Although the world war two was not the best way to solve problems left from the previous world war, it’s still talked about until this day. Some people believe it’s a good thing the war took place and others consider it to be a waste of time and energy. Many countries fought very harsh battles over this time period. However, one of the longest battles that took place was the Italian Campaign. The Italian Campaign took place at dawn on July 10, 1943, the Allies began Operation Husky which was a four week battle over southern Sicily, Italy. This was a successful battle as Canadians came ashore at Pachino, a town in Sicily, but it still left hundreds of Canadian deaths and injuries. That battle pronounced the beginning of the Italian Campaign in the second world war. Canadians then made their way for the northern part of Italy. At the time, Italy was under German power as it was apart of the Axis. The Axis was made up of Germany, Italy and Japan and they were fighting against the Allies which consisted of Canada, The United States, Great Britain and France. The main reason why this attack happened in the first place was to defeat the Axis powers that was lead by German Nazi’s, so the Allies made a plan to invade Italy. The Allies wanted to draw German armed forces away from the prime Allied advance through Nazi occupied northern Europe to Berlin, Germany. The victory of the Italian Campaign was taken by the Allies. This was a very important battle in Canadian history as 93,000 Canadians were involved in this bloodshed and the battle itself lasted about 20 months. The significance of the Italian Campaign was proof of Canada’s military effort during the war because of the brave Canadians that fought in this strenuous battle. This essay will examine Canada’s international recognition after the campaign, military welfare used, and the role of the Prime minister. Canada’s international recognition was how Canada fought in the Italian Campaign. Canadian troops fought quite heroically in Italy against German army’s best troops. At this time Italy was under Nazi’s control and needed to retain control of Italy and strengthened it’s mountainous force. A difficult Allied advance also came across heavy rains, airless dust and harsh winter weather. Shortly before the Christmas of 1943, Canadians were battling a fierce attack for Ortona, Italy. On the other hand, stones littered the abrupt and narrow streets which made it hopeless for tanks to pass through. Three days after Christmas, on December 28, 1943, the Coastal Town was taken. Canadian troops then continued to gravitate towards Liri Valley to continue the battle. Wistfully, that resulted in approximately 26,000 casualties including 6,000 dead. Slowly the Canadian participation in the Italian Campaign slowly ended before the final victory in Italy. Henceforth, the Canadians were recognized for their bravery shown in this bloodshed. With all the casualties that took place during this battle, one must be in curiosity wondering what contributed to cause these deaths. There was a lot of warfare used in the Italian Campaign during the second world war. A few to mention are tanks, machine guns, hand grenades, and riffles. Tanks were originally introduced by the British and it is an armoured vehicle operates on a panzer. Machine guns and submachine guns were also very reliable. These guns continuously fire as long as the trigger remains depressed and was also used to capture Cassino. Hand grenades came in handy in close quarter fighting and discriminated between offensive and defensive use. Last but not least, riffle guns had a maximum range of 5500 feet. This gun was unaffected by weather, operated with an eight clip and was self loading. On top of that, it’s sight was extremely accurate. The bigger and more prejudicial warfare was used when battles were more challenging and those weapons include atomic bombs, V2 rockets, V-3 cannon and much more. The weapons mentioned were quite effective during the attacks, however, there were still a large amount of warfare that was not as effective such as pistols, nuclear weapons, bat bombs, and so on. The prime minister of Canada was William Lyon Mackenzie King during the Italian Campaign. He played a huge role throughout the entire world war two. However, focusing on the time period that the Italian Campaign lasted, Mackenzie King did his best to help Canada succeed in the battles it faced. When Canada went to Italy to fight against the Axis, it resulted in many casualties. For this reason, he then decided to recruit volunteers hoping to address the problem with the shortage of troops caused by the heavy losses from the battle. Mackenzie King also set Canada on a peaceful and prosperous path by instigating the family allowance act which paid families a monthly allowance for each child that still exists till this day. He believed that his greatest success as a wartime leader was that he prevented anything Canada fired up to do in the war and that has been the case since the first world war. Mackenzie King wrote”My first duty is to Canada… Keep our country united” during the battle which indicates his dedication and loyalty towards Canada during it’s hard times. His leadership style of compromise served the country well. Without the decisions made by William Lyon Mackenzie King, the outcome of this battle could of been completely different.All things considered, the Italian Campaign produced bitter and costly fighting of the second world war. The importance of the Italian Campaign was proof of Canadian military effort during the second world war because of the courage and bravery shown by the troops. The warfare the troops chose to attack with and decisions made by the prime minister also played a part in the outcome of this battle. All in all, this battle set a magnificent example to this current and future generations to come, of how fighting is not the solution to anything since the Allied victory did not change anything and the war still continued.