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Blanka BajkaMarijke Van der Hiel World Geography 8.2January 24, 2018Chad’s Education Cause and Effect EssayIn Chad, some educational institutions are so lacking that “Some children in grade 6 are still unable to write their own name” (UNICEF).While it could be argued that low literacy rates and high levels of economically active children in Chad is a result of the mere need for money, the poor educational system continues to be a key contributor to these factors. Until Chad’s government makes the correct decisions in order to improve their country’s education, literacy rates will continue to drop and economically active children will become more common.  Chad is a landlocked country in central Africa, where all levels of education have been a problem for a long time, especially primary education, and lack thereof. Daniel Pelz, currently coordinating editor of Deutsche Welle’s Africa and Middle East Department, cites “Poor teachers, poor curricula, and no classrooms,” in his article “Poor marks for Africa’s schools”. (Pelz) In the same article, Reiner Klingholz, director of the Berlin Institute for Population and Development, shows a strikingly similar view, saying “It is because the teaching and the curricula are poor and the infrastructure – such as school buildings- is wanting.” (Pelz). Since there is inadequate funding, children have to study in terrible conditions, and teaching quality is very low as most people taking up educating posts are not well trained and lack materials to teach students with. This problem is showcased by Chad’s educational standards, being a low 0.28 as estimated by the United Nations. (Wolfram Alpha) There are many African countries in which a significant number of adults are illiterate and large amounts of children don’t go to school, such as Chad, where the literacy rate is at a concerning 22.31%, with numbers of economically active children at a shocking 55.9%. (Wolfram Alpha)  Although one may assume that it is the child’s fault if he/she does not wish to go to school, this is untrue. Since the average earnings per year in Chad are of $664.3 per person, some children must work in order to keep themselves and their families alive. Their economic activity is not a choice; it is a duty.Chad was a part of France’s colonial territory from the 1900s-1960s. Since French colonizers never focused on the betterment of locals by building institutions, Chad’s poor education has stayed since colonial times. The only education children received was primary, and was given, in Chad’s case, by French instructors. Because the French colonizers left after independence, a large portion of the qualified personnel went back to Europe, which left Chad with no accomplished engineers, educators, or businessmen who could drive the country forward. According to the article “Education in Chad: In a state of decline” written by the Chadian journalist Rachel Kagbe, “Between 1998-1999 and 2003-2004, there was a strong rise in school enrollment.” (Kagbe) Although this is true, Chad has never truly focused on education until very recently, as its emphasis tended to be towards gathering mineral and agricultural resources. Brian Faust, author of Borgen Magazine article “Improving Education in Chad” stated a similar opinion, “Historically, Chad’s economy has been focused on mining and agriculture, which hasn’t done much to spur economic activity. With slow economic growth, Chad couldn’t afford to adequately fund its education system. The government currently spends 2.3 percent of its budget on education, lower than comparable sub-Saharan African countries.” (Faust) This focus has impacted the country in a negative way, as education has been neglected. Education in Chad is a socio-economic issue; as Chad’s GDP is low, and number of teachers and quality of curricula is deplorable as well, there is no way for Chad’s youth to be educated correctly. There are 2.41 million students out of 12.5 million people, which is around a fifth of the population. Though this data may seem like a high percentage of the population received proper education, the 22.31% literacy rate immediately contrasts this thought. (Wolfram Alpha) This educational issue has been noticed by numerous organizations, such as the Global Partnership for Education, and they have already taken measures to improve learning in Chad. “552 classrooms were equipped, 15,000 students benefited from school meals, 7,500 girls received school kits, 15,792 girls received dry rations, 557 new classrooms were built between 2013 and 2015, 20 latrines were built, 233,966 children benefited from school meals and dry rations in 2015, 1,469,505 textbooks and 23,752 teacher’s guides were distributed in 2015,” they mention in their article “Education in Chad”. (GPE) This organization’s effort shows education in Chad is already developing, and will continue to do so..  If Chad keeps the programs which help fund education more effectively in place, as it has in recent years, education may be beneficially impacted in the near future. For example, “The Revitalizing Basic Education in Chad project works in targeted primary schools in the regions of Guéra, Logone Occidental, Ouadaï and Sila to support the government’s efforts to increase primary-school completion rates from 37 per cent in 2011 to 80 per cent in 2020.” (The Revitalizing Basic Education in Chad) This project is set for 2020, so Chad’s literacy rates will hopefully have grown and numbers of economically active children diminished, as more children will complete primary education. On the other hand, if the newly installed system receives less funding or less attention than it currently does, the backlash may have grave effects on Chad. Illiteracy rates could rise again, and children could be further endangered by being forced to work in often hazardous places. If, however, school systems change and children receive better education within a few years, Chad’s educational system will develop steadily from then on, resulting in the growth of the country. In maybe 30 years, there will be new generations of engineers, technicians, leaders, doctors, and most importantly, educators, to teach the following generation. Children are the future of Chad as well as the future of Africa, and thus, they are to be prioritized in order to avoid repeating mistakes of the past.