Carl Therapy (RCCT) was focused on the idea of

Carl Rogers During the rise of behavioral and psychodynamic psychotherapies, Carl Rogers proposed new approach towards the patient in a therapeutic environment. Rogerian Client- Centered Therapy (RCCT) was focused on the idea of self-actualization previously created by Abraham Maslow. Rogers strongly disagreed with behaviourism and psychoanalysis, saying that the nature of our behavior lays in the way we perceive the situation. “The best vantage point for understanding behavior is from the internal frame of reference of the individual two himself” Rogers, 1951, p 494. Based on this idea Client-Centered Therapy gives the client a lot of autonomy during therapy.  According to Rogers, every human being has a capacity to make a positive change in the process of self-actualization. Therapist’s role is to create a safe environment by unconditional positive regard. ‘It is that the individual has within himself or herself vast resources for self-understanding, for altering his or her self-concept, attitudes and self-directed behavior – and that these resources can be tapped if only a definable climate of facilitative psychological attitudes can be provided’. In RCCT therapeutic environment should be free from judgement and filled with empathy. The main method to achieve that is active listening and non-directness of the therapeutist. The goals in this therapy are to increase self-worth, reduce the difference between ideal and actual self and to help the person become more fully functioning person. One of the controversial aspects of Rogerian Theory is its individualistic nature. Rogers emphasized the importance of autonomy of an individual, which according to some researchers is a product of a modern Western society, not being able to work in other cultures. Focusing on the person and rejecting the idea of society and authority in personal growth Rogers failed to realize the power of the community and the environment in the process of creation our ideals and behaviors.  Behaviorists argued that patients’ problems lay in the inappropriate social behaviours and therapist’s main goal is to create appropriate social skills and behaviours. Without a doubt Client-Centered Therapy influenced the forms of therapy used nowadays. Nevertheless

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