1. to James, there are two arguments which compose

1.     The James-Lange theory of emotion
states that the body is responsible for triggering emotional experiences. According
to James, there are two arguments which compose this theory: the body usually
responds in a distinctive manner, depending on the event or situation that
evoke this emotion, and the body also doesn’t react to events that that don’t trigger
emotions. Although his theory has gained attention, there has been some negative
criticisms that the bodily reactions that he has mentioned were actually already
part of the body’s fight-or-flight reaction. They’ve also argued that emotional
experiences happen faster than physiological experiences. In addition, critics
find that physiological changes or reactions are irrelevant to some degree and aren’t
as impacting as the emotional reactions.



2.           The facial feedback hypothesis centers
around facial movements, facial temperatures, and how the glandular activity
changes in the facial skin. When people look at the strong facial feedback
hypothesis, they can conclude that this concept focuses on how facial
expressions are able to trigger specific emotions. For instance, frowning makes
us feel sad or upset at a certain situation. However, the weak facial feedback argues
that suppressed facial expressions are what cause genuine emotions to appear.

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3.            Lazarus came up with primary appraisal and
secondary appraisal in order to clarify the cognitive processes which occur when
important life events, physiological, and behavioral reactions take place. Primary
appraisal basically shows whether someone’s health, self-esteem, goals,
financial state, respect, and well-being of a loved one are all at stake when
there’s a particular encounter occurring. In other words, how much would a
person have to sacrifice when they are placed in a situation. On the other
hand, secondary appraisal shows how a person deals with the aftermath or copes
with the benefit, harm, or threat after reflecting about the event. This period
of time gives the person a chance to prepare for the situation in every sense; cognitively,
emotionally, and behaviorally.