Czech that borders the countries of Poland, Germany, Austria,

Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe that borders the countries of Poland, Germany, Austria, and Slovakia. Czech Republic is strategically located astride some of the oldest land routes in Europe. The geography of Czech Republicconsists of rolling hills and plains.                         Comparison of the temperature trends in 1961 – 1990 and 1991 – 2008 shows that the average annual temperature increased by 0.8?C between these two periods, with the greatest temperature increase in January and August (by 1.5?C) and the smallest in September, October and December (about 0.2?C). … The trend in increase in the average annual temperature since 1961 corresponds to 0.33?C/10 years; the winter and summer trends are higher, corresponding to 0.44?C/10 years and 0.43?C/10 years, while the lowest temperature increase is in the autumn (0.08?C/10 years)In the Czech Republic conditions, climate change is seen to cause especially the more significant weather events manifested by more frequent torrential rains, longer droughts, heat waves, warmer and wetter winters with smaller amounts of snow, etc. Between now and 2030, an increase in average annual temperatures of 0.24?C/10 years is projected. This corresponds well with global values and values given for Europe (0.2?C/10 years (2)). With respect to 1961 – 1990, the median estimate of average annual temperature in 2030 is projected to be 1.2?C higher (1).Adaptation Strategy of the Czech Republic focuses on all priority areas affected by climate change in the Czech Republic: 1) Forest management 2) Agriculture   3) Water regime in the landscape and water management   4) Urban landscape   5) Biodiversity and ecosystem services 6) Health and hygiene 7) Tourism and recreation 8) Transportation 9) Industry and energy sector 10) Emergency events and protection of the population and the environment The Climate Protection Policy of the Czech Republic was adopted by the Czech government in March 2017 and replaced former National Programme to Abate the Climate Change Impacts in the Czech Republic. The Policy defines main objectives in the climate protection at the national level to ensure the fulfilment of the greenhouse gas emission reduction objectives in order to reach international commitments of the Czech Republic. Furthermore it contributes towards gradual long-term transition to sustainable low emission economy.Primary emission reduction targetsGreenhouse gas reduction of 32 Mt CO2eq. compared to 2005 until 2020 Greenhouse gas reduction of 44 Mt CO2eq. compared to 2005 until 2030Indicative emission reduction targetsIndicative level towards 70 Mt CO2eq.of emitted greenhouse gases in 2040Indicative level towards 39 Mt CO2eq.of emitted greenhouse gases in 2050                                                                       

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