Dystopian Narratives as Represented in Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go and Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World
Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go, in its narrowest sense, is about Kathy H, who at 31 is looking back on her curious English boarding-school days at a place called Hailsham. Kathy’s world seems so logical, the surface of her language so steady and normal for the reader, that it takes the reader a little time to discover the disturbing facts of the lives she describes. Never Let Me Go takes place in almost exactly a normal vision of a world in 1990s England where human cloning is succeeded practice. Yet at the very beginning, there is no implication about the facts of the society which she’s in because of the narration. On the other hand, Brave New World begins in a strictly controlled society. The reader joins the story as a group of young students are receiving a factory tour of in some kind of center from the center’s director, whose name is The Director. It’s all a little creepy. The Director explains to the students how they produce humans through bottles and then how they process them to believe certain moral “truths.” According to this operation, each person exists to serve the community. These two novels were written in a different time period and the authors all use different aspects of their societies as backgrounds for their books. But dystopias, in spite of being fiction, are directly connected to the author’s present time in terms of society. This paper, in the second chapter, gives historical background information providing definitions for different dystopian concepts and the origin of the term dystopia. Also, it gives information about how different dystopian systems work, the characterization of dystopian protagonists and how the state versus the individual generally works throughout the narrations. Both texts portray how technological advancements can have ethical, social, and psychological consequences which are not necessarily beneficial for the human condition. However, their approaches to these issues are quite different. Although according to some critics Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go can be seen as an example of utopian literature, it will be discussed as a dystopian literature because of its narration and dystopian features within itself. This paper focuses on Kazuro Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go and Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World and argues their approaches to the concept of dehumanization, repression of the powerful one. These are highlighted as dystopian features in the text in eight basic manners: a) Totalitarian climate, b) Religion, c) Science, d) Culture and language, e) History and memory, f) Surveillance, g) Sexuality and woman and lastly h) Reproduction.
Otherwise, the state will degenerate into a social hell that will neutralize any fulfillment of the individual or pleasure different from that proposed by the ruling power.