From availability is always alive in our society. As

From Desroches’s study,
it is quite evident that drug trafficking is a risky job to handle so the drug
traffickers will be highly alert about what they do and make sure that drugs
availability is always alive in our society. As drugs are a global issue and
spreading everywhere just like a wildfire and taking over young generations
lives, the government of all nation feels
like it needed to be controlled so they
introduced different acts for drug prohibitions all around the world. Police started
fighting so hard to keep away more drugs flowing into our societies. Some of the prominent anti-drug acts that came
into action in United Kingdom were “Dangerous Drug Act (1967), Drug Trafficking
Offence Act, Central Drugs and Illegal Immigration Unit (Scotland) and Misuse
of Drug Act (an act for controlling
misuse of drug prohibition acts) “(South, 2017) and some acts that were
prominent in USA are ” Federal Bureau of Narcotics (1930), US Repeals Alcohol
Prohibitions (1933), US Narcotics Control Act (1956), War on drugs (military
intervention for the prohibition of drugs
initiated in 1971)” (South, 2017). With these prohibitions police also started
using many strategies and planning to control drug use and reduce its
availability on the streets. War on drug policing was an unsuccessful military
intervention program to control drugs as it fallen short in weakening the
street level drug activities that were taking place because the accessibility
of drugs was too high on the street market and the price started falling
less than usual price (Cooper, 2016). According to Cooper “Evaluations of
specific tactics, such as raids on crack houses and crackdowns, suggest that their
effects on drug availability are minimal, decay rapidly, and may displace drug
activity to other areas and increase drug-related violence” (2016).

 

When policing of drugs is not well organized enough to control it the drug-related crime rate will also peek up. “Violence related to drug selling is commonly seen in urban areas and it is an integral part of drug markets all around the
world”(Werb et al, 2010). One of the most enlarging drug-related crime is DUI (driving under the influence), this might not cause problems for
the person driving but for public it will
surely cause problems, for instance, the
person under the influence can end up killing someone which consider under
murder charges and this will also cause property damages (Caulkins, 2014). Another
and the most prominent reason why crime
rates increases is due to the need for more money to buy drugs, drug addict
often act violent crimes for this reason, they get involved in drug trafficking
as a result of this and other types of crimes related are fraud, theft,
breaking into others property and robbery(Casavant et al, 2001). While these
violent crimes are committed by men, women,
on the other hand, makes money by working as prostitutes on the street to buy
drugs, while these crimes are carried out by a drug
addict, it does not mean all drug addicts resort themselves to violent crimes to get drugs (Casavant et al, 2001).

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It is not just drugs that pose a challenge to
law and order but gangs too. Drugs and gangs are correlated in different ways
because gangs are the reason why drug availability increases in our society. Being
in a gang gives a lot of benefits to youth, being a member creates a sense of identity, gives a sense of security and let
them make a lot of money. The common crimes that we all know that gangs do are
robbery, vandalism, theft, coercion, kidnapping, killing and drug trafficking.
Out of this, drug trafficking is the number one challenge they posing to the
law and order system of the country.  They
use violence as a means to get their things done; it is very common to see a
gang controlling certain streets through violence to embellish their drug
market and sales. “They also use violent crimes such as murder, rape, gun and
knife offenses to spread fear in order to keep control of their territory and they are getting more
ruthless ” (Morris, 2016).Researchers who have conducted studies on gang
observed that “joining a gang is a crucial life course transition that
facilitates or enhances participation in violence” (Bellair, 2014). This observation
does not exclude gang followers and make a difference between those who sell
drugs and those who do not trade it, hence it is really an inflexible topic to discuss and conclude about the relationship
between gangs, drug trade, and violence. Bellair
et al described that “gang members are more violent when they occupy the status
of a drug seller (2014). An example of
this statement is: