1. We can share and delivered the digitals goods

1. Introduction

 

1.1  General
introduction

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E-commerce is the buying and
selling of products and services over electronic system. It is a powerful
concept that has fundamentally changed and make easier the current of human
life. E-commerce may be the revolution of information technology and
communication in the field of economy. This style of business can provide the
good benefits for human. E-commerce is canceling many types of the limitations of
old traditional business. For example, form and appearance of traditional
business has fundamentally changed. These changes are basis for improving the
e-commerce economy. ( Nanehkaran, 2013) E commerce is the one business where we
share our goods, information to maintaining business relationships, and
conducting business transactions by means of telecommunications networks. In
today’s business environment, where the operational boundaries between firms
have become fluid. Therefore, E-commerce includes the sell-buy relationships
and transactions between companies, as well as the corporate processes that
support the commerce within individual firms. (Zwass, 1996)

 

1.2  Current
Scenario

 

Since, 1995 e commerce is growing popular in
emerging economy. The USA is the leader in global e-commerce sales at 27% of
the worldwide. Development country like U.S.A, China, japan, India etc. are the
world’s leading emerging markets. It requires the digital goods for caring out
their transaction. And India is the second largest base of internet user in the
world behind China. We can share and delivered the digitals goods over a
digital network. E-commerce has been hailed by many as an opportunity for
developing countries. The explosive growth in internet usage has more recently
led to a corresponding growth in online business and e-commerce. This growth
presents both great opportunities as well as some unique challenges. The conversation
between businesses and consumers has become easier for transactional exchanges
to happen online. E-commerce could deliver a significant benefit to businesses
in developing countries by increasing their control over its place in the
supply chain thus improving its market efficiency (khan, 2016) Now E-commerce is successful in everywhere in the world. And
finally most of the people are involving nearly 1.21bn on this today’s world more than
67% of e-commerce users are dealing on mobile devices apart from that near 40% are user of India and it’s against user of other
countries like US 14%, UK-6% and Russia-11%. E-commerce is using for the
purpose of collecting money from in different business and highly advantaged on
web and digital television, telecommunication, phones, fax, copiers PCs and
printers. On the context of Nepal the major sections of E-commerce are
inter-firm and intra-organization, in the recent time high usage in the retail
marketing.

 

1.   
Buying and selling of goods and
collect the money

2.   
Transport (one country to
another country) of products

3.   
Bringing out economic statement (SAJJMAR,
2012)

 

 

 

2 Background

 

USA is the first electronic
commerce creator and some European countries in 1998. These types of business are
formed with beginner and unprofessional websites and it has been expanded
rapidly. In America, Europe and East Asia Electronic commerce was spread
rapidly. (Nanehkaran, 2013)

Electronic commerce,
commonly known as, interchange the products with the help of computer networks,
such as the Internet. Electronic commerce draws on technologies such as mobile
commerce, electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, Internet
marketing, online transaction processing, electronic data interchange (EDI),
inventory management systems, and automated data collection systems. (Shahrzad , et
al., 2015)

2.1Technological
Infrastructure

 

The metropolitan and
local-area nets are joined network of wide area. Therefore, E-commerce is
basically global.

However, there will continue
to be, major differences in national and regional development of
infrastructure, as well as in the national governance of telecommunications,
with government controls in a number of countries limiting development and
inspiring high telecommunications costs. The new order of the internet is that,
which has become the main vehicle of E-commerce. And Internet is like as a
driver of E-commerce thanks to the invention of the World Wide Web as a
principal means of sharing information. (Zwass , 1996)

 

2.2 GLOBAL TRENDS

The world largest e-commerce
marketing is the United Kingdom when measured by the spent amount. The online
channel have produced almost a quarter (24%) of the countries. Among developing
economies, every year China’s e-commerce presence continues to increase, With
384 million internet users, China’s online shopping sales rose to $36.6 billion
in 2009 and trust level for shoppers is a one of the reasons behind the huge
growth. For the online shopping Chinese sellers have been able to make
consumers feel more comfortable. China’s products are selling cross-border
e-commerce is also growing rapidly. E-commerce dealings between China and other
countries increased 32% to 2.3 trillion in 2012 and accounted for 9.6% of
China’s total international trade in 2013, 80% of the market share is with
Alibaba in China. Brazil’s, India’s etc. ecommerce is growing quickly with
retail ecommerce sales. By 2016, marketer expects retail ecommerce sales in
Brazil to reach $17.3 billion.  Research
by four economists at The University of Chicago four economists found that the
growth of online shopping has also affected industry structure. And e commerce
is that tools which become an important for small and large businesses.
Generally, larger businesses are able to use economies of scale and offer lower
prices bookseller, shops with between one and four employees. Individual or
business involved in e-commerce whether buyers or sellers.

2.4 BENEFIT OF ELECTRONIC
COMMERCE

 Today, in every aspect of our day to day life
internet has become undivided part of our life. 
Every day the bank system online checks mail online every day.
E-Commerce makes some of the benefits that customers are enables to shop or do
other transactions 24 hours a day, all year round from almost any location. The
benefits of e-commerce include it’s the speed of access, a wider selection of
goods and services, accessibility, and international reach. It’s perceived
downsides include sometimes limited customer service, not being able to see or
touch a product prior to purchase, and the necessitated wait time for product
shipping.

A business owner simply
cannot rely on an advertisement in phone book .Finally, e-commerce can have
good effects on society which are enables more individuals to work at home, and
to do less traveling for shopping, resulting in less traffic on the roads, and
lower air pollution, allows some merchandise to be sold at lower prices
benefiting the poor ones (Shahrzad , et al., 2015)

Current scenario

 In
Nepal the Internet was introduced in 1994. Nepal had a list of internet user.
Only 0.5% of the total population are the user of the internet or Nepal had
35,000 Internet users. But since the mid-2004 there was increased of internet
user that 50000 active internet users and 150000 are the passive user or 0.9%
of the total population. On the compare of other development country Nepalese
E-commerce users are too small. In 1999 Thamal.com was established. Its office
is located in Thamel, a street in Kathmandu. In 2003, its business model won
the International Institute for Communication and Development (IICD) award and
Global Knowledge Partnership (GKP) Tony Zeitoun Award. (Kshetri,
2007)

 

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