Although that infants show a preference and noticeable recognition

Although there is ample research that specifies the significance
of FFA in facial recognition, there is further research that suggests that the
FFA is not restricted to facial recognition, meaning facial recognition cannot exclusively
rely on the FFA to aid facial perception. Investigation into babies can provide
conflicting theory’s, in infants the FFA is underdeveloped, and does not
completely develop until adolescence, however it is known that children and
babies show the capability to distinguish and recognise faces. Bushnell (2001)
found that infants show a preference and noticeable recognition for their mother’s
face, this processes occurs without any contact. Babies as premature as 3
months’ old have shown the competence to distinguish between faces (Goldstein,
2013). They also have the capability to show a clear preference for female
faces (Quinn, et al 2002), providing an evolutionary aspect into the importance
of facial perception, and shows babies focus on women for food. Although babies
are capable of recognising and differentiating faces, a recent fMRI has found
that there is no FFA in the brain of infants between 4 and 6 months old (Deen
et al, 2017). Subsequently, it appears that the FFA as a single component into
facial perception has its flaws, there must be another neural structure that
sub serves facial recognition. However, is it important to note that the human
brain has been studied far more considerably than the infant brain, and it may
not be that there is an absence of FFA but it may be that it is not located in anatomically
familiar area. Due to the fact
infants are undergoing periods of neurogenesis (Johnson, 2001) this may make it
more difficult to distinguish the signal from a FFA. Furthermore, research
suggests that it may be pointless to accept the presence of a prewired tendency
to orient toward the face geometry due to the fact there is a domain-general
bias toward conformations with more components in the upper than in the lower
half-top-heavy patterns. Suggesting faces do not hold a superior status in
new-borns visual world (Viola Macchi, Turati and Simion, 2004).