Describe the fundament of human rights. Recognizing an interdependent

Describe
the relationship between democracy and human rights

Human rights and democracy relationships are one of
the most classical questions of legal and political theory. Human rights and
democracy have progressively been internationalised since 1945.If a nation
respects human rights it automatically may be considered to be a democracy and
a democracy automatically respects human rights. We can say that a democracy is
built on the fundament of human rights.

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Recognizing
an interdependent link: Participants of UN agreed that the
relationship between democracy and human rights is interdependent, intricate,
mutually supportive and symbiotic ? with some participants proposing that the
most appropriate term to use is ‘mutually constitutive’. They think that democracy
cannot be defined without human rights and human rights also can be protected
effectively only in a democratic state. A functional democracy that
accommodates diversity, promotes equality and protects individual freedoms is
increasingly becoming the best bet against the concentration of power in the
hands of a few and the abuse of human rights that inevitably results from it.
In turn, the greatest protection of human rights emanates from a sustainable
democratic framework grounded in the rule of law.

Responding
to the calls for democratic governance and rights:
The exciting call for change in Africa and the Middle East was viewed as a
combination of a call for sustainable and inclusive democratic governance with
a call for rights. Democratic reforms and the restoration of human rights
protections are seen as parts of the same vision of change. Both democracy and
human rights are advancing globally: there are more democratic and free
elections taking place throughout the world, and human rights are observed more
than ever before. There has also been advancement in mechanisms of protection
and promotion of human rights. The Arab Spring has re-energized the democracy
support community, motivating people to act and confirming to the international
community that it is on the right track in its efforts to prioritize this
issue.

Deepening
the understanding of a rights based approach to democracy:
The participants struggled with the concept of a rights based approach to
democracy. While the rights based approach to development directly changed the
quality of development assistance, a rights based approach to democracy,
although equally valid, has proved more difficult. Democracy is a complicated
and time consuming system. Nevertheless, its description as the ‘least worst’
form of government is just another version of the phrase ‘best but challenging
and uneasy’. While building democracy, it is essential to remember that
‘functionality’, ‘effectiveness’ and ‘efficiency’ must be among its
constitutive features.

Supporting sustainable rights based democracy
building: The issue of sustainability was also debated, with participants noting
that human rights based democracy can take a long time to build up. Nor is it a
linear, cumulative process and it can collapse easily. A creeping
de-democratization can take the form of small adjustments though affecting
important elements of political structures. A sustainable rights based
democracy requires, among other things, that citizens are knowledgeable about
their rights, that public political participation is encouraged through
elections and active involvement in local government, and that institutional
accountability and transparency are ensured.