Aracely Some women may be very athletic but their

Aracely Valladares

Mrs. Vanderlinden

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January 11th, 2018

Plastic Surgery; Breast Reconstruction

Plastic surgery steadily continues to
grow in the United States. The number of breast reconstruction surgeries have
increased 39% since 2000. Many people turn to breast reduction or breast
augmentation to satisfy their many needs. To determine whether plastic surgery
is an ethical procedure, an exploration of physical, psychological, societal
pressure and the views of the Catholic Church will be examined.

                        Women
tend to spend lots of money on different products like cosmetics, clothes and jewelry
to enhance their physical look and help enhance their confidence (Barber).  Just like how different products can make us
feel better about our look, breast reconstruction can also give that feeling. Women
may decide to enlarge their breasts because they feel like their breast are
underdeveloped or they may feel like one breast is larger than the other.            (“Breast Augmentation”). Other women may get a
breast lift because they may not like the appearance of them after
breastfeeding for several months or even years. Breast reduction can also be
used to enhance our self-image. Some women may feel like their breast are too
large, too heavy and uncomfortable. Others may not like the way their breasts
look in certain types of clothing and some may not be able to fit in certain
tops or dresses that they like. Some women feel self-conscious about their
large breasts.  In 2013, 4,680 breast
reduction surgeries were done that year and it has continued to increase each
year (Foster). Breast reductions can also be used to enhance our physical
health. Some women may be very athletic but their breasts may get in the way of
their full potential. Tennis player Simona Halep, revealed that she had a
breast reduction operation to become more physically healthy and improve her
performance. After her surgery she was able to increase her ranking and became
number three in the championships (Foster). Simona Halep is just one of the many
athletes and celebrities that have gotten a breast reduction procedure.

                        Women
are pressured to be beautiful and perfect from a young age. We see in ads,
commercials, movies and TV shows, the many women that are promoted with big
breasts, large glutes, small waist, and perfect figure. These unrealistic idols
are what pressure us to make different changes to our body to try and look like
them. In 2017, the most popular cosmetic procedure was breast reconstruction surgeries,
for the second year in a row (Olya). This procedure is so popular because
famous people like Britney Spears, Megan Fox, Halle Berry, Cameron Diaz and
many other celebrities, all who are idols to millions of people, have gotten
breast augmentations. Dr. Daniel Maman, from 740 Park Plastic Surgery said “I also think social media has helped
make plastic surgery mainstream to some degree, and patients are more open to
discussing it.” (Olya). It is clear that we humans are influenced by society
and the media around us. This puts pressure specifically, on people that have
the money to get these expensive procedures. If our generation is so easily influenced
by the media, newer generations will be even more affected and we will see the
percentage of breast reconstruction surgeries increase immensely through
generations.

            Another factor that can lead women
to get breast reconstruction surgery are psychological reasons. A psychological
condition that can lead to cosmetic surgery is Body Dysmorphic Disorder or BDD.
People with BDD are obsessed with their appearance and flaws. They may often
think of themselves as unattractive and disfigured. They also have a hard time
controlling their negative thoughts about their physical look. Often breast
size is one of the main obsessions in a person with BDD. BDD can also lead a
person to commit suicide. It is unclear of the cause of Body Dysmorphic Disorder
but some issues may be chemical imbalances in the brain, obsessive compulsive
disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and other psychological conditions
(Tyler). People who are unhappy with their physical appearance are more likely
to spend money on big surgeries like breast reconstruction. Fortunately,
plastic surgeons now have tests that can determine whether a patient has BDD or
not (Tyler). It is important for the surgeon to know that state of their patients’
psychological state in order to proceed with a big procedure, such as breast
enlargement or reduction. Patients with psychological conditions who decide to
get breast implants, breast lift or other breast procedures can develop more
disorders after their operation.

        Different religions have different
views on the topic of plastic surgery. Specifically, the Catholic Church has no
real stance on cosmetic surgeries (Ben). We do know however, in the bible it
says we should not change the way God made us and we should respect our bodies.
“Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you,
whom you have from God? You are not your own, for you were bought with a price.
So glorify God in your body.” (Open Bible, 1 Corinthians 6:19-20). It is
uncertain whether or not plastic surgery, specifically breast reconstruction surgeries,
are a sin (Ben). The bible does not state anything specific on cosmetic
procedures (“Is it Wrong”). However, everyone has their own opinion. Some Catholics
believe that if breast reconstruction surgeries are done only to enhance their
beauty and cosmetic purposes only, it is considered a sin (Ben). Other
Catholics believe that it is not a sin if women get breast reconstruction done
for health reasons like back pain, neck pain, etc.

           There are many benefits and
disadvantages to getting a breast reconstruction surgery, this is why so many
people have different views and opinions about this topic. It is also the
reason why plastic surgery is an ethical procedure. Personally, I believe that
everyone is allowed to make their own choices, as we have that freedom to do
so. In the textbook In Search of the Good,
we read about the Catechism and
freedom; “Freedom is the power, rooted in reason and will, to act or to not
act, to do this or that, and so to perform deliberate actions on one’s own responsibility.”(Canadian
Conference of Catholic Bishops). I believe that since God gave us our freedom,
we are able to use that freedom to give act on something we don’t like about
ourselves.  People should be able to
choose what they want to do and change with their body. I also personally know
a few women who have gotten a breast augmentation and have been very satisfied
with their look. If changing something about yourself will make you feel
happier and will help you live a happier life, why not do it? It is important
to love yourself in order to live a happy life.