GAUTENG DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
TSHWANE SOUTH (D4)
EXAMINER: J.C MALULEKA MODERATOR: R. HAFFEJEE
TIME: 2 hours
This paper consists of 11 pages
INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION
1. This question paper consists of THREE sections, namely SECTION A, SECTION B and SECTION C.
SECTION A: COMPREHENSION (30 marks)
SECTION B: SUMMARY (10 marks)
SECTION C: LANGUAGE IN CONTEXT (30 marks)
2. Read ALL the instructions carefully.
3. Answer ALL the questions.
4. Start each SECTION on a NEW page.
5. Rule off after each section.
6. Number the answers correctly according to the numbering system used in this question paper.
7. Leave a line after each answer.
8. Pay special attention to spelling and sentence construction.
9. Use the following time frames as a guideline:
SECTION A: 50 minutes
SECTION B: 25 minutes
SECTION C: 45 minutes
10. Write neatly and legibly.
SECTION A: COMPREHENSION
QUESTION 1: READING FOR MEANING AND UNDERSTANDING
Read TEXTS A and B below and answer the questions.
Fake Foods Are Threatening South Africa’s Most Vulnerable People
Most are unaware that counterfeit food and drink could be dangerous.
By Thato Mahlangu
1. Food counterfeiting threatens the world’s most vulnerable people, and more and more people in South Africa are believed to be consuming food and drink that’s putting their health at risk. Businesses in South Africa — especially in townships and rural areas — have been accused of selling fake food items, including meat, bread, and cool-drinks.
2. Often these products are cheap and are in high demand, and many poorer people are left with little choice but to buy and consume these products. But most of these people are unaware of the health implications of consuming these food items. The National Department of Health said this week it has seen with concern the food-related videos that are circulating on social media about the alleged “unsafe” manufacturing of certain fake foods. The department added that it believes this “fake” and expired produce that’s allegedly being sold to unsuspecting customers is damaging their health.
3. “Due to the high volumes of complaints received by the department in the past few days, we take these allegations seriously as potentially dangerous to human health,” Popo Maja, the department’s spokesperson, told Global Citizen. The department added in a statement: “While the authenticity of these videos cannot be verified, some cases are currently being investigated by the environmental health practitioners based in municipalities. We have the responsibility to determine if there is truth to these allegations, and where necessary take urgent action against perpetrators.”
4. According to a statement released by the national Department of Health, they have noted with concern, food related videos that are circulating on social media about the alleged ‘unsafe’ manufacturing of certain fake foods in South Africa.
5. One mother Bongekile Nkosi, from Tembisa, east of Johannesburg, told Global Citizen that her daughter had become ill because of counterfeit foods. “The first time my daughter Phindi became ill I never suspected that it might be the bread we brought the night before at a shop nearby,” she said, pointing out that Phindi, 12, had had no allergies before the incident.
6. “It was as though she had eaten something that was poisonous, and I feared for her life as I had never seen her so ill,” Nkosi added. As Phindi’s condition worsened, Nkosi reportedly went to see a doctor, who confirmed that ingredients used in the bread were making her child sick. “Her immune system was attacked by a raising agent that was put in that bread which the caused her to have diarrhoea and develop what seemed like a cold,” Nkosi continued. “She had a bad rash which I had mistaken for an allergy.” But Nkosi, like most people, had no idea that many food products being made available to her in shops hadn’t been approved by organisations like the National Regulator for Compulsory Specifications (NRCS).
7. The NRCS forms part of the South African Bureau of Standards body and it inspects, regulates, certifies, and tests products before they reach consumers. “But these shops are not inspected, so we are sold harmful products which we consume unknowingly,” Nkosi said. Many businesses, both formal and informal, have come under the spotlight in recent months, according to the Department of Health, for selling potentially counterfeit food products that could be putting South Africans at risk. Maja highlighted several foods and drinks that have been described as fake, harmful, or expired, after surfacing on social media, including beef, mutton, bread, margarine, syrup being sold as honey, baked beans in a fish tin, and coke with “things” moving inside. Paul Sanders from Eersterust in Pretoria told Global Citizen he believes these fake products not only have an impact on health, but also on the economy.
Adapted from Global Citizen 2018
QUESTIONS: TEXT A
1.1 Refer to paragraph 1 and 2.
1.1.1 How does the National Department of Health feel about the food related videos
that are circulating on social media? (2)
1.1.2 In your own words, state the writer’s main concern in paragraph 1 and
paragraph 2. (2)
1.1.3 According to paragraph 2, why do customers buy fake or expired foods that
are bad for their health? (2)
1.2 Refer to paragraphs 3, 4 and 6.
1.2.1 Briefly explain, “Due to the high volumes of complaints received…we take these allegations seriously as potentially dangerous to human health,” within the context of the passage. (2)
1.2.2 Quote one word from line 27 that reveals that the fake foods are so dangerous that they can kill. (2)
1.2.3 In your opinion, how do fake goods affect the economy? (2)
1.3 Refer to paragraph 6
1.3.1 State how the mother feels about her daughter’s condition. Substantiate your answer. (2)
1.4 Refer to paragraph 7
1.4.1 Supply one word for the writer’s attitude towards counterfeit goods. (1)
Consumer Commission tackles ‘potentially harmful’ fake food products
File picture: David Ritchie/African News Agency (ANA)
1. JOHANNESBURG – The National Consumer Commission (NCC) on Monday said it was dealing with allegations of illicit fake and potentially harmful food products, said to be manufactured by operators of small informal shops, and sold to unsuspecting, vulnerable consumers in various parts of the country.
2. NCC spokesperson Trevor Hattingh said the NCC had already begun to engage with other relevant authorities, including the South African Police Services (SAPS), the National Department of Health, and the National Regulator for Compulsory Specifications, about issues that have been raised on social networks, and was coordinating the formulation of a strategy to best deal with the allegations and the perpetrators, of what appears to be criminal activities.
3. NCC Commissioner Ebrahim Mohamed said that the NCC was gathering more information, as well as evidence related to the allegations. He is calling on the public to work with the authorities in this regard. “Whilst we condemn any effort by business to expose consumers to any form of harm, we appeal to communities to not take the law into their own hands. As authorities, we are working on mechanisms to decisively and rationally deal with the allegations and the perpetrators, within the confines of the law,” stressed Mohamed.
4. In the past week, the NCC said it had learnt about messages on social networks, expressly mobilising communities to engage in protest action against foreign-owned small businesses in various parts of the country, on Wednesday.
IOL / 27 AUGUST 2018
QUESTIONS: TEXT B
1.5 Refer to paragraph 1 and 2.
1.5.1 According to you why is the NCC dealing with allegations of illicit fake and
potentially harmful food products? (2)
1.5.2 Supply an antonym for “manufactured”, (line 3) (1)
1.5.3 Explain what is ironic about the Commissioner calling on the public to work with
the authorities. (2)
1.6 Refer to paragraph 3, line 14.
1.6.1 Explain what the word “mechanisms” implies in the context of the paragraph. (2)
1.7 Refer to paragraph 6.
1.7.1 Rewrite the following statement to clarify what the writer is saying:
“We appeal to communities to not take the law into their own hands.” (2)
QUESTIONS: TEXT A AND TEXT B.
1.8 Refer to text A and text B.
1.8.1 Briefly state what text A and text B have in common. (2)
1.8.2 By referring to text B, do you think that the communities’ protest against fake
foods is necessary? (2)
1.8.3 Explain how the work of the NRCS in text A differs from the work that is done 4
by the NCC in text B. (2)
TOTAL SECTION A: 30
SECTION B: SUMMARY
QUESTION 2: SUMMARISING IN YOUR OWN WORDS
The passage below (TEXT C) is an article about the South African legislation concerning counterfeit goods.
As part of a research project, you were asked to make a summary on the work of the Counterfeit Goods Act (“CGA”) in South Africa. This will be used at a later stage with other articles that have been summarised.
You are required to do the following:
• Using your own words, summarise the passage in a fluent paragraph of 80 – 90 words
• Indicate your word count at the end of your summary.
• You are NOT required to provide a title for the summary.
• Marks will be deducted if you ignore these instructions.
Closing the curtain on counterfeiting.
In South Africa, the Counterfeit Goods Act (“CGA”) is the principal legislation dealing with counterfeit goods. The CGA provides mechanisms for proprietors of registered trademarks, copyright and marks protected by the Merchandise Marks Act to take speedy and effective action against persons who are suspected of dealing in counterfeit goods, on both a civil and criminal basis.
In terms of the CGA it is an offence to deal in counterfeit goods. “Dealing” covers a wide range of activities and includes selling, manufacturing, producing and exporting counterfeit goods. The CGA allows brand owners who suspect someone of dealing in counterfeit goods – to lay a complaint with an inspector (including a police official holding the rank of sergeant or higher or the Commissioner for Customs and Excise). An inspector has wide-ranging powers to tackle counterfeiting activities, including seizing and detaining the counterfeit goods. Persons found guilty of dealing in counterfeit goods can be fined up to R5000 – for each infringing article or a maximum of three years imprisonment, or both (for a first-time offender). Owners of registered trademarks, copyright owners, and owners of marks protected by the Merchandise Marks Act works may also apply to the Commissioner for Customs and Excise to seize and detain suspected counterfeit goods being imported into South Africa.
To utilise the Counterfeit Goods Act, a registered trade mark, copyright in a specific work (such as the artwork of the label on the packaging) or a mark protected by the Merchandise Marks Act is required. It is accordingly important to ensure that proprietors register their trade marks (brand names, logos etc) and keep a proper record of the ownership of copyright in works, to be able to act swiftly and effectively against counterfeiters. The CGA does not apply to other intellectual property rights such as patents and designs.
Apart from the legal measures provided by the CGA, proprietors can protect their packaging against counterfeiting by obtaining a registered design covering their packaging, by filing a design application. It may be possible for the proprietor of a registered design to obtain an interdict against a counterfeiter and/or a court order authorising seizure of goods supplied by the counterfeiter which infringe the registered design.
It is important to consider the filing of registered design and patent applications before disclosing the inventions or designs to the public in any way. To avoid becoming the next victim of 21st century crime, a proprietor should ensure that all intellectual property is secured by trade mark, patent and design applications where applicable.
TOTAL SECTION B: 10
SECTION C: LANGUAGE IN CONTEXT
QUESDTION 3: ANALYSING ADVERTISING
Study the following advertisements (TEXTS D and E) and answer the set questions.
QUESTIONS TEXT D
3.1 Which target market is the advertisement aimed at? (1)
3.2 Referring to the advertisement as a whole discuss the effectiveness of the graphics. (2)
3.3 Give a reason why you would, or would not buy counterfeit goods? (2)
3.4 What do the advertisers hope to achieve with this advert? Substantiate your answer. (2)
QUESTIONS TEXT E
3.5 Explain the ambiguity in “genuine fake watches”. (2)
3.6 Comment on the use of the labels “Gucci, Rolex…” in the background. (1)
QUESTION 4: UNDERSTANDING OTHER ASPECTS OF THE MEDIA
Study TEXTS F and G and then answer the set questions.
QUESTIONS TEXT F
4.1 Referring to the two friends, discuss the contrast between frames 1 and 4, focusing on their actions. (3)
4.2 What is the reason for the second friend adding the word “pager” to the end of his sentence in frame 4? (2)
QUESTIONS TEXT G
4.3 Comment on the effectiveness of the use of the word “free” in frame 1. (2)
4.4 It is obvious that Bucky believes that he has been treated unfairly. Refer to his body language to prove this statement. Give two points. (2)
4.5 The dog repeats the word “Smooshing beans is illegal” in frame 4. What does this suggest about him? (1)
QUESTION 5: TEXTUAL EDITING
Read TEXT H, which contains some deliberate errors, and answer the set questions.
Man arrested for allegedly smuggling counterfeit goods worth R17m
1. Rustenburg – A 42-year-old man was arrested at Kopfontein border post between South Africa and Botswana for allegedly smuggling R17 million worth of counterfeit goods into the country, North West police said on Thursday. Police spokesperson Captain Sam Tselanyane said the man was arrested on Tuesday.
2. “It is alligated that on Tuesday, 11 September, at about 22:15, a truck arrived at the border’s searching point. “According to information received, the meritorious member who was on duty went to notify customs officials about the truck. The member realised when he returned that the truck driver drove off without permission and a chase ensued. The truck was stopped about two kilo-metres from the border and redirected back to the border for further veryfication of goods that were in transit,” he said.
3. Two trailers were fully loaded with 200 boxes of counterfeit footwear, with an estimated value of R17 million. He said preliminary investigation revealed that the driver only declared and produced a manifesto for can lids. “The authenticity of the goods was verified and were declared counterfeit. A case of smuggling of counterfeit goods was registered.”
4. The suspect appeared at the Lehurutshe Magistrate’s Court.
IOL / 13 SEPTEMBER 2018
QUESTIONS TEXT H
5.1 Is this extract based on Fact or Opinion? Give a reason for your answer. (2)
5.2 Why has the writer chosen to make use of the dash in paragraph 1? (1)
5.3 Supply a homophone for the word “border” in line 1. (1)
5.4 Identify the grammatical error in the phrase, “It is alligated that on Tuesday…” in line 5. (2)
5.5 What part of speech is the word “meritorious” in line 6? (1)
5.6 Identify and correct the spelling error in paragraph 2. (1)
5.7 “Two trailers were fully loaded with 200 boxes of counterfeit footwear, with an estimated value of R17 million”. Rewrite the sentence and underline the adjectival clause. (1)
5.8 Supply the noun for “appeared” (line 16). (1)
TOTAL SECTION C: 30
GRAND TOTAL: 70