and easy
to remember.

·       
The
health institution should take full advantages of the system or the system will
fail.

·       
It’s
important to do maintenance regularly.

·       
promoting
motivation medical professionals and convens them about the bright side of the
system, Such as improve and reduce the financial, time and effort outcomes.

·       
Monitor
system efficiency.

 

Important Guide:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Summary and Conclusion