All 1922 bribery was considered a criminal act and

All around the world police corruption is a big problem,
meaning that the law enforcement officers abuse the power they get for their
own personal needs. Corruption can involve one person or a group of people. Russia
is on the list of corruptions ranked 131st country out of 176 on the
corruption perception index list, because of that the Russian citizens don’t
trust the police as of the bad laws and them not knowing their rights so they
must stand up for them self. Russia facing the problem of corruption in the police
force, affects the country in negative way but slowly as the time goes on there
are improving the police force.

 

Russia is one of the biggest country in the world it
takes up 49% of earths 149 million square kilometers, its population is 144.3
million as of 2016, due to its size, good law enforcement is a must. There is
federal law enforcement which takes on the responsibilities of a variety of
different agencies, the current primary law enforcement is the Russian police
which operates by the Law of Police which is approved by the federal assembly which
also helps sign laws.  The first police force
in Russia was created in 1718 in Petersburg, not so long after, Moscow had created
their own police force. As time went by, riots occurred caused by the police
force, and one of the riots that happened between the police and gendarmes (an
armed police officer in France) marked the initial outbreak of the February
Revolution 1(Oleinik,
2003). The police became the main target of the revolutionaries and many were killed,
as of that the police Russian Empire was dissolved.

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In the 18th century is approximately when the
Russian corruption had started, when the government officials would perform Kormlenie
corruption, which meant that the authority would have received goods, services,
and fees from interested areas. In 1715 till this day accepting a bribe in
Russia would be considered a crime, but officials started to abuse their power
and started to receive fixed salaries and at that time there was so many
increased fixed salaries which made it hard to regulate and bribes where
getting out of control especially for officials. The Bolshevicks established a
new Russian law enforcement which was called the Militsiya, and by the 1922
bribery was considered a criminal act and would be punishable by death. The
Bolshevicks crated Militsiya as they intended that it would help enforce their
new laws 2(Marenin,
1997) as it is would bring an authority of self-organization of people to help
with laws. This force was known as the police for the country and they were in
control.

 

 

The main problem that lead to the police corruption in Russia
was the officers would use their power they have for their own good, rather than
using it to protect the country by fighting crimes, this would be categorized
as type of corruption called predatory policing. The way the police were acting
lead citizens to not trust them to protect the public. The police have no set
laws to follow and had no one to keep them running a certain way as the government
doesn’t act on what they do bad.  Many police
act rude and cruel and very indifferent to the needs of the people. There have
been many cases of misconduct from Russia officers that doubt their ability to
protect. People join the police force to try and belief that they did something
good in their life and many join for the power they gain which makes them feel
unique and that they are in control of people. There are no set requirements to
become a police officer they accept people that don’t have any background in
the police force which is a big problem.

 

Bribes is caused a lot of corruption; the police force officers
would take money or some sort of gift or some type of other inducement to act
in favor of someone who was done something illegal and by giving a bribe officers
will ignore the criminal act they have committed. There was one women in Russia
where her family was iin danger form a harasser, and the officer refused to
help as she didn’t give him a bribe (Gerber & Mendelson, 2008). Police also
associate with mafias, as they buy sectors of the law enforcement usually buying
off traffic cops so they won’t disclose their location 3(Feifer,
2003). Police taking bribes show lot of bad sides of the corruption, but there
are many of them that do good for the country but it is just hard to find. Police
take bribes not as a want but as they are underpaid they take it for them to just
to survive, and them committing crimes is just a way of living and they see it
as normal thing to do. A former police officer admitted that Russian police commit
crimes on and daily bases, and the government does nothing to reduce the
corruption 4(Levy,
2010).

         The president of Russia Dmitry
Medvedev, initialed the Russian police reform which is an ongoing reform which improved
the efficiency of the Russian police force and helped decrease the amount of
corruption. The name of the force also changed in the act of making it more universal,
it was used to be called Militia and now is called Polisiaya (police). Part of
the change is that they cut 20% of the law enforcement, which leads to the increased
wage

In March 1,2011 then president Dmitry Medvedev passed the
Russian police reform amendment to help improve the Russian police force of
corruption and improve its public image. First, it had a name changed from militia
to a more universal name of polisiaya (police.) It also cut 20% of law
enforcement and increased wage. This also includes intensive screening and more
background information for new candidates It also made the Russian police a
more federal-level intuition so they where able to get a federal budget. (Bigg,
2011) This also include creating a new interacting website where Russian
citizen can rate, comment and ask question about there local police. Last, the
new law stated that detainees had a right to make a call and also receive a
lawyer and translator the moment there detained. After the reform took place a
poll held by the state had mix review 52 % trusted the police, but a
independent study done by Levada Center said 6% thought the force improve while
75% saw no change (Bigg, 2011).

It might take more years to fix the corruption of Russia but from I can tell
they’re trying to improve their image as police. The only thing is time will
tell what these changes will bring especially with what going on currently with
Russia and the Ukraine will this make the situation worse or help establish a
honest police force. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References 
Bigg, C. (2011, February 2011). Russian police force to change its name, but
not its ways. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved from
http://www.rferl.org/content/russia_police_change_name_not_ways/2323.html

Feifer, G. (2003, November ). Russia: Police corruption chokes progress.

Russia: Police Corruption Chokes Progress. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
Retrieved from http://www.rferl.org/features/2003/02/19022003164607

Gerber, T. P., & Mendelson, S. E. (2008). Public experiences of police
violence and corruption in contemporary russia: A case of predatory policing?.

Law and Society Review, 42(1), 1-43.

Levy, C. (2010, July 27). Videos rouse Russian anger toward police. The New
York Times. Retrieved from Videos Rouse Russian Anger Toward Police

Marenin, O. (1997). Policing soviet society: The evolution of state control.

Contemporary Sociology, 26(3), 332-343.

Oleinik, A. N. (2003). Organized crime, prison & post-soviet societies. (1
ed., p. 307). Aldershot, England : Ashgate

 

 

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