Project Management in Public Sector
The public sector is
pivotal to the growth of the economy (Rwelamila, 2007). Accordingly, due to the
increasing demands for progress in the accountability and efficinecy in public
organisations, the need for the application and proficiency of PM in public organisations
have become fundamental.
This demand has led various public organisations
to embark on developmental projects as a means to improve accountability and organisational
effectiveness in the public sector (Crawford and Helm, 2009; Arnaboldi, 2004).
PM was indirectly introduced into the public
sector due to the demand for public organisations reforms by western
governments (Baranskaya 2007; Crawford, L. et al., 2003). In fact, ever since
its modern origin, the concept of PM has expanded its popularity both in the
private and public sector (Morris et al., 2012; Crawford and Helm, 2009). Private
organisations seem to be more proficient in utilising PM practices than the public
organisations (Rosacker and Rosacker, 2010; Wirick, 2011).
Various authors argue that other potential
benefits of utilising public projects include the creation of socio-economic
value through effective public service which as a result produces an
environment that fosters investment and improves the standard of living of
people in a society (Ofori, 2013; Graham and England, 2013). Furthermore, the
concept of PM in public organisations is promoted by various governments.
Although, various developed nations such as USA, UK and Australia amongst
others, have a record of achievement in managing government developmental
projects (Klakegg et al., 2015), there is still the need for better
understanding of PM practices that relate to public projects specifically in
developing countries. In
addition, Abbasi & Al-Mharmah (2000) adds that in such countries the application
of PM tools and techniques are still in its early phases of development. It is
a relatively modern practice that attempts to achieve planned objectives within
definite time and cost limits, through best use of resources and using an incorporated
planning and control system.