Education Our vision is for a highly educated society

Education System of


Vision of Ministry of Education:

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                                                          Our vision is for a highly educated society in
which opportunity is more equal for children and young people no matter what
their background for family circumstances.

Aims and Objectives of Education in UK:

Ø Acquire necessary knowledge, skills and
attitudes for the development of the self and the nation.

Ø Promote love for and loyalty to the nation.

Ø Enhance understanding and respect for own and
other peoples cultures and their place in contemporary society.

Ø Promoter harmonious co-existence among the
peoples of kenya.

Ø Promote positive environmental and health

Ø Develop ability for enquiry, critical thinking
and rational judgment.

Ø Promote acceptance and respect for all

Ø Enhance enjoyment in learning.

Ø Identify individual talents and develop them.

Ø Build a foundation for technological and
industrial development.

Educational Policy:

·       Education in United Kingdom is supervised by
Ministry of Education and Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.

·       At the local level, local Government are
responsible for implementing policy for public education and sate schools.

·       State provided free education to students.

·       Parents can choose to educate their children
in any way appropriate.

·       Education is compulsory between ages 5-16

·       But attending school is not compulsory (Home

·       The school years runs from September to July
(39 weeks).

·       Most schools require students to wear school

·       Almost all schools whether private or public
choose to follow the national curriculum.


Structure of Basic Education in United Kingdom:

Ø Foundation
Stage          3-5 years

Ø Key Stage One              5-7 years

Ø Key Stage Two             7-11 years

Ø Key Stage Three           11-14 years

Ø Key Stage Four             14-16 years

Ø Post 16
Education         11-16 mandate to 11-18

Structure of Higher Education in United Kingdom

Ø First degree (Ordinary
Degree)                             Undergraduates
(3 Years)

Ø Honours degree                                          4-years

Ø Master’s degree                                          2 more

Ø Doctorate                                                    3
years full time


Types of Schools in UK:

Ø Community Schools:

                             Established and
fully funded by Local Authorities.

Ø Foundation Schools:

                                      Funded by local
authorities but are own by the school governing bodies or a charitable

Ø Voluntary Schools:

established by voluntary bodies mainly churches and they are now largely funded
by local authorities.

School Timing:

School day

?  School lasts from
9am until 3:20pm

?  Lessons are 1 hour
and 15 minutes long.

?  There is a break in
the morning at 11:40am which lasts 20 minutes.

?  At break time Pupils
eat a snack.


?  Lunch is at 1:15 until 2pm.

?  Students stay in school and they either bring their
own lunch in a lunch box or they can buy lunch from the school canteen and
enjoy the lunch.


National Curriculum


What is a National Curriculum?

national curriculum sets out the body of knowledge, skills and understanding
that a society wishes to pass on to its children and young people.

?  UK introduced a National Curriculum in the year 1992

?  Full time education is compulsory for all children
age between 5 to 16 years old.

?  General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) 16
years old.

?  After GCSE go to A level Qualification.




Core Subjects

o   English

o   Mathematics

o   Science





Design and

Information and
Communications Technology



Sex and
Relationship Education



Addition Subjects

addition to these core subjects:

Ø Religious Education

Ø Career Education

Ø Sex Education



Differences between
Education Systems in Pakistan and UK





Ø In
Pakistan education is a federal as well as provincial function.

Ø In
the UK education is the responsibility of each country.


Ø In
Pakistan the education system is three-tier: elementary (grade 1-8),
secondary (grade 9-12) and tertiary or higher education after 12 years
Ø Secondary
education in Pakistan lasts for four years (grade 9-12). It is catered in
government secondary and higher secondary schools; most of these schools have
middle classes as well.
Ø Elementary
education is split up into primary (grade 1-5) and elementary middle (grade
6-8) and is catered in primary and elementary schools.
Ø In
Pakistan, school curricula for grades 1-12 is the responsibility of the
Ministry of Education, Curriculum Wing,
Ø In
Pakistan, assessment and examinations from grades 1 to 12 is the function of
the provincial and or districts governments.
Ø In
Pakistan, the supervision and management of school education is mainly the
responsibility of district governments.
Ø Pakistani
educational institutions lack in trained teachers, handful teaching and
physical resources.

Ø Across
the UK there are five stages of education: early years, primary, secondary,
further education and higher education.
Ø In
the UK secondary schools generally cater education of age group 12-16 or
sometimes 12-17 or 18 wherein students join A- levels.
Ø In
some countries of the UK primary level is further split up into two stages
like in England and wales. The six years primary is split up into key stage 1
(year 5-6) and key stage 2 (years 7-11).
Ø In
the UK, curriculum formulation process varies across the four countries.
Ø In
the UK, national curriculum tests are statutory in England; there are no such
statutory tests in Scotland, rather these are at the discretion of teachers
at the age group of 7 and 11.
Ø In
the UK, the system of school inspection is more structured especially in
England and Wales.
educational institutions rich in trained teachers, handful teaching and
physical resources.

Similarities between Education
System of Pakistan and UK


Ø Higher education in Pakistan starts after the completion
of grade 12. It is carried out in universities, colleges and other such
institutions. In the UK, like Pakistan students on the completion of secondary
education enroll in universities or other general or professional colleges.

Ø In both Pakistan and the UK, the duration of PhD is
at least three years and mostly routed through M.Phil in the relevant

Ø In both Pakistan and the UK, the duration of PhD is
at least three years and mostly routed through M.Phil.

Ø One of a common feature between Pakistan and the UK
especially England and Wales that the comparative gap of performance of boys
and girls is increasing.

Ø Both Pakistan and the UK employ formative and
summative assessment at all levels of education but relatively with more
structured form in the UK.

Ø With the recent changes in regard to duration of
first degree and fixing minimum standards for curriculum of various higher
education programmers, the gaps between Pakistan and UK education systems are
expected to be minimized.


Ø The study reveals inter provincial little difference
and marked similarities in Pakistan but in the case of the UK differences
across the four territories are relatively more prominent than similarities.

Ø In Pakistan with regard to educational and training
responsibility, educational structure and school curricula, there seems to be
similarity as policy and plan rests with the function of the federal government
and hence each provincial government has to follow the national policies, plans
and curricula for grade 1-12 developed or revised from time to time. In the UK,
differences are more prominent across the four countries.






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