In trial is to explore is occupational therapy is

In
the world of natural sciences and social sciences, quantitative research is
defined as the systematic analytical study of observable phenomena using of
statistics, mathematics or computation. That is, emphasising on the analysis of
data using those techniques and these data are normally extracted through
questionnaires, polls and surveys or by working with pre-existing collected
figures by means of computational techniques. These are most commonly used to
quantify behaviours, responses, moods or attitudes to simplify results from a
larger part of the population.

Quantitative
research is used to assess the success of a specific intervention. A
quantitative study used to explore the attitude and the understanding towards
evidence-based practice of OT students in Ireland used a questionnaire as a
method of collecting data. The results show that all students formed a clear
understanding of what evidence-based practice is and that they are willing to
apply this to practice.  The findings
also showed that over half the students found it difficult to find evidence. It
also shows that students preferred using textbooks and internet to find their
evidence.  The advantage of using
questionnaires is that large amounts of information can be collected from a
variety of people, for example in this study the questionnaires could be used
to collect data from many students without many mistakes being made. Another
positive effect of using questionnaire to collect information is that the
findings can be easily quantified. However, on the other side the disadvantage
of using this method to collect quantitative data is that some people may not
answer the questions truthfully which means that the results will not be as
accurate. 

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An
example of quantitative methods used in clinical practice is a randomized
control trial of occupational therapy in patient’s treatment resistant
schizophrenia the objective of this randomized control trial is to explore is
occupational therapy is successful when combined with psychopharmacological treatment
in treatment resistant schizophrenia, it involved two groups of patients. One
group had occupational therapy session with clozapine and the second group only
had clozapine. This study was carried out over a 6-month period. The findings
were that the group that has clozapine and occupational therapy sessions
benefited more than the group which one had clozapine. The advantage of using a
randomized control trial to carry out this investigation is that this type of
method can notify clinicians which treatments are successful in practice and
which are not working effectively.  The
disadvantage of this particular randomized control trial is the trial time was
long which could have resulted in the loss of relevance, this could be because
by the time it is published practice may have moved on.  

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