I.Introduction discussed thoroughly. 2.Discussion 2.1 Main causes of child


Child sexual abuse or child molestation occurs when
a child is unexpectedly involved in sexual activity with older people
(Wikipedia,nd.).According to a survey (2017) at Channel VTV3, a large number of  Vietnamese people regard that children who
are sexually abused must be through a sexual contact.In fact, not only touching
gestures but  non-touching behaviours
such as showing them depraved photos, giving them aphrodisiac drugs or
capturing photos on sensitive parts of their body are also considered child
molestation. (Ethel Quayle, Kurt M. Ribisl,n.d.). Unfortunately, there has been
an alarming increase in the number of sexually abused victims recently in
Vietnam. “Between 2014 and  2016, more
than 4,100 cases of sexual violence against children were reported” (Child
sexual abuse on the rise in Vietnam,  2017), from Vietnamnews, one of the most Vietnamese
reliable online magazines.In the scope of this research, possible factors,
negative impacts and feasible solutions related to this situation would be
discussed thoroughly.

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2.1 Main causes of child sexual abuse.

There are various reasons that could be found in most of 
sexual abuse incidents in Vietnam. First of all, children often receive
inadequate care from parents. It is approximately estimated that  parents use up 7.5 in 24 hours dealing with a
bunch of work and hectic schedules while they only spend 47 minutes per week
being with their beloved children ( Daily mail reporter, 2011). Especially, in
some poor villages in Vietnam, parents whose youngster is molested are usually
industrious workers with a hope to earn enough for living and have no choice
but leave their son or daughter at home alone. (Child sexual abuse on the rise
in Vietnam”, 2017). Meanwhile, in urban areas, some families encounter
generation gaps.Therefore, family members hardly discover similar features from
others or sit down together for frequent talk and share. (Douglas
Holwerda,2017). In addition, there is a common misunderstanding among
Vietnamese adults that molested victims are only females with the percentage of
90% people asked in a VTV24’s survey .(Thuc trang au dam o Vietnam, 2016). In
fact,it is recorded that 1 in 6 boys are prone to be abused just in the average
age of 9 (Mike Lew, 2004).

Secondly, lack in general awareness about this
situation appears to be a great chance for “bluebeards” to get access to
children.Most of kids are less aware of possibly abusing risks coming from
people who are close to them. In their naive world, their neighbor, uncle,
brother or even father can never do anything to harm them. (Ruth Porter, 1984). Sadly, they can.
In order to fulfil sexual desire, those cold-blooded evils would betray the
victim’s belief and turn him or her into a slave serving for their sexual
purposes. (Charlotte Vale-Allen,2002
). Colonel Nguyen Huu Su, deputy
director at Ministry of Public Security claimed that “Most child sex offenders
have close relationship with their victims such as teachers, relatives, or
neighbors”. (VOA, 2017).

Thirdly, the issue would be more serious due to
silence from victims’family.(Kathryn Brohl, Joyce Case Potter, 2004). Vietnamese
belief and opinions are told to be influenced by some Asian countries such as
China, Thailand and Korea. Virginity seems to be considered vital.(ErshengGao, XiayunZuo, Li Wang,ChaohuaLou,Yan Cheng,and Laurie S. Zabin, 2011).
Moreover, sex is regarded as sensitive or even impolite issue to refer.(Carene
Chong, 2012). As a result, parents whose victim tend to
be really scared that their little kid’s future would end up in rumors and
disparage. Rather than reporting the crime, they often move to another place
and pray that their youngster could soon suffer from that nightmare (Thu Van,

2.2 Consequences of child sexual abuse.

to the article “Effects of Child Sexual
Abuse on Victims” (2011) from National Center for Victims of Crime, sexually
abused victims, especially kids may suffer from severe both short-term and
long-term effects. It also pointed out some obvious consequences such as
uncontrollable performance, poor sleeping quality, and atrocious academic achievement at school. Significantly, this kind
of  child maltreatment leads to a number
of  unavoidable issues. (Fergusson & Mullen, 1999). Regarding psychological aspects, abused
children are more likely to be more vulnerable, depressed and have lower
self-esteem. (Harry Croft, 2016). Some might cope with
depressive disorder for a long period. Lynn
Daugherty believes that
some appear to have distorted perspective on sex and marriage. ( Why
Me? Help for Victims of Child Sexual Abuse (Even if they are adults now), 2006).
Meanwhile, others could not overcome obsession, leading
to a dreadful decision – suicide. (Sabine Dardenne, 2006).

 Turning to
another point, an increase in child abuse could put a heavy strain on medical
expenses.National surveys  recorded that
40 in 1000 abortion cases in Vietnam are due to molestation
annually ( citied in Article Prevalence and Factors Associated with Teen
Pregnancy in Vietnam: Results from Two National Surveys,  Huong Nguyen, ChengshiShiu ,and Naomi Farber,
2016).In the USA, government spend  $220
million per day for this issue. (Estimated Annual Cost of Child Abuse and
Neglect, 2012).Taking a wealthy nation like the USA could partly bring the
whole sene of how huge financial budget that Vietnam, a developing country have
to face on this situation. In fact, there have been a significant number of  Vietnamese victims receiving physical and
mental treatment at public hospitals. (Luong Ngoc, 2017). As their pains are
really massive, the therapy has become more
complicated and costlier than ever. Besides, Lowy G argues ” Although only 2% to 10% of abused children become infected,
childhood syphilis, gonorrhea, condylomataacuminata, and chlamydia trachomatis
must always be considered”. (Sexually transmitted diseases in children, 1992).
In Vietnam, the number of  infected kids
tends to be lower. However, the risks of spreading those diseases through
unprotected sexual contacts are possible. (Nguyen Khanh Chi, 2017).

2.3 Suggested solutions to chil