In health, both in the short term and later

In the
past years, bullying has attracted a lot of attention because of how common it
is. Bullying is abuse and mistreatment of someone vulnerable by someone
stronger, more powerful typically to force him or her to do what one wants. It
can be aggressive behavior intended to hurt another person, physically or
mentally. The problem today has been repeated and occurs in places like schools,
workplaces, and social media. Bullying can start at a very young age with biting, pinching and
scratching. It gets worse, it turns into teasing, taunting and glaring, it follows
as kids get older, and they start shoving, fighting and pestering. Boys generally
threaten fight, name call, and steal. Girls generally exclude others, gossip,
and undermine friendships.

Bullying can ruin a person’s childhood psychologically,
as bullying lends to change a person’s perspective of themselves. It can ruin a
person’s health and well-being. Bullying can affect physical and emotional
health, both in the short term and later in life. It can lead to physical
injury such as black eyes, nose bleeds, bruises. It can also lead to social
problems, they start to become antisocial and they start isolating themselves.
That leads to emotional problems such as depression and they start to suffer
from anxiety. This all can lead to suicide, which plays a huge role in
bullying. Bullied victims are 7 to 9 per cent more likely to consider suicide
according to a study by Yale University (Health).

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            Bullying
has caused awareness all around the world to prevent situations like suicide
and to help kids feel comfortable around their surroundings. People have spread
awareness through workshops, shows, movies, or they’ll have speakers come to
schools to teach kids on bullying and why it’s wrong. A very influential show
that sends awareness all across the world is 13 Reasons Why. This show is about
a girl Hannah Baker who is bullied constantly, lies were spread around to ruin herself
image, kids would constantly make fun of her until one day she decided to slit
both her wrists in her bathrooms tub. After that her school became very dull,
people started to become cautious of what they did but nobody liked to speak of
the situation but it was unavoidable. The show gives a clear point that
bullying is wrong and though you might say something as a joke, the person may
take great offense to it and so you should watch what you say and do, because
it can have a huge impact on someone else’s life.

            Bullying
can come in many different ways. As stated before physical bullying can start
as young as 3 years old with biting, pinching and scratching. It gets worse, it
turns into teasing, taunting and glaring, it follows as kids get older, and
they start shoving, fighting and pestering. Physical bullying can have a dreadful
ending and that’s why it must be stopped quickly.

            Another
way of bullying which is very popular is verbal bullying. Verbal bullying can
represent many forms name calling, threats, taunts, and exclusion. Verbal
bullying can affect a person’s self-esteem, self-image, and it can also lead to
depression.  Verbal bullying can
aggravate problems that a victim may already be experiencing at home or in
other places. Sometimes verbal bullying can reach a point where the victim is
so depressed, and wants to escape so badly, that they may turn to substance
abuse.

Social bullying is another type of bully. Social bullying
sometimes referred to as relational bullying, involves hurting someone’s
reputation or relationships. Social bullying involves leaving someone out on
purpose, telling other children not to be friends with someone, spreading
rumors about someone, and embarrassing someone in public. “Social bullying
can be proactive, or used to achieve or maintain social position, gain
attention, or alleviate boredom, or it can be reactive, or retaliatory, in
nature, in response to a perceived threat or to feelings of anger, jealousy, or
betrayal” (Young, Boye, & Nelson).

The fourth type of bullying is
cyberbullying. Cyberbullying is using electronic devices, such as cell phones,
computers, and tablets, or other communication tools, including social media
sites, text messages, chat rooms, and websites. Cyberbullying can be extremely
damaging to targeted students because of the opportunity for hurtful content to
be broadcast to large audiences. Additionally, the physical and emotional
distance between those who bully online and those who are targeted can make
cyberbullying attacks crueler in nature.

While all
states have criminal laws that apply to bullying, not all have special statutes
that apply to cyberbullying or bullying that takes place outside of school.
Schools may take action either as required by law, or with local or school
policies that allow them to discipline or take other action. Some states also
have provisions to address bullying if it affects school performance.

There are many ways to stop bullying before it starts
and after it’s been going on for a while. You can help kids understand
bullying. Talk to them about bullying and how to stand up to it safely. Teaching
them that its unacceptable will make them not do it, and teach them how to get
help. You can always ask them how are they doing and if anything is bothering
them. When you get close to kids and they start to get comfortable they will
tell you everything. You can also encourage kids to do what they love. Showing
kids that they shouldn’t let anybody bring them down and showing them that the skies
the limit will confidently not let anyone ruin their mood. Model how to treat
others, show them that you should respect and be kind to everyone. Kids learn
from adult’s actions. Demonstrating that we show everyone respect and love will
teach the kids that there is no room for bullying and being mean. If you see
something, don’t stay quite because chances are the victim is in need of help
but are too scared to speak up.

There are
three kinds of sociological views on bullying. One is functionalists and they
focus on how bullying fits into a society and they try to understand why it is
needed for society to function. This approach will study if a society frowns
upon bullying or holds it in some regard meaning bullying was encouraged at a
young age to teach strength and bravery.

Interactionists are another view. They view a society as
an ongoing process and believe the way people see the world in which they live
is based majorly on the life they have lived and the experience they have
witnessed.

The conflict approach is a system of social inequalities
based on things such as class, sex, gender, race etc… They tend to look at
how these inequalities give rise to such conflict as bullying and how those
with power exploit those with less power. Conflict sociologists would also
look at how society deals with bullying from group to group and see if a person
from one race is treated differently for doing the same thing a child from
another race did.

Most people believe the
best group is the conflict approach. I also agree that the conflict approach is
best because it goes beyond just understanding the issue, and its roles in
society.  They view the circumstances that groups find themselves in that
put them in the position to bully others or to be bullied. 

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